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annual hamite award

OUR HAMITE AWARD WINNER FOR 1983:
Earl "Fatha" Hines
    Earl Kenneth Hines, universally known as Earl "Fatha" Hines was an American jazz pianist and bandleader. He was one of the most influential figures in the development of jazz piano and, according to one major source, is "one of a small number of pianists whose playing shaped the history of jazz."

    Trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie, a member of the Earl Hines big band along with Charlie Parker, wrote, "The piano is the basis of modern harmony. This little guy came out of Chicago, Earl Hines.

    He changed the style of the piano. You can find the roots of Bud Powell, Herbie Hancock, all the guys who came after that. If it hadn't been for Earl Hines blazing the path for the next generation to come, it's no telling where or how they would be playing now. There were individual variations, but the style of ... the modern piano came from Earl Hines."

    Pianist Lennie Tristano said, "Earl Hines is the only one of us capable of creating real jazz and real swing when playing all alone." Horace Silver said, "He has a unique style. No one can get that sound, no other pianist". Erroll Garner said, "When you talk about greatness, you talk about Art Tatum and Earl Hines."

    Each summer, Hines toured his whole band for three months, including through the South the first black big-band to do so. He explained, "when we traveled by train through the South, they would send a porter back to our car to let us know when the dining room was cleared, and then we would all go in together. We couldn't eat when we wanted to. We had to eat when they were ready for us.

    In 1931, Earl Hines and his Orchestra "were the first big Negro band to travel extensively through the South". Hines referred to it as an "invasion" rather than a "tour." Between a bomb exploding under their band stage in Alabama (" ...we didn't none of us get hurt but we didn't play so well after that either") and numerous threatening encounters with the Police, the experience proved so harrowing that Hines in the 1960s recalled that, "You could call us the first Freedom Riders". For the most part, any contact with whites, even fans, was viewed as dangerous. Finding places to eat or stay overnight entailed a constant struggle. The only non-musical 'victory' that Hines claimed was winning the respect of a clothing-store owner who initially treated Hines with derision until it became clear that Hines planned to spend $85 on shirts, "which changed his whole attitude."

    Sounds like combat duty! There are some crazy people in the world.

    It is with great pleasure we honor the great Earl "Fatha" Hines with the 1983 Hamite Award

    Count Basie said that Hines was, "The greatest piano player in the world".

    Listen to Earl "Fatha" Hines and take your stress away!

Earl Hines
Earl "Fatha" Hines
photo #110-yr-1903

Earl Hines
Earl Hines 1947
photo #105-yr-1983





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How were blacks feeling in 1983?
happy mood of blacks

welcome to the 80s



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african american first

 For the year 1983:
  • August 30th, 1983 - Guion Bluford Jr.  was the first African-American in space on the space shuttle Challenger.

  • September 18, 1983 - Vanessa Williams is the first African American winner of the Miss America contest in Atlantic City.



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blacks and boxing

Larry Holmes
Larry Holmes
photo #122-yr-1978

Arthur Ashe
Arthur Ashe
photo #115-yr-1975

Rickey Henderson
Rickey Henderson
photo #111-yr-1979

Juan Marichal
Juan Marichal
photo #103-yr-1983

Carl Lewis
Carl Lewis
photo #104-yr-1983

     Sports in 1983
  • January 3, 1983 - Football's Tony Dorsett sets a National Football League record with an amazing 99-yd rush.

  • January 12, 1983 - Baseball's Juan Marichal is elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame.

  • February 23, 1983 - Football's USFL NJ Generals sign Heisman winner Herschel Walker to a 3 year $5 million dollar contract.

  • April 10, 1983 - Baseball's Eddie Murray gets his 1,000 career hit in MLB.

  • May 13, 1983 - Baseball's Reggie Jackson is the first in the Major Leagues to strike out 2,000 times.

  • May 20, 1983 - Boxer Larry Holmes defeats a tough Tim Witherspoon in the12th round fo the heavyweight boxing title.

  • June 21, 1983 - Tennis great Arthur Ashe undergoes double bypass heart surgery.

  • July 3, 1983 - Calvin Smith of the United States earns the title of the fastest man alive in track.

  • August 4, 1983 - Dave Winfield accidentally kills a seagull while warming up.

  • August 8, 1983 - Carl Lewiswins the gold medal in 100m.

  • August 10, 1983 - Carl Lewis wins the gold in the Men's Long Jump.

  • September 11, 1983 - Football's Franco Harