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annual hamite award

OUR HAMITE AWARD WINNER FOR 1993:
Adelaide Louise Hall
    Adelaide Louise Hall was an American-born UK-based jazz singer and entertainer. Her long career spanned more than 70 years from 1921 until her death, and she was a major figure in the Harlem Renaissance.

    Hall entered the Guinness Book of World Records in 2003 as the world's most enduring recording artist having released material over eight consecutive decades.

    She performed with major artists such as Art Tatum, Ethel Waters, Josephine Baker, Louis Armstrong, Lena Horne, Cab Calloway, Fela Sowande, Rudy Vallee, and Jools Holland, and recorded as a jazz singer with Duke Ellington (with whom she made her most famous recording, "Creole Love Call" in 1927) and with Fats Waller.

    Adelaide Hall was born in Brooklyn, New York, to Elizabeth and Arthur William Hall and was taught to sing by her father. She began her stage career in 1921 on Broadway in the chorus line of the Noble Sissle, and Eubie Blake hit musical Shuffle Along and went on to appear in some similar black musical shows.

    In 1928, Hall starred on Broadway with Bill "Bojangles" Robinson in Blackbirds of 1928. The show became the most successful all-black show ever staged on Broadway at that time and made Hall and Bojangles into household names.

    Hall's performance of "Diga Diga Do", created a sensation. Her mother was so incensed when she went to see the show by her daughter performing what she termed 'risqué dance moves', she tried to stop the show during Adelaide's performance and banned her from appearing in any future performances. The ban only remained for one performance, and Adelaide returned the following day.

    It was this musical that not only secured Hall's success in the USA but also in Europe when the production was taken in 1929 to Paris, France, where it ran for four months at the Moulin Rouge. When Adelaide Hall arrived in Paris from America at the Gare Saint-Lazare she was greeted by a reception of fans and reporters that was reported to be as large as the response Charlie Chaplin had received two years earlier when he visited Paris.

    In 1931, Hall embarked on a world concert tour that visited two continents (America and Europe). The tour was estimated to have performed to more than one million people.

    In the fall of 1932, upon her return to New York, Hall, and her husband purchased the lease on an exclusive freehold residential estate in Larchmont in the New York suburb of Westchester County. As news of her arrival in Larchmont leaked into the local media, she began to encounter racist opposition from her white upper-middle-class prejudiced neighbors, who threatened court action to have Hall evicted. After her home was broken into and an attempt was made to set it alight, news of the attack hit national newspaper headlines.

    Show business wasn't the only thing on Adelaide's mind, she would dream of other things she wanted to do after leaving show business.

    Adelaide once commented in an interview:

    "When I retire from public life I shall resume my career as a modiste,' confided Miss Hall. 'As a kid, I longed for a stage career, and my first step towards this was to run away from school to try my luck behind the footlights. I was apprehended and sent back to school to continue my training as a modiste. Today, I am proud that I am more than an actress.

    Adelaide Hall was one of the major entertainers of the Harlem Renaissance. Along with Louis Armstrong, she pioneered scat singing and is widely acknowledged as one of the world's first jazz singers.

    Indeed, Ella Fitzgerald regarded her as such. Hall was the first female vocalist to sing and record with Duke Ellington. She holds the accolade of being the 20th century's most enduring female recording artist, her recording career having spanned eight decades. In 1941, Hall replaced Gracie Fields as Britain's highest paid female entertainer.

    Hall's career was almost an uninterrupted success.

    What an incredible career this woman had. She was the epitome of success, class, and elegance. This lady was the superstar of her day who didn't require sex to sell her persona. She was a true blue bonafide soul sister who remembered what and who she represented, she remembered what was at stake.

    Thank you, Adelaide, for setting such an excellent example for all that were watching you, and we watched you for over eight decades, talking about endurance. We proudly award you with the 1993 Hamite Award which is a token of our promise in never forgetting what you meant to our race of people.

    Superstar in every sense of the word. Amazing!

    Adelaide died on November 7, 1993, at age 92. She will never be forgotten.

    Sample Adelaide's Music

Adelaide Louise Hall
Adelaide Louise Hall
photo #111-yr-1901





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How were blacks feeling in 1993?
happy mood of blacks


welcome to the 90s



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blacks and basketball

Theodore Tiger Flowers
Theodore "Tiger" Flowers
photo #109-yr-1927

Reggie Jackson
Reggie Jackson
photo #100-yr-1993

Riddick Bowe
Riddick Bowe
photo #101-yr-1992

      Sports in 1993
  • Tiger Flowers was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 1993.

  • January 5, 1993 - Slugger Reggie Jackson is elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame.

  • February 6, 1993 - Riddick Bowe knocks out Michael Dokes in the first round for the heavyweight boxing title.

  • May 29, 1993 - Jose Canseco pitches the 8th inning in a 15-1 losing efort and in the process damages his arm.

  • July 13, 1993 - The All star Most Valuable Player award goes to Kirby Puckett of the Minnesota Twins.

  • October 23, 1993 - Joe Carter of the Toronto Blue Jays hits an amazing World Series winning walk-off home run against the Philadelphia Phillies.

  • November 6, 1993 - Boxer Evander Holyfield defeats Riddick Bowe in the 12th round for the heavyweight boxing title.

  • December 11, 1993 - The 59th Heisman Trophy Award went to Charlie Ward, a Florida State quarterback.



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Bill Clinton plays the saxophone
President Bill Clinton plays the saxophone presented to him by
Russian President Boris Yeltsin at a private dinner hosted
by President Yeltsin at Novoya Ogarova Dacha, Russia

photo #102-yr-1993

blacks and politics

President Bill Clinton
President Bill Clinton
photo #110-yr-1993

President George Bush
President George Bush
photo #110-yr-1989

      Political Scene in 1993
  • January 20, 1993 - Bill Clinton an American Democratic politician who served as the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001 was inaugurated into office. He previously served as Governor of Arkansas from 1979 to 1981 and 1983 to 1992, and as the state's Attorney General from 1977 to 1979.

  • 1993 - George Herbert Walker Bush, an American politician who served as the 41st President of the United States from 1989 to 1993. A Republican, he previously served as a congressman, an ambassador, and Director of Central Intelligence.

  • April 1, 1993 - Freeman Robertson Bosley Jr. is the first African American mayor of St. Louis, Missouri.

  • April 25, 1993 - Boris Yeltsin becomes leader of Russia.

  • August 13, 1993 - The United States Court of Appeals rules congress must save all e-mail.



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The Race Factor


racism

Race in 1993

  • January 18, 1993 - For the first time, Civil Rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. holiday is observed in all 50 states.

  • April 17, 1993 - Two Los Angeles police officers are convicted in a federal court of violating Rodney King's civil rights.



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slang and memorable quotes
black slang      sLANG tALK in the 1990s
  • Sup - What's up

  • Aiight - Alright, okay

  • All That - Complete package, not lacking

  • All that and a bag a chips - Complete

  • Bangin'/Slammin' - Got it going on

  • Beef - Trouble with someone

  • Beeotch - Bitch

  • Bling-Bling - Jewelry

  • The Bomb - Perfect, out of this world

  • Boo Ya! - In your face sucka

  • Bounce - To leave, go

  • Cha-Ching - Ring it up, gonna cost

  • Cheddar - Money, greenback

  • Chill Out - Relax

  • Chillin' - Relaxing

  • Churrin - Kids, children

  • Crib - The house, pad

  • Damn Skippy - You got that right!

  • Dawg - Friend, term of endearment

  • Dis - Disrepect

  • Dope - Super cool, badd

  • Down With That - In agreement

  • Fine - The best

  • Finna - About to do something

  • Fly - Cool, something good

  • Fresh - Brand new, cool, great

  • Hella - Emphasis

  • Hoochie - Fast, easy girl

  • Hood - Your neighborhood

  • It's all good - Everything is OK, under control

  • Jack You Up - Hurt you badly

  • Jet - Leave quickly

  • Let's Role - Leave

  • Math - Phone number

  • My Bad - My mistake, I'm sorry

  • O.G. - Original Ganster

  • Oh Snaps! - Oh yeah that's right!

  • Old School - Old way of doing things

  • Paper - Money

  • Phat - Cool

  • Pimpin - Correctly done

  • Po-po - Police

  • Scrub - A guy that's lacking

  • Straight - Telling the whole truth

  • Throw Down - Fight

  • Trippin - Worried about something

  • Vibe - Feeling

  • Wack - Terrible, not good

  • Wangsta - A fake ganster

  • Word - In agreement

  • Yayo - Money

  • Yo - Hello, short for "your"



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black Movies in America

Ellen Cleghorne
Ellen Cleghorne
photo #100-yr-1991

Mae Jemison
Mae Jemison
photo #103-yr-1993

     Television in 1993
    Television:
  • Ellen Cleghorne is an American actress and comedian, best known for being a cast member of Saturday Night Live from 1991 to 1995.

  • Lena Horne - A Different World ("A Rock, a River, a Lena" as herself, July 1993)

  • February 10, 1993 - Oprah Winfrey interviews Michael Jackson with an amazing 90 million people tuning in.

  • May 24, 1993 - "Second Chances" is a Star Trek episode starring African American Mae Jemison as the first real life astronaut to appear on the show.



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black school teacher

The year 1877 was the worst year for American Blacks

A good foundation means everything when attempting to build and the newly freed Negro just didn't have one. When slaves first tasted freedom in the emancipation, they wanted to assimilate into American culture very badly. They wanted to build and live their lives in harmony with their white American brothers.


There were over four million former slaves who were uneducated and illiterate without any life skills whatsoever. During slavery it was illegal and a felony for anyone caught teaching them to read and write. They were not independent like you and me, but depended on others to provide the necessities of life.


The United States government wanted to help the former slaves and assisted by providing Reconstruction aid which meant education, medical, housing, etc. Imagine the joy in these former slaves heart. The schools were consistently packed with Negroes trying to better themselves. Happiness was all around! Finally! Thank you America, we will prove we can do it! YEAH! This was the general attitude of the Negro.


Sadly, this joy was very short lived because the United States government stopped aid after a few short years because of pressure by racist whites. This totally uncaring and un-American decision was called the 1877 Compromise, with many Negroes calling it the 1877 Grand Betrayal.


Although the Negro was now free, he would have to make do the best way he knew how, without any help whatsoever from the government who put him in slavery in the first place. These people became downtrodden, uneducated nomads living in a hateful white racist world, and because of future laws (Jim Crow) further restricting their rights would remain this way until the 1960s Civil Rights movement.


A good foundation was not laid with blacks assimilation into American culture. Many blacks were understandably demoralized, angry and defeated for many years. The weaker ones continue to be so until this day and still hold a grudge that hurts themselves more than anybody else.


Now ones like Mr. Lewis who is pictured above understood his fantastic African American heritage, and the many examples of black success stories he went on to model his life after. This helped him because he had a good foundation to build on. Study your incredible history that's included in this website and grow because it really is a thing of extraordinary beauty.



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happy birthday

Keke Palmer
Keke Palmer
photo #104-yr-1993

     Famous Birthdays in 1993
  • February 3, 1993 - Mishon Ratliff  an American singer, dancer and actor.

  • March 4, 1993 - Bobbi Kristina Brown   was an American reality television and media personality, singer, and actress. She was the daughter of singers Bobby Brown and Whitney Houston, and her parents' fame kept Bobbi Kristina in the public eye, including her appearances on the reality show Being Bobby Brown.

  • March 20, 1993 - Sloane Stephens   an American professional tennis player.

  • May 21, 1993 - Joseph A. Ross an American professional baseball pitcher.

  • July 7, 1993 - Capital Steez was an African-American hip hop recording artist from Brooklyn, New York City, New York.

