Blast From The Past:
OUR HAMITE AWARD WINNER FOR 2002:
Charity Adams Earley
Charity Adams Earley was the first African-American woman to be an officer in the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps and was the commander of the first battalion of African-American women to serve overseas during World War II.
Adams was the highest ranking African-American woman in the army by the completion of the war.
Born in 1918 in Columbia, South Carolina, Adams' father was a minister, and her mother was a teacher. Adams were the oldest of four children. She graduated high school from Booker T. Washington High School as valedictorian and college from Wilberforce University in Ohio in 1938, majoring in math and physics.
After graduation she returned to Columbia and taught school while attending graduate school at Ohio State University during the summer months.
Adams enlisted in the U.S. Army's Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) in July 1942. She was the first African-American woman to be an officer in the WAAC. At the time, the U.S. Army was still segregated so she was placed in a company with fellow female African-American women officers and stationed at Fort Des Moines. In 1943 she was assigned to be training supervisor at base headquarters.
In early 1944, Adams were re-assigned as the Training Center control officer who was in charge of improving efficiency and job training. She also had other responsibilities such as surveying officer (who found lost property) and summary court officer (who handled the minor women's trials).
In December 1944, Adams led the only company of black WACs ever to serve overseas. They were stationed in Birmingham, England. The women began to socialize with the citizens and broke through prejudices on both sides.
Adams were put in charge of a postal directory service unit. Another part of her job included raising the morale of women. Adams achieved this by creating beauty parlors for the women to relax and socialize in.
In March 1945, she was appointed to the commanding officer and battalion commander of the first battalion of African-American women. They were stationed first in Birmingham, England and three months later were moved to Rouen, France, followed by Paris, France. They were responsible for the delivery of mail to over seven million soldiers during World War II.
By the completion of the war, Adams were the highest ranking African-American woman in the military. She decided to leave the service in 1946 when she was called to serve at the Pentagon. At the conclusion of the war, when asked about her groundbreaking achievements, Adams responded directly, "I just wanted to do my job."
Growing up in the south, Adams experienced the hardships of segregation. When she entered the army, she still faced discrimination but was not afraid to speak up and fight for desegregation in the military.
One of the first battle's Adams fought for equality was when the Army proposed segregating the training regiment. When she was told she would head one of the segregated regiments, she refused. Fortunately, the Army decided against creating the separate regiments.
On another occasion, Adams spoke up to a general who threatened to send a "white first lieutenant" to show her how to run her unit. She responded, "over my dead body," to which the general threatened to court-martial her for disobeying orders. She then threatened to court-martial him for using "language stressing racial segregation." They both dropped the matter.
Adams also fought for desegregation. When the Red Cross tried to donate equipment for a new segregated recreation center, Adams refused it because her unit had been sharing the entertainment center that was used by white groups.
Adams encouraged her battalion to socialize with the white men coming back from the front and even the citizens of where ever they were stationed. She wanted to create comradeship between the enlisted personal and ease the tensions of racism.
After her service in the Army, she earned a master’s degree in psychology from Ohio State University. She then worked at the Veterans Administration in Cleveland, Ohio but soon left to teach at The Miller Academy of Fine Arts.
She moved to Nashville, Tennessee and was the director of student personnel at Tennessee A&I College. She then moved to Georgia and became the head of the student personal and assistant professor of education at Georgia State College.
This proud woman had quite a career. She approached racism like the all the other great Hamite winners, right in the face! Not backing down. She would not allow herself or her soldiers to feel like second class citizens by illegal Jim Crow laws whites had put into place to keep blacks segregated and held back in achieving the American dream.
Charity Adams Earley was a trailblazer who along with other great African-Americans made it possible for us to prosper today. Do we honor and recognize that by our way of living?
This website finds great honor in awarding Charity Adams Earley the 2002 Hamite Award for her unselfish contributions to the whole human race.
Adams died at age 83 on January 13, 2002, in Dayton, Ohio.
Charity Adams Earley|
For the year 2002:
- Robert L. Johnson was the first African-American to become majority owner of a U.S. major sports league team
- Captain Vernice Armour was the first African-American female combat pilot in the U.S. Armed Services
- Venus Williams was the first African-American to hold the #1 rank in tennis
- Serena Williams was the first African-American to hold the year-end #1 rank in tennis
- Serena Williams was the first African-American to be named year-end world champion by the International Tennis Federation
- Darren Arbet was the first African-American Arena Football League head coach to win ArenaBowl
- Ozzie Newsome was the first African-American general manager in the National Football League
- Dave Benton was the first African-American winner of the Eurovision Song Contest
- Halle Berry was the first African-American woman to win the Academy Award for Best Actress
| 2002 |
| Sports in 2002 |
- May 4, 2002 - Baseball's Barry Bonds is the first player to hit 400 home runs for one team and 100 for another.
- June 9, 2002 - Dueling sisters Serena Williams defeats Venus Williams at the 101st Women's French Open.
- June 21, 2002 - Boxer Lennox Lewis retains his WBC world Heavyweight crown by knocking out Mike Tyson in the eight round.
- July 7, 2002 - Dueling sisters Serena Williams defeats Venus Williams at the 109th Wimbledon Women's Tennis.
- August 9, 2002 - Baseball's Barry Bonds smacks his 600th career home run.
Tommie Smith and John Carlos
Three Proud People mural in Newtown
DID YOU KNOW?
Ever wonder how the term "African American" came into existence? After the civil rights movement, blacks felt the need for a more accurate term to describe the race than colored or Negro, which was associated with much pain and suffering. In the late 1960s, and early 1970s, blacks no longer approved of the term Negro. In its experimental stages, the term Afro-American was used for a while but didn't last. Later the Black Power movement made us feel proud using black as the term in describing our race.
The song, "Say It Loud – I'm Black and I'm Proud" by James Brown became an unofficial anthem of the Black Power movement. But it wasn't until the 1980s the term African American was advanced on the model of, for example, German-American or Irish-American to give descendants of American slaves and other American blacks who lived through the slavery era a heritage and a cultural base. The term was popularized in black communities around the country via word of mouth and ultimately received mainstream use after Jesse Jackson publicly used the term in front of a national audience. Subsequently, major media outlets adopted its use.
President George W. Bush
| Political Scene in 2002 |
- 2002 - George W. Bush served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009. He was elected president in 2000 after a close and controversial election, becoming the fourth president to be elected while receiving fewer popular votes nationwide than his opponent. incumbent Vice President Al Gore was on the losing end.
| Movies / Television in 2002 |
- Men in Black II - Michael Jackson as Agent M (cameo)
movies that emerged in the United States in the 1970s targeted for black audiences
- Undercover Brother: comedy film centered around a blaxploitation-style secret agent.
Academy Award Winners:
- 2002 - Denzel Washington for Training Day. Best Actor in a Leading Role.
- 2002 - Halle Berry for Monster's Ball. Best Actress in a Leading Role.
Portrait of William Warfield
by Carl Van Vechten
John Junior Roseboro
Charity Adams Earley
Dick "Night Train" Lane
| Famous Deaths in 2002 |
- January 29, 2002 - Dick "Night Train" Lane was an American football player, best known as a defensive back for the Los Angeles Rams, Chicago Cardinals and Detroit Lions. He went undrafted in 1952, and was later inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame. Trivia: Lane was married three times, one of which was to jazz singer Dinah Washington, and was the last of her seven husbands at the time of her death on December 14, 1963.
- April 2, 2002 - Nellie Stone Johnson was an American civil rights activist and union organizer. She was the first black elected official in Minneapolis and shaped Minnesota politics for 70 years.
- April 30, 2002 - Effie Neal Jones was a civil rights activist, food services provider, and counselor for the Four County Head Start Program in Laurinburg, North Carolina.
- May 17, 2002 - Joe Black was the first black pitcher to win a World Series game, in 1952.
- August 16, 2002 - John Junior Roseboro was a Major League Baseball catcher and coach, who was born in Ashland, Ohio.
- August 26, 1920 - William Caesar Warfield was an American concert bass-baritone singer and actor.
- August 31, 2002 - Lionel Hampton jazz vibraphonist, pianist, percussionist, bandleader and actor.