  • July 21, 1993 - Aaron Durley  a former Little League World Series baseball player known for his exceptional size.

  • August 1, 1993 - Leon G. Thomas III  an American actor, record producer, songwriter and singer who is signed to Columbia Records/Rostrum Records.

  • August 26, 1993 - Keke Palmer  an American actress, television presenter, singer, and songwriter.

  • September 20, 1993 - Taylor Parks  an American actress and singer-songwriter. She is best known for her role as Little Inez in the 2007 film Hairspray.

  • December 18, 1993 - Byron Keiron Buxton  an American professional baseball player. An outfielder, he currently plays in minor league baseball within the Minnesota.



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african americans and death

Claudia McNeil
Claudia McNeil
photo #104-yr-1917

Roy Campanella
Roy Campanella
photo #106-yr-1921

Adelaide Louise Hall
Adelaide Louise Hall
photo #111-yr-1901

 jazz musician and trumpeter Erskine Hawkins
Jazz musician and trumpeter Erskine Hawkins
photo #110-yr-1945

     Famous Deaths in 1993
  • January 2, 1993 - Valerie Wellington   was an African-American Chicago blues and electric blues singer and actress.

  • January 6, 1993 - Dizzy Gillespie was an African-American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, composer and occasional singer.

  • January 19, 1993 - Reginald F. Lewis  was an American businessman. He was the richest African-American man in the 1980s.

  • January 23, 1993 - Thomas Andrew Dorsey was known as "the father of black gospel music" and was at one time so closely associated with the field that songs written in the new style were sometimes known as "dorseys."

  • March 8, 1993 - Billy Eckstine was an American singer and a bandleader of the swing era.

  • May 11, 1993 - Minnie Gentry  was an American actress.

  • June 26, 1993 - Roy Campanella , nicknamed "Campy", was an American baseball player, primarily as a catcher. The Philadelphia native played for the Negro leagues and Mexican League for several seasons before moving into the minor leagues in 1946.

  • July 18, 1993 - Davis Roberts  was an American character actor whose career spanned six decades, from the late 1940s until his death in 1993.

  • November 7, 1993 - Adelaide Louise Hall was an American-born UK-based jazz singer and entertainer. Her long career spanned more than 70 years from 1921 until her death and she was a major figure in the Harlem Renaissance.

  • November 11, 1993 - Erskine Ramsay Hawkins was an American trumpet player and big band leader from Birmingham, Alabama, dubbed "The 20th Century Gabriel".

  • November 25, 1993 - Claudia McNeil was an American actress known for premiering the role of matriarch Lena Younger in both the stage and screen productions of A Raisin in the Sun.

  • December 16, 1993 - Moses Gunn  was an American actor. An Obie Award-winning stage player, he co-founded the Negro Ensemble Company in the 1960s.

  • December 18, 1993 - Steve James  was an American actor, stuntman and martial artist.

  • December 30, 1993 - Thomas Edison Alston   was a Major League Baseball first baseman who played for the St. Louis Cardinals from 1954 to 1957.



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green door to success

Did you know you came from an amazing race of people who cared for you? It's true. The amazing accomplishments of our ancestors are recorded on this website. Years ago as slaves it was illegal for slaves to read and write, and a felony for anyone caught teaching them.

The slavemaster wanted to keep them ignorant so they wouldn't organize and rebel against their authority. He was able to dominate blacks in this way. The slavemaster understood the power of education.

Sadly today too many of our own have not learned how truly important it is to learn. Some may look at education as a white thing and to pick up a book as a sellout. Has any ignorant person ever made you feel that way? If so, you should run away as fast as you can from a person like this. You will meet him in a few years while he's pushing a shopping cart around town.

Education and learning are not white; it's a gift for all humanity. Read at all cost; it will add a new dimension to your life, bringing a whole new world you never knew existed. Your ancestors made it all possible for you.

green door to success




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 american standards



Will more blacks adopt the American standard?

Maybe it's time to send the old Negro standard to the black museum



In America's beginning, immigrants from Europe had the incredible opportunity to live a better life and perhaps become rich beyond their wildest dreams. This was a hope that had never existed for regular everyday people in the entire history of man.


In contrast, Africans were sold into slavery, mostly by their governments and forced to travel to America as slaves. For them, this was not a dream, but an atrocious nightmare. The opportunity didn't exist for the vast majority of blacks to make a better life for themselves.


 slaves


Once in America, these Europeans would eventually band together to focus on a common enemy, the black-skinned negro. This banding together against the blacks made whites stronger, and blacks weaker.


Some of these whites were very vocal in their dislike for black people, calling them bad names such as savages, animals, wild beast, ignorant, etc., and others were indifferent, choosing to remain on the sidelines by remaining silent. But they were just as guilty for allowing democracy to be trampled.


Even though professing to be the most intelligent compassionate creatures on earth, they couldn't understand how their actions would undermine everything America was supposed to represent. They became terrible guardians of hope and justice in a new and civilized world.


After slavery was finally outlawed in America, it was replaced with another oppression just as worse in the form of Jim Crow laws. These laws regulated blacks to 2nd class citizenship. These laws made blacks feel like they were not a part of the American process, and made many feel worthless as human beings and lacking in self-confidence.


But after the 60s civil rights movement, blacks started to slowly come around and take what belonged to them regarding good jobs, moving to nicer neighborhoods, etc. But still faced a white power structure at the job and at home that failed to recognize them as real American brothers. Even though new Civil Rights laws were in place, blacks still faced an uphill battle every day, but now in the form of a silent hate, called covert racism.


It's a situation that still exist in America.


Especially before the sixties, blacks were excluded in all aspects of American living by whites. Thus the need to create a black way of doing things became necessary. Many blacks in those days took pride in being different from white America. We felt that if whites didn't want anything to do with us professionally or socially, we didn't want anything to do with them.


 slaves


So, we spoke our language using jive talk and slang and created special handshakes when greeting one another. We designed our style of colorful clothes and fashioned our hair differently. We ate our style of soul food.