- October 10, 2002 - Teresa Graves was an American actress and singer. As the star of the 1974 Get Christie Love!, Graves is credited as being the first African-American woman to star in her own hour-long drama television series.
- 2002 - Moran Weston, Jr. priest, banker and real estate broker.
- 2002 - Charity Adams Earley was the first African-American woman to be an officer in the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (later WACS) and was the commanding officer of the first battalion of African-American women to serve overseas during World War II. Adams was the highest ranking African-American woman in the army by the completion of the war
- Lisa Nicole Lopes (May 27, 1971 – April 25, 2002), better known by her stage name Left Eye, was an American rapper, singer, dancer, musician, and songwriter. She achieved fame as a member of the R&B girl group TLC. On April 25, 2002, Lopes was killed in an automobile accident in La Ceiba, Honduras.
- Curtis Donnell Davis (August 7, 1968 – June 15, 2002), better known by his stage name Big Mello, was an American rapper from Houston, Texas. On June 15, 2002 Mello along with a passenger died after Mello lost control of his vehicle and hit a pillar.
- Jason William Mizell (January 21, 1965 – October 30, 2002), better known by his stage name Jam Master Jay, was an American musician and rapper. He was the DJ of the influential hip hop group Run–D.M.C. Mizell was shot and murdered by an unknown assailant. He was 37 years old.
| Famous Weddings in 2002 |
- January 1, 2002 - Kenny Lattimore and Chante Moore were married.
- January 20, 2002 - Alfonso Ribeiro and Robin Ribeiro were married.
- February 2002 - Dwyane Wade and Siohvaugn Funches were married.
- June 7, 2002 - Cynthia Lennon and Noel Charles were married.
- August 27, 2002 - Harold Perrineau and Brittany Perrineau were married.
- September 22, 2002 - Laurence Fishburne and Gina Torres were married.
- December 26, 2002 - Shaquille O'Neal and Shaunie Nelson were married.
- 2002 - Daunte Culpepper and Kimberly Rah were married.
- 2002 - Sinbad and Meredith Fuller were married.
- 2002 - A.C. Green and Veronique Green were married.
- 2002 - Pamela Nomvete and Collins Marimbe were married.
- 2002 - Donna Richardson and Tom Joyner were married.
- 2002 - Bryant Gumbel and Hilary Quinlan were married.
- 2002 - Reginald Hudlin and Chrisette Suter were married.
- 2002 - Smokey Robinson and Frances Robinson were married.
| Famous Divorces in 2002 |
- June 14, 2002 - Taye Diggs and LisaRaye were divorced.
- December 30, 2002 - Kirby Puckett and Tonya Hudson were divorced.
- December 2002 - Rick James and Tanya Hijazi were divorced.
- 2002 - Angela Winbush and Ronald Isley were divorced.
- 2002 - Vivica Fox and Christopher Harvest were divorced.
- 2002 - Marion Jones and C. J. Hunter were divorced.
Soul Train ran from 1971-2006
Fats Domino singing "Blueberry Hill" on the "Alan Freed Show" 1956
| Music in 2002 |
Billboard Top Soul Hits:
- "Always on Time" Ja Rule featuring Ashanti
- "Lights, Camera, Action!" Mr. Cheeks
- "Oops (Oh My)" Tweet featuring Missy Elliott
- "Foolish" Ashanti
- "Oh Boy" Cam'ron featuring Juelz Santana
- "Hot in Herre" Nelly
- "Dilemma" Nelly featuring Kelly Rowland
- "Luv U Better" LL Cool J
- "Work It" Missy "Misdemeanor" Elliott
- "Love of my Life (An Ode to Hip-Hop)" Erykah Badu featuring Common
Popular Soul Dances:
- Harlem shake
- Cat Daddy
- Gas Pedal
Musical Happenings in 2002:
- 2002 - George N. Thompson becomes the first African American to serve as head of the United States Navy's Musical Training Program.
- 2002 - Isaac Hayes is an inductee into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
- January 9, 2002 - Michael Jackson receives the Artist of the Century award at the American music awards.
Blues Hall of Fame for 2002:
The Blues Hall of Fame is a music museum located in Memphis, Tennessee. Until recently, the "Blues Hall of Fame" was not a physical building, but a listing of people who have significantly contributed to blues music. Started in 1980 by the Blues Foundation, it honors those who have performed, recorded, or documented blues. The actual building for the hall opened to the public on May 8, 2015
- Ruth Brown
- Big Maceo Merriweather
BET Awards winners in 2002:
The BET Awards were established in 2001 by the Black Entertainment Television network to celebrate African Americans and other minorities in music, acting, sports, and other fields of entertainment over the past year. Steve Harvey and Cedric the Entertainer were host.
Best Female Hip-Hop Artist
- Missy Elliott
Best Male Hip-Hop Artist
- Ja Rule
Best Gospel Artist
- Yolanda Adams
Best Female R&B Artist
Best Male R&B Artist
Best New Artist
- Alicia Keys
Video of the Year
- "Pass the Courvoisier, Part II"
performed by Busta Rhymes feat. P. Diddy & Pharrell
- B2K – "Uh Huh"
- Halle Berry
- Will Smith
Best Female Athlete
- Laila Ali
Best Male Athlete
- Kobe Bryant
- Muhammad Ali
Lifetime Achievement Award
- Earth Wind & Fire
Grammy winners in 2002:
The 44th Annual Grammy Awards were held on February 27, 2002 at Staples Center, Los Angeles. The main recipient was Alicia Keys, winning five Grammys, including Best New Artist and Song of the Year for "Fallin'".
Song of the Year
- "Fallin'"-Alicia Keys
Best New Artist
- Alicia Keys
Best Pop/Contemporary Gospel Album
- Brown Bannister (producer) for CeCe Winans
Best Traditional Soul Gospel Album
- John Chelew (producer) the Blind Boys of Alabama for Spirit of the Century
Best Contemporary Soul Gospel Album
- Benjamin J. Arrindell & Yolanda Adams for The Experience
Best Gospel Choir or Chorus Album
- Greg Hartman Hezekiah Walker (choir director) & the LFT Church Choir for Love Is Live!
Best Historical Album
- Michael Brooks, Michael Cuscuna (producers) for Lady Day: The Complete Billie Holiday on Columbia 1933-1944
Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album
- Tom Jung (engineer & producer) for Homage to Count Basie
Best Jazz Vocal Album
- Erik Zobler (engineer), George M. Duke (producer) & Dianne Reeves for The Calling
Best Contemporary Jazz Album
- Khaliq-O-Vision, Ray Bardani (engineers), David Isaac (producer) & Marcus Miller (producer & artist) for M
Best Short Form Music Video
- Deannie O'Neil, Vincent Landay (video producers), Spike Jonze (video director), Bootsy Collins & Fatboy Slim for "Weapon of Choice"
Best Male Pop Vocal Performance
- "You Rock My World" - Michael Jackson
Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals
- "Lady Marmalade" - Christina Aguilera, Lil' Kim, Mưa & Pink
Best Dance Recording
- Steve Hodge (mixer), Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis (producers), & Janet Jackson (producer & artist) for "All for You"
Best Pop Vocal Album
- Mike Pela (engineer & producer) & Sade Adu (producer & artist) for Lovers Rock
Best Female R&B Vocal Performance
- Alicia Keys for "Fallin'"
Best Male R&B Vocal Performance
- Usher for "U Remind Me"
Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal
- Destiny's Child for "Survivor"
Best Traditional R&B Vocal Album
- Gladys Knight for At Last
Best R&B Song
- Alicia Keys (songwriter) for "Fallin'"
Best R&B Album
- Kerry Krucial Brothers (engineers) & Alicia Keys (producer & artist) for Songs in A Minor
Best Rap Solo Performance
- Get Ur Freak On'-Missy Elliott
Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group
- Ms. Jackson-OutKast
Best Rap Album
- David Sheats (producer) & OutKast for Stankonia
Best Reggae Album
- Arlick Thompson (engineer), Damian Marley for "Halfway Tree
Best Spoken Word Album
- Jeffrey S. Thomas & Quincy Jones for Q: The Autobiography of Quincy Jones
Hall of Fame Award
- "Misty" Johnny Mathis
Hall of Fame Award
- "Ain't That a Shame" Fats Domino
Hall of Fame Award
- "Billie's Bounce" Charlie Parker and His Re-Boppers
“Ignorance of how we are shaped racially is the first sign of privilege. In other words. It is a privilege to ignore the consequences of race in America.” Tim Wise
How did it begin?