These were all great and original African-American inventions that we needed for our own identity and kept us with a measure of sanity in a racist and vile America.


These inventions were considered being hep/ hip by all, and if a black person didn't practice these Negro standards, they would be regarded as a sell-out or trying to act white.


Blacks were very smart to invent the Negro standard, so what's the problem?


The problem began after the Civil Rights movement of the 60s. It was now legal for blacks to achieve equality in America as much as our hearts desired. We now had the law on our side. Even though this was still not a guarantee to eliminate racism and exclusion, it would make our fight a little easier.


But sadly, many blacks were not prepared and attempted to bring the old Negro standard way of doing things into the American mainstream. There was an immediate culture clash. Whites didn't know anything about black Americans and became afraid and filled with even more hate towards them because now they had to share America equally.


Now with the law on our side, you would think that blacks would have run to the schools and colleges to educate themselves. But many were afraid of the white power structure because it was very intimidating.


But not to the black woman. She knew the only way to win this struggle was to fight fire with fire, by becoming better educated. She attended school and learned all she could, and quickly realized she was just as smart if not smarter than whites. She then went out to fight.


She was victorious and continues to be so today.


The black male didn't put up a good fight like the female because he was intimidated by the hate other races directed towards him and chose to live a life of running game and boy-like behavior to make his living. Also, the black man didn't want to abide by the America standard way of doing things because he still considered it an enemy.


The result was that many of our people got left behind by not successfully making the distinction between white people and the American standard. These are two different things, and that needs repeating. These are two separate things and are easily confused as being the same. White people don't own the American standard, and they don't control it. White people knew blacks get hung up on this stumbling block and discouraged us at every step.


There would be many blacks who gauged and jumped this obstacle, but far too many quit or didn't even try. The successful ones would go on to make a nice living and provide for their families and care less about racist whites and their hate for us, or the foolish blacks who would say bad things about them for acting white. To this very day, it remains a difficult thing for blacks to give up the old negro way of thinking.


    For example, we are not acting white if we.......

  • We live in America and are Americans. English is our nations official language. It's the American standard to speak proper English, and not only for white people. It's for yellow, brown, red and all Americans.


  • America is a civilized country and at the moment the best in the world. Its citizens are courteous and considerate to one another. This is not a white thing. It's the American standard.


  • The American standard teaches us to take care of our families and handle our business as responsible adults, which is not a white thing to practice, but an American thing to do.


  • To attend school and shoot for the stars to better ourselves is not a white thing, it's expected of all Americans to keep the country smarter and stronger which once again goes to the American standard category, not white people category.


 american standards



If we try to take our old way of thinking out in public or to the workplace, we surely will be met with problems. It won't work. Other races don't understand our old negro standard and will become annoyed or offended, just like we would if in a group of people and couldn't understand what they were doing or saying. This is why the old Negro standard and American standard cannot exist side by side.


Refusal to depart from the old Negro standard is one reason we still have black slums, living near poverty, low self-esteem and every other negative we can think. The Negro standard at one time served a necessary purpose but now holds us back as a race. It's time to put the Negro standard in a black museum. It's outdated.


Give up the swag?


But let's make one thing clear, it's not advocated giving up the music, fried chicken, chitterlings, corn bread and collard greens or even the swag that took years to perfect. There are a place and time for everything. No, that's not the point. The point is always to exercise common sense when dealing with other races and remain cognizant of the American standard.


There will still be plenty of hate to face us.


Yes, there will be, but it's better to have success and be hated than to be unsuccessful and hated. A word of caution though. There are many of our people who hate us also and would love if we still lived in the old Negro standard.


Do you believe that successful blacks have a moral obligation to help its people? Our ancestors thought so. They understood the path for success and continually stressed education and living within the American standard as the only way to achieve that.


Today, we don't have our ancestors to look up to for advice. But believe it or not, singers, entertainers, rappers and sports athletes have taken their place. Most blacks give these people the top priority and will follow their every word, frequently ignoring their education, and buying their product. The question becomes, are these people for their own needs or are they instructing the black community to embrace the American standard?


 american standards





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deceased hip-hop artist
  • DJ Subroc (1973–1993) was an English born American hip hop artist and a member of KMD, Constipated Monkey, and Monsta Island Czars. DJ SubRoc died in 1993 after being hit by a car while attempting to cross the Long Island Expressway.

  • Charles Hicks (July 6, 1973 – December 16, 1993) also known by his stage name Charizma was an MC from Milpitas, California. He is most known for his work with Peanut Butter Wolf; the two of them formed a duo together, but their music was cut short when Charizma was murdered in late 1993.



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Mariah Carey
Mariah Carey
photo #115-yr-1990

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african americans and weddings

Randall Cunningham
Randall Cunningham
photo #105-yr-1993

     Famous Weddings in 1993
  • June 5, 1993 - Mariah Carey  and Tommy Mottola were married.

  • June 26, 1993 - Ronald Isley and Angela Winbush were married.

  • June 26, 1993 - Marcus Allen and Kathryn Eickstaedt were married.

  • December 30, 1993 - Deni Hines and Kirk Pengilly were married.

  • 1993 - Dennis Rodman and Annie Banks were married.

  • 1993 - John Salley and Natasha Duffy were married.

  • 1993 - Vanessa Williams and Andre Wiseman were married.

  • 1993 - Sugar Ray Leonard and Bernadette Robi were married.

  • 1993 - Randall Cunningham and Felicity De Jager were married.

  • 1993 - Darryl Strawberry and Charisse Strawberry were married.



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famous african american divorces

     Famous Divorces in 1993
  • April 1993 - Lenny Kravitz and Lisa Bonet were divorced.

  • August 9, 1993 - Lionel Richie and Brenda Harvey-Richie were divorced.

  • 1993 - Gayle King and William Bumpus were divorced.

  • 1993 - Dennis Rodman and Annie Banks were divorced.

  • 1993 - Nell Carter and Roger Larocque were divorced.



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soul train
Soul Train ran from 1971-2006
photo #109-yr-1971

Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
photo #101-yr-1958

Charley Pride
Charley Pride
photo #114-yr-1977

James Brown
James Brown
photo #103-yr-1933

Whitney Houston
Whitney Houston
photo #101-yr-1985

Janet Jackson
Janet Jackson
photo #104-yr-1994

Mariah Carey
Mariah Carey
photo #115-yr-1990

 Natalie Cole
Natalie Cole
photo #110-yr-1975

Rufus and Chaka
Rufus and Chaka
photo #115-yr-1979

     Music in 1993

  Billboard Top Soul Hits:
  • "I Will Always Love You" Whitney Houston

  • "Hip Hop Hooray" Naughty By Nature

  • "Nuthin' But a 'G' Thang" Dr. Dre

  • "Freak Me" Silk

  • "That's the Way Love Goes" Janet Jackson

  • "Knockin' Da Boots" H-Town

  • "Weak" SWV

  • "Whoomp! (There It Is)" Tag Team

  • "Lately" Jodeci

  • "Check Yo Self" Ice Cube featuring Das EFX

  • "Right Here/Human Nature" SWV

  • "Just Kickin' It" Xscape

  • "Gangsta Lean" DRS

  • "Can We Talk" Tevin Campbell



  Popular Soul Dances:
  • The Hammer

  • Electric Slide

  • The Carlton

  • The Jiggy

  • Tootsee Roll

  • Rump Shaker

  • Da Dip

  • The Butterfly

  • The Funky Charleston

  • Macrena

  • The Humpy Dance



  Musical Happenings in 1993:
  • Kirk Franklin's "Why We Sing", from the album Kirk Franklin & the Family, becomes a popular music phenemonen.

  • Shaquille O'Neal, a well-known basketball player, begins his music career. He will be the most commercially successful athlete to have a long-term musical career.

  • James Brown received a Lifetime Achievement Award at the 4th annual Rhythm & Blues Foundation Pioneer Awards.

  • May 1, 1993 - Charley Pride accepted an invitation to join the Grand Ole Opry, in the process becoming the first black Opry regular in the show's more than 70-year history.

  • June 22, 1993 - Soul singer Wilson Pickett plead guilty to drunk driving and assault.

  • October 31, 1993 - Popular rapper Tupac Shakur is charged with aggravated assault.



 Blues Hall of Fame for 1993:
    The Blues Hall of Fame is a music museum located in Memphis, Tennessee. Until recently, the "Blues Hall of Fame" was not a physical building, but a listing of people who have significantly contributed to blues music. Started in 1980 by the Blues Foundation, it honors those who have performed, recorded, or documented blues. The actual building for the hall opened to the public on May 8, 2015

  • Champion Jack Dupree
  • Lowell Fulson


 American Music Awards winners in: 1993
    The 20th Annual American Music Awards were held on January 25, 1993. It was hosted by Bobby Brown, Gloria Estefan and Wynonna Judd. Since Michael Jackson was the first artist awarded with the International Artist Award, Eddie Murphy announced that it will be called as the Michael Jackson International Artist Award.

    Favorite Pop/Rock Male Artist
  • Michael Jackson

  • Favorite Pop/Rock Female Artist
  • Mariah Carey

  • Favorite Pop/Rock Single
  • "End of the Road" - Boyz II Men

  • Favorite Pop/Rock Album
  • Dangerous - Michael Jackson

  • Favorite Soul/R&B Male Artist
  • Michael Jackson

  • Favorite Soul/R&B Female Artist
  • Patti LaBelle

  • Favorite Soul/R&B Band, Duo, or Group
  • Boyz II Men

  • Favorite Soul/R&B Album
  • Funky Divas - En Vogue

  • Favorite Soul/R&B Single
  • "Remember the Time" - Michael Jackson

  • Favorite Soul/R&B New Artist
  • Kris Kross

  • Favorite Rap/Hip-Hop Artist
  • Sir Mix-A-Lot

  • Favorite Rap/Hip-Hop New Artist
  • Kriss Kross

  • Favorite Adult Contemporary Album
  • Unplugged - Mariah Carey



 Grammy winners in 1993:
    The 35th Annual Grammy Awards were held in 1993. They recognized accomplishments by musicians from the previous year.

    Best New Artist
  • Arrested Development


  • Best Instrumental Composition
  • Benny Carter (composer) for Harlem Renaissance Suite


  • Best Song Written Specifically for a Motion Picture or Television
  • for Beauty and the Beast performed by Peabo Bryson & Céline Dion


  • Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocal(s)
  • Johnny Mandel (arranger) for Here's to Life performed by Shirley Horn


  • Best Traditional Soul Gospel Album
  • Shirley Caesar for He's Working It Out For You


  • Best Contemporary Soul Gospel Album
  • Mervyn E. Warren (producer) for Handel's Messiah - A Soulful Celebration performed by various artists


  • Best Gospel Album by a Choir or Chorus
  • Edwin Hawkins


  • Best Historical Album
  • for The Complete Capitol Recordings of The Nat "King" Cole Trio


  • Best Jazz Instrumental Solo
  • Joe Henderson for Lush Life


  • Best Jazz Instrumental Performance, Individual or Group
  • Branford Marsalis for I Heard You Twice the First Time


  • Best Large Jazz Ensemble Performance
  • McCoy Tyner for The Turning Point


  • Best Jazz Vocal Performance
  • Bobby McFerrin for 'Round Midnight


  • Best Album Package
  • Compact performed by Paula Abdul


  • Best Album Notes
  • The Atlantic Recordings performed by Aretha Franklin


  • Producer of the Year (Non-Classical)
  • Babyface & L.A. Reid


  • Best R&B Vocal Performance, Female
  • Chaka Khan for The Woman I Am


  • Best R&B Vocal Performance, Male
  • Al Jarreau for Heaven and Earth


  • Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal
  • Boyz II Men for 'End of the Road'