Actually, it's a worldwide negative perception of whites, but why? Well, a quick and simple trip back in history will get the probable answer.
The best way to describe European history would be wars, wars, and more wars.
The Europeans wanted better and pursued a life of civilization as opposed to barbarism. They discovered a tool that would help them with that. It was called Science, which was a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe. In other words, every single thing would be studied and scrutinized.
Foolishly, church leaders of that day welcomed science, but it would eventually become a direct enemy of humanity's maker.
Because science would teach the ordinary person to believe in themselves and the intellectual powers, they possess as opposed to an All Mighty Creator. Because the Creator of the universe is mathematically correct, once these early scientists were able to figure equations for themselves in regards to nature, they felt there were like a god. Science would also teach the world to exist because of a Big Bang theory and evolution, instead of being created.
Did these early Europeans belief in science affect the Negro?
Absolutely! It affected all tribal nature human beings. Whites collectively proclaimed themselves superior and this is where the trouble started for the rest of humankind. The Europeans were much smarter and more advanced than tribal communities. Millions of Negroes and other races lost their lives and suffered much because of science.
Before slavery, the Negro had been isolated from the rest of the world for many years due to the humongous Sahara Desert to the North and the Arab slave traders to the East made it tough if not impossible to travel. They weren't able to share in the new learning discoveries the world were experiencing. These people were a group lost in time, away from the modern world.
Once the Portuguese got the slave trade started with the entire world, the scientist had an opportunity to scrutinize and evaluate the lowly Negro, and I have to warn you right now it wasn't pretty.
An illustration from the influential American magazine Harper's Weekly shows an alleged similarity between "Irish Iberian" and "Negro" features in contrast to the higher "Anglo-Teutonic." The accompanying caption reads "The Iberians are believed to have been originally an African race, which thousands of years ago spread themselves through Spain over Western Europe. Their remains are found in the barrows, or burying places, in various parts of these countries. The skulls are of a small prognathous type. They came to Ireland and mixed with the natives of the South and West, who themselves are supposed to have been of small type and descendants of savages of the Stone Age, who, in consequence of isolation from the rest of the world, had never been out-competed in the healthy struggle of life, and thus made way, according to the laws of nature, for superior races." (this is an Harper's Weekly assessment of race, not ours) photo#101-yr-2015
The following excerpts are scientist views of the Negro back then:
Charles White (1728–1813), an English physician and surgeon, believed that races occupied different stations in the "Great Chain of Being," and he tried to scientifically prove that human races have distinct origins from each other. He believed that Whites and Negroes were two different species. White was a believer in polygeny, the idea that different races had been created separately.
Immanuel Kant (1724–1804) was a German philosopher who said "The yellow Indians do have a little talent. The Negroes are far below them, and at the lowest point are a part of the American people".
Franz Ignaz Pruner (1808–1882) was a medical doctor who studied the racial structure of Negroes in Egypt. In a book which he wrote in 1846, he claimed that Negro blood had a negative influence on the Egyptian moral character. He argued that the main feature of the Negro's skeleton is prognathism, which he claimed was the Negro's relation to the ape. He also argued that Negroes had very similar brains to apes and that Negros have a shortened big toe, which is a characteristic connecting Negroes closely to apes.
Carl Linnaeus (1707–1778), the Swedish physician, botanist, and zoologist says The Afer or Africanus: black, phlegmatic, relaxed; black, frizzled hair; silky skin, flat nose, tumid lips; females without shame; mammary glands give milk abundantly; crafty, sly, careless; anoints himself with grease; and regulated by will.
Scottish lawyer Henry Home, Lord Kames (1696-1782) was a polygenist: he believed God had created different races on Earth in separate regions. In his 1734 book Sketches on the History of Man, Home claimed that the environment, climate, or state of society could not account for racial differences, so the races must have come from distinct, separate stocks.
Charles Darwin (1809 – 19 April 1882) apparently believed that the struggle for existence among humans would result in racial extermination. In Descent of Man he asserted, "At some future period, not very distant as measured by centuries, the civilized races of man will almost certainly exterminate and replace throughout the world the savage races.
When comparing Caucasians to Negroes, Voltaire (1694 – 1778) compared them to different breeds of dog:
The Negro race is a species of men different from ours as the breed of spaniels is from that of greyhounds. The mucous membrane, or network, which Nature has spread between the muscles and the skin, is white in us and black or copper-colored in them.
Benjamin Rush (1745–1813), a Founding Father of the United States and a physician, proposed that being black was a hereditary skin disease, which he called "negroidism," and that it could be cured. Rush believed non-whites were white underneath, but they were stricken with a non-contagious form of leprosy which darkened their skin color. Rush drew the conclusion that "Whites should not tyrannize over [blacks], for their disease should entitle them to a double portion of humanity. However, by the same token, whites should not intermarry with them, for this would tend to infect posterity with the 'disorder'... attempts must be made to cure the disease.
The German anatomist Johann Blumenbach (1752–1840) was a believer in monogenism, the concept that all races have a single origin. He also believed in the "degeneration theory" of racial backgrounds. He said that Adam and Eve were Caucasian and that other races came about by degeneration from environmental factors, such as the sun and poor dieting and believed that the degeneration could be reversed if proper environmental control was taken and that all contemporary forms of man could revert to the original Caucasian race. According to Blumenbach, there are five races, all belonging to a single species: Caucasian, Mongolian, Ethiopian, American, and Malay. Blumenbach said: I have allotted the first place to the Caucasian because this stock displays the most beautiful race of men.
O.K. O.K., enough already! I told you it wasn't going to be pretty.
The beliefs these so-called scholars had is the single most reason why millions of Negroes were tortured, murdered and raped throughout history. Scientist published their findings as fact and people all over the world believed them.
But we wonder what the scientist would say if alive today with access to a computer, and visit Google to type in the key phrase "African immigrants in college" they would discover that these same Africans out-perform academically
every single race in America's colleges.
That's interesting, but what does it prove?
It proves that intelligence is not dependent on skin color or race, but instead access to education and a fertile mind to receive instruction. In America, slavery happened years ago but damaged and demoralized the fertile minds of many black Americans, and continues down to this day. There are some blacks who think of education and learning as a white thing and don't want anything to do with it, now if that's not an effect of slavery I don't know what is.
Doesn't It boggles the mind that these so-called superior, intelligent and civilized humans didn't for one time think to share their knowledge of enlightenment with the world so all could live a better life, be happy and progress? No, sadly these people chose to claim white superiority, to dominate and to kill weaker ones similar to the barbarian way of life they came. An example of this is with Colonialism.
What is Colonialism?
Colonialism is the establishment, exploitation, maintenance, acquisition, and expansion of colony in one territory by a political power from another territory. It is a set of unequal relationships between the colonial power and the colony and often between the colonists and the indigenous population.
In other words a much powerful nation sets up shop in a weaker nation by force and robs the resources and forces the natives to work as slaves for little or no pay while grossly benefiting from unequal trade activities while depositing profits to it's mother country.
Colonial rule in the Belgian Congo began in the late 19th century under King Leopold II
of Belgium. Leopold exploited the Congo for its natural resources, first ivory and later rubber which was becoming a valuable commodity. The regime in the Congo was responsible for using forced labor, murder and mutilation to force native Congolese
who did not fulfill quotas for rubber collections. It's estimated millions of Congolese
died during this time.
Colonialism demoralized the native population making Europe stronger and Africa weaker. Even though many white nations participated, non-Europeans nations included, the United Kingdom was the king in this horrible act against humanity.
Because of whites belief in science aided with their secondary faith in religion, they felt they were obligated to save and civilize the world. Google "White man's Burden" for proof of this belief, and by the way our United States President Teddy Roosevelt loved the White Man's Burden theory.