  • Best R&B Instrumental Performance
  • Miles Davis for Doo-Bop


  • Best Rhythm & Blues Song
  • Babyface, L.A. Reid & Daryl Simmons (songwriters) for 'End of the Road' performed by Boyz II Men


  • Best Rap Solo Performance
  • Sir Mix-a-Lot for Baby Got Back


  • Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group
  • Arrested Development for Tennessee


  • Best Reggae Album
  • Shabba Ranks for X-tra Naked


  • Best Spoken Word or Non-musical Album
  • Earvin "Magic" Johnson & Robert O'Keefe for What You Can Do to Avoid AIDS


  • MusiCares Person of the Year
  • Natalie Cole




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why do others dislike black people

good black americans
"It is worthy of emphasis, that the antiquity of the Negro race is beyond dispute. His brightest days were when history was an infant; and, since he early turned from God, he has found the cold face of hate and the hurtful hand of the Caucasian against him."   George Washington Williams


Dislike of black people is a relatively new phenomenon that started after the 16th century. Before this time there wasn't a thing such as racial prejudices. If color issues did arise, it was an infrequent occurrence. It's hardly mentioned in history books. For the most part, skin color was not a factor.




In fact, it's well documented how the early Greek philosophers who were all white, Socrates, Herodotus, Thales, Alexander the Great, Aristotle among others happily mingled with the blacks. Africa was known as the learning capital of the world, and many philosophers traveled to Africa to study about everything from philosophy to mathematics. Pythagoras is believed to have made it the furthest, having studied in Kemet for 23 years.


The Greek Poet Homer was one of those travelers and made the following statement:
"In ancient times the blacks were known to be so gentle to
strangers that many believed that the gods sprang from them.
Homer sings of the Ocean, father of the gods; and says that
when Jupiter wishes to take a holiday, he visits the sea,
and goes to the banquets of the blacks,--a people humble,
courteous, and devout."

Mr. Reade http://www.gutenberg.org/files/15735/15735.txt


Black people had a good reputation for being intelligent, kind and hospitable and enjoying an advanced civilization that the Greeks envied. If alive today, Greek scholars would find it surprising how a person might believe in superiority simply because of skin color.


science failed humanity


What happened?


    History makes the answer easy. After the 16th century, race became an issue for whites because of three dynamics. Greed, science, and white history (legacy).

  • Greed
  • The trans-Atlantic slave trade was about greed. Free black labor aided in making Europeans countries and America very rich on the backs of black slaves. This created animosity between the blacks and whites.

  • Erroneous science theories
  • The introduction of false science teaching aided European and Americans in abandoning their conscience, because science didn't require one. Early Western philosophy advocated peace and treating all men with respect, but subsequent white generations did the opposite. Whites started to feel like gods themselves with their advancements in science and began to exhibit hubris, which is a Greek word denoting overconfident pride combined with arrogance. In other words, their heads became too big.

  • Incomplete history recording
  • Eurocentric history is always portrayed as the centerpiece of world history. African history was habitually erased by invading troops to eliminate its contributions and accomplishments to the world while preserving their European legacy. White history regularly portrays Africa as a wasteland full of ignorant savages, but current excavations prove the opposite. Africa was a developed continent with advanced civilizations just as good as Europe if not better.

Not to pick on white people, but it's entirely accurate they made our co-existence on this earth a race issue. This developed scorn or dislike they have for blacks continues down to our day.


Listed below are a few of the so-called geniuses who got the ball rolling in pitting white against black.

science failed humanity



Not one ounce of truth could be found in what these early scientists preached as fact. Modern science doesn't agree with them. But guess what? There's still a lot of people who believe in this ridiculous white superiority crap, either conscious or unconsciously, which doesn't say much for the intelligence of these people.


Believe it or not, this is one reason a lot of whites dislike blacks today. It's not rare to hear about media services about blacks being called derogatory names associated with past world history.


science failed humanity


So to honestly answer the question above "Why do many in America dislike black people?" At this point, it's because they want to.



Resources:

Thomas Wentworth Higginson, a white officer in the Union army had the task of training colored soldiers in the Civil War. He kept a diary for our enjoyment today. (click here)

George W. Williams - History of the Negro Race in America From 1619 to 1880. (click here)

Europeans Come to Western Africa - (click here)

The Characteristics of the Negro People - (click here)



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womens fashion
Young woman wearing a spaghetti strap top, a silver necklace, and straight-leg jeans
photo #111-yr-1990

mens fashion
Double breasted power suit with large shoulder pads
photo #112-yr-1990

 Converse All-Stars
A classic dark blue pair of Converse All-Stars resting on the Black & White Ed. Shoebox
photo #109-yr-1990

 Slap bracelets
Slap bracelets
photo #110-yr-1990

hairstyles in the 1980s
Jheri curl hairstyle worn in the 80s and 90s.
photo #108-yr-1980


A medium-length hi-top fade haircut
photo #100-yr-1985

     Fashions and Styles in 1993

  Popular Fashions:

    Women:
    The early 1990s saw a continuation of late 1980s fashion: women wore denim button down shirts, leggings, drainpipe jeans, colored tights, bike shorts, black leather jackets with shoulder pads, and skater dresses. Popular accessories included court shoes, cowboy boots, headscarves, leggings, slouch socks, Keds, ballet flats, and penny loafers. Leotards worn as tops with jeans were popular with young girls, teens, college girls, young women and women. A common outfit was to wear a skirt, dress shorts, babydoll or minidress with black opaque tights, white slouch socks and white sneakers especially Keds. Women's fashion in the mid 1990s became more feminine and form-fitting. Women tended to dress differently for each occasion. Both long and short skirts were favored, and loungewear generally consisted of leggings, large T-shirts, and baggy sweaters while at home or relaxing during the weekends.The most common look among young women was the short black slip dress worn over a tight, undersized white T-shirt. Among other fashion trends included lean pants, hot pants, black Lycra leggings, belted trench coats, and leather. Popular shoes and accessories during the mid-1990s included Wonderbra, Loafers, Mary Janes, suede sneakers, mules, clogs, knee high boots, jelly shoes, Go-go boots, black shoes, silver jewelry, dainty earrings and necklaces, conch shell necklaces,Slap bracelets, berets, straw hats, floppy hats, gold jewelry, and hipster belts. Navel piercings had started to gain popularity around this time.