Whites tend to have a poor memory in regards to their crimes against humanity, but the other nations who suffered through it haven't forgotten, because just like the effects of slavery still lingers for blacks in America, people who suffered through colonialism still feel the pain and can see with their literal eye the destruction it left behind.
There isn't any denying that science has also helped make our lives better, but the responsibility that goes along with it is simply too much for humans to handle. Whites did not temper science with love and common sense. Just look around the world today, and you would probably agree we are on the brink of destruction with pollution, nuclear weapons, degradation of the earth, etc. are all products of science. The bad far outweigh the good.
Early science also taught Europeans it was man's nature to compete. In fact, they felt it was healthy and natural to compete to create superior human beings, especially white ones. This erroneous belief about competition would go on to be the largest difference in European and African cultures.
Whites brought these competitive qualities and attitudes with them from Europe. Africans were totally opposite because in their homeland everything was shared and done for the tribal community. There wasn't an I in Africa, it was US.
Blacks played an enormous role in the building of this country, even with hands tied behind their backs but were not welcome to participate. Whites felt that it just didn't look and feel right for blacks to be associated with superior whites in the building of America.
So white Americans kidnapped the U.S. Constitution and created laws (Jim Crow) to keep things entirely separate and achieved like crazy in all aspects of life, and boasting white superiority.
It has not been proven that competitiveness is better than teamwork. View this small list of words associated with competitiveness out of the dictionary and you'll have to agree this is the state of America today.
aggressive, brutal, cutthroat, every person for themselves, fierce, merciless, ruthless, unmerciful, vicious, voracious, without mercy,
adverse, alien, argumentative, belligerent, bitter, cold, contentious, contrary, disapproving, dour, hateful, ill-disposed, inhospitable,
inimical, malevolent, malicious, malignant, militant, nasty, ornery, pugnacious, rancorous, scrappy, sour, spiteful, unfriendly, unkind,
unpropitious, unsociable, unsympathetic, unwelcoming, viperous, warlike.
More and more blacks have developed this competitive and lofty spirit and probably will soon look down on others as well, even within our race. Ole Blue Eyes, who was a great singer and real American who viewed each human being as equal had an incredible grip on the situation about the division between blacks and whites. Check out what he said below.
One of the greatest entertainers of all times, Frank Sinatra once made a quote about the damaging effects of ones who subscribe to white superiority whether covertly or overtly.
"We've got a hell of a long way to go in this racial situation. As long as most white men think of a Negro first and a man second, we're in trouble. I don't know why we can't grow up."
Low-rise jeans and thong whale tail of the 2000s
Young woman in low-rise jeans
Nike Jordan Tennis Shoes
Men's baseball cap
| Fashions in 2002 |
The 2000s fashion are often described as being a "mash-up", where trends saw the fusion of previous styles, global and ethnic clothing (e.g. boho), as well as the fashions of numerous music-based subcultures. Hip-hop fashion generally was the most popular among young people, followed by the unisex indie look later in the decade.
When the 2000s kicked off, the fashion was profoundly influenced by technology. From late 1999 until late 2001, there was a monochromatic futuristic approach to fashion, with metallics, shiny blacks, heavy use of gray, straps, and buckles becoming commonplace. This was called "Y2K fashion". Particular pieces of Y2K clothing included mesh tops, box-pleated skirts, handkerchief tops, satin skirts, leather skirts, concert t-shirts with rhinestones, sparkling shoes, halter tops, and sequinned pants. Girl's fashion trends were oversized sunglasses, aviator sunglasses, oversized hoop earrings, jeans worn for numerous occasions (such as low-rise, boot-cut, fabric accents down the sides, fabric accents sewn into the flares, lace-up sides and tie-dye), wedge flip flops, hot pants, denim jackets, chunky sweaters, pashmina scarves, Skechers, belly shirts, and tube tops. Women wore long-sleeved shirts with bell sleeves, cowl-neck tops, crop tops, Burberry, hoodies, flare jeans, hip-huggers, low rise pants, white jeans, whale tails, cargo pants (especially ones made out of silk, satin, and velvet) hip-hop inspired sweatpants, daisy dukes, thong underwear, and solid bright-colored tights. These fashions remained popular well into the late 2000s. Popular accessories of the early 2000s include white belts, aviator sunglasses, trucker hats, hoop earrings, Mary Janes, leg warmers (worn with mini skirts), ugg boots, flip-flops, jelly shoes, lace-up sandals, newsboy caps, ponchos, and jelly bracelets.
At the very beginning of the decade, the excitement of entering the new millennium had become evident in fashion in the first couple of years, although this was only prominent in nightclub and "going out" attire. Clothing was mostly made in black, though silver was also fashionable. An example of this would be a tracksuit, a dress shirt, a pair of pants, a camp shirt, or a jacket in a fancy metallic pattern for going out; while also compromising of items such as leather coats and pants, puffy vests and jackets, ribbed sweaters and shirts, and chunky dress shoes, usually in futuristic colors such as black, silver, light gray, and white. After the events of 9/11, fashion became more conservative, forgoing the futuristic styles of before. Distressed denim made a comeback, with sandblasted highlights, frosted jeans, ripped jeans, and whiskering becoming commonplace. A lower rise jean had emerged during this part of the decade, effectively getting rid of the high-waisted styles of the 1990s. Light-colored polo shirts (sometimes striped and with collars popped), cargo pants (even ones made out of linen during warmer months), khaki chinos, bootcut jeans, corduroy pants, and rugby shirts. Practical hiking jackets (of the type made by Berghaus), fleeces, puffer jackets, and padded tartan lumberjack-type shirts were worn as winter outerwear along with brown, grey, burgundy, rust, maroon, or forest green turtleneck sweaters, and odd navy blue, stone grey, beige, or natural linen sportcoats that fastened with three buttons. These fashions continued into the mid and late 2000s. Men's Accessories of the early 2000s included white belts, Aviator sunglasses, trucker hats, flip-flops, oxford shoes, argyle socks, sneakers from brands such as Nike, Skechers, Adidas, and Puma, baseball caps (bearing the logos of football, soccer, basketball, and baseball teams), and jelly bracelets.
Youth fashion was strongly influenced by Hip-Hop. The clothing of American hip-hop fans underwent an evolution from the sagging baggy gangster jeans of the late 1990s to a more retro look by the end of the decade. Popular items of clothing included wide leg jeans, baseball jackets,Nike Air Jordans, tracksuits, sweatpants, bucket hats, stunna shades, fur-lined puffer jackets, and flat-brim trucker hats or baseball caps (often retaining the store label). During the early 2000s, many wealthy white jocks and preppies imitated the gangsta lifestyle, eschewing the semi-formal conservative look of the 1980s and 90s in favor of gold bling, expensive designer clothes, sneakers, dark jeans, and sweatpants.
For African-American men, the cornrows (popularized by former NBA player Allen Iverson) and buzz cut were a popular trend that continued into the early 2000s.
United States Census for African Americans
in the 2000s
Frederick Madison Roberts
| Our Community in 2002 |
Newsworthy Events in the Black Community:
- October 24, 2002 - Police arrest snipers John Allen Muhammad and Lee Boyd Malvo, ending the Beltway sniper attacks.
- 2002 - The former Mayor of Detroit, Dennis Archer becomes the first black to be elected President of the American Bar Association.
- A collection of Ragtime Musician Scott Joplin's own performances recorded on piano rolls in the 1900s (decade) was included by the National Recording Preservation Board in the Library of Congress National Recording Registry. The board annually selects songs that are "...culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".
- Frederick Madison Roberts was an American newspaper owner and editor, educator and business owner; he became a politician, the first known man of African American descent elected to the California State Assembly. On February 25, 2002 - The California State Senate honored Frederick Madison Roberts for his contributions and service to the State of California, with a unanimous vote for Senate Resolution 26, authored by Senator Ray Haynes (R-Riverside).
- 2000s - The United States Population is 281,421,906 with a total of 34,658,190 being African Americans.
#100 - Public Domain image -
By Jen Keys (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
#101 - Public Domain image -
By Jen Keys (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
#102 - Public Domain image -
#103 - Public Domain image -
William P. Gottlieb [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
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