    Men:
    Continuing on from the late 1980s, many young men wore tapered high waisted jeans with matching denim jackets, Stone Island or Ralph Lauren polo shirts with contrasting collars, short Harrington jackets, brightly colored windcheaters, Hush Puppies shoes, V neck sweaters, soccer shorts, pastel colored three button sportcoats, graphic print T shirts, tracksuit tops with a vertical contrasting stripe down the sleeve, sweatpants, shiny red or blue rayon monkey jackets, grey or tan leather jackets with shoulder pads, and wool baseball jackets with contrasting sleeves. Short shorts were popular in the early years of the decade, but were replaced with looser and baggier basketball shorts after 1993 when hip-hop fashion went mainstream. Hip-hop fashion went mainstream in 1995, with oversized baseball jackets, baggy jeans, bomber jackets, Baja Jackets, and tracksuits popular among young men as casual wear. Simultaneously, industrial and military styles crept into mainstream fashion, with machinery pieces becoming accessories. Baseball caps started being worn forwards again. Southern hip hop provided a platform for Fashion designers and musical artists to collaborate forming an influential subculture of anti fashion and alternative fashion designs, especially the popular recycled clothing worn by Arrested Development and Goodie Mob. Black leather reefer jackets and trenchcoats were also fashionable in the late 1990s.


    Hairstyles:
    The Jheri curl often spelled Jerry curl or Jeri Curl is a permed hairstyle that was common and popular among African American, Black Canadian, and Black British, especially during the 1980s and the 1990s. Invented by the hairdresser Jheri Redding, the Jheri curl gave the wearer a glossy, loosely curled look. It was touted as a "wash and wear" style that was easier to care for than the other popular chemical treatment of the day, the relaxer. A hi-top fade is a style of haircut where hair on the sides is cut off or kept very short while hair on the top of the head is very long (in contrast, a low fade is a style where hair on the top is kept shorter). It was common among young black people between 1985 and 1993. For African-American men, the cornrows (popularized by former NBA player Allen Iverson) and buzz cut were a popular trend that continued into the early 2000s.



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crack in the black communtiy



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United States Census for Negroes
United States Census for African Americans
in the 1990s

Joe Louis
Joe Louis
photo #107-yr-1914

Timmie Rogers
Comedian Timmie Rogers
photo #105-yr-1948

Dorothy Irene Height
Dorothy Height
photo #108-yr-1957

Clyde McPhatter
Clyde McPhatter
photo #111-yr-1932

Our Community in 1993
Newsworthy Events in the Black Community:

  • February 23, 1993 - Gary Coleman wins a $1,280,000 lawsuit against his own parents for mismanagement.

  • February 19, 1993 - Black beauty Kenya Moore of Michigan is crowned the 42nd Miss USA

  • September 7, 1993, Joycelyn M. Elders becomes the first African-American and the first woman to be named United States Surgeon General. Trivia:  Elders drew fire - and censure from the Clinton administration - when she suggested that legalizing drugs might help reduce crime and that the idea should be studied. Around one week after making these comments, charges were filed against her son Kevin, for selling cocaine in an incident involving undercover officers, four months prior. Elders believes the incident was a frame-up and the timing of the charges was designed to embarrass her and the president. Kevin Elders was convicted, and he was sentenced to 10 years in prison. He appealed his conviction to the Arkansas Supreme Court, and that court reaffirmed the conviction. The court held that Mr. Elders failed to show that he was entrapped into making the narcotics sale. There was no further appeal.

  • October 7, 1993 - Toni Morrison becomes the first African American to win the Nobel Prize in Literature.

  • 1993 - Fighter Joe Lewis became the first boxer to be honored on a postage stamp issued by the U.S. Postal Service.

  • 1993 - The United States Postal Service issued a stamp in rhythm-and-blues, soul and rock-and-roll singer Clyde McPhatter's honor.

  • 1993 - Dorothy Height wins Franklin Delano Roosevelt Freedom From Want Award.

  • 1993 - Dorothy Height inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame.

  • 1993 - Dorothy Height wins Spingarn Medal from the NAACP.

  • 1993 - Comedian Timmie Rogers whose humor was clean, topical, and political was inducted into the National Comedy Hall of Fame in 1993.

  • 1990s - The United States Population is 248,709,878 with a total of 29,986,060 being African Americans.




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african americans and religion


How did religion begin for the American Negro?

Well, it was an exciting journey for sure, but as usual, we have to go back into history for the likely answer. Before arriving in America as slaves, generally speaking, our ancestors practiced a religion which included fetishism.

What is fetishism you may ask?


 Traditional  Benin Voodoo Dance
Traditional Benin Voodoo Dance

Fetishism is a man-made object (such as the doll aound the lady's neck in the picture) that is thought to have power over others. Africans were extremely superstitious in their native land.

But once exposed to religious teachers in America, quickly left their superstitious past behind them, and would frown upon new arrivals of Africans who practiced fetishism in religion.

In Europe, the Roman Catholic Church had lost their grip on people with their questionable religious practices. There were many who thought the Church was wrong and formed a protest or a Protestant Reformation that resulted in the creation of tons of different religions with their doctrines and teachings claiming to be Christian.


Religion definition:
A religion is an organized collection of beliefs, cultural systems,
and world views that relate humanity to an order of existence.



Episcopal, Jesuits, Methodists, Protestant, Anglican, Lutheranism, Calvinism, Presbyterianism, Wesleyanism were all against Roman Catholic teachings.

But there would be a new religion on the horizon for humanity that went by the name of science. The introduction of science was in many ways entirely different than Christianity because it taught man to believe and rely on himself and his creations, rather than on a Supreme Being he couldn't see.

Faith is something foreign and unbelievable to a scientist. Also, this new form of religion would give these believers complete moral authority to do as they wished without a guilty conscience or retribution from a Surpreme Being.

This is what made slavery right or moral in the eyes of so many whites because new science taught that whites were superior and blacks inferior. The theory of evolution is another example in clear teaching that the world exists because of a big bang instead of being created, and also man evolved from apes rather than being created.

Do you believe in Evolution? If so, evolution is your religion because mainstream religion and evolution just don't jive, it's either one or the other.

During slavery, most of the first black congregations and churches were founded by free blacks, but slaves learned about Christianity by attending services led by a white preacher or supervised by a white person. Slaveholders often held prayer meetings at their plantations. Methodist and Baptist were the preferred choices of slaves because of its message.

But after slavery blacks were still restricted in the white churches so what they did next is not a surprise. They began to form their churches free from white rulership and exclusion, but kept the doctrine and teachings, but of course with a more lively twist (singing and dancing). It's clear they still had African culture in their hearts. This would mark the beginning of a new American creation, the black church.


The following is a very brief history of religion in Black America:


Pentacostal -
 Pentacostal Movement
    William Seymour
William J. Seymour - photo#111-yr-2015

Charles Fox Parham an independent holiness evangelist who believed strongly in divine healing, was an important figure in the emergence of Pentecostalism as a distinct Christian movement. But it wasn't until one of his black students named William J. Seymour learned these teaching and took it back to California with him that the Pentecostal movement took off like wildfire.

Seymour's preaching sparked the famous three-year-long Azusa Street Revival in 1906. Worship at the racially integrated Azusa Mission featured an absence of any order of service. (whites would later dislike this) People preached and testified as moved by the Spirit, spoke and sung in tongues, and fell in the Spirit. Blacks whites and other races would attend these services. But there was a matter of Jim Crow to be kept in mind that made it illegal for blacks and whites to mix.

So whites broke away from Seymour and began their Pentecostal churches. It's a fact that the beginning of the widespread Pentecostal movement in the United States is considered to have started with one-eyed black preacher William J. Seymour's Azusa Street Revival.




The Church Of God in Christ (COGIC) -
 The Church Of God in Christ baptism
Church Of God in Christ Baptism
photo#112-yr-2015

The Church Of God in Christ was formed in 1897 by a group of disfellowshiped Baptists, most notably Charles Price Jones (1865–1949) and Charles Harrison Mason (1866–1961) and is a Pentecostal Christian denomination with a predominantly African-American membership. It ranks as the largest Pentecostal denomination and the fifth largest Christian denomination in the U.S. Evangelical Baptist, and Methodist preachers traveled throughout the South in the Great Awakening of the late 18th century and appealed directly to slaves, and a few thousand slaves converted. Early COGIC leaders were very much attracted by the Pentecostal message and would break from the Baptist for this reason.



A.M.E. Church -
The African Methodist Episcopal Church, usually called the A.M.E. Church, is a predominantly African-American Methodist denomination based in the US. It is the oldest independent Protestant denomination founded by blacks in the world. It was founded by the Rt. Rev. Richard Allen in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1816 from several black Methodist congregations in the mid-Atlantic area that wanted independence from white Methodists.



Baptists -
Baptists are individuals who comprise a group of denominations and churches that subscribe to a doctrine that baptism should be performed only for professing believers (believer's baptism, as opposed to infant baptism) and that it must be done by complete immersion (as opposed to affusion or sprinkling). Other tenets of Baptist churches include soul competency (liberty), salvation through faith alone, Scripture alone as the rule of faith and practice, and the autonomy of the local congregation. Baptists recognize two ministerial offices, pastors, and deacons. Baptist churches are widely considered to be Protestant churches, though some Baptists disavow this identity.



Islam -
An adherent of Islam is called a Muslim. Jews felt like they were chosen people who were promised a land filled with milk and honey, a holy land. This promise was made to Abraham and his seed. Abraham's wife Sarah had trouble conceiving children so to keep the promise alive and in the family she chose Hagar who was an Egyptian handmaid to have sexual relations with Abraham to bear a son, which is what they did. This son's name was Ishmael.

But something happened later that would throw things into a tizzy. At a very old age Sarah was now able to have kids and bore a son named Isaac.

Now here's the problem. Does the promise belong to Sarah's son or Hagar's son? Sarah felt it belonged to her bloodline, so she sent Hagar and Ishmael into the wilderness for them to die. But guess what? They didn't die. Muhammad who was the final prophet sent by God as identified in the Quran was born within Ishmael's seed line.

So even to this day these two groups don't care for each other.




Science -
This religion by far has proven to be the most destructive for humankind. Its users have created a world of me, me, me, by magnifying themselves, sincerely believing they are all of that and a bag of chips. Also the belief that spirited competition is healthy and useful. Win at all cost! The survival of the fittest theory. Many genocides were accomplished in the name of science. It teaches us that man originates from apes, (many blacks lost their life because of this false teaching) the earth was created from nothing and in essence humans are their gods. The bad far outweighs the good with the practice of science. Just look around.


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RESOURCES:


Text_of_Creative_Commons_Attribution-ShareAlike_3.0_Unported_License


#100 -   Public Domain image -
By MLB and the New York Yankees [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

#101 -   Public Domain image -
By Bob McNeely, The White House [1] [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

#102 -   Public Domain image -
By Bob McNeely, January 13, 1994 - Courtesy of the White House [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

#103 -   Public Domain image -
By National Aeronautics and Space Administration ([1][2]) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

#104 -   Public Domain image -
By Cropped from U.S. Air Force photo by Dave Bowers [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

#105 -   Public Domain image -
By Justvikings (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons


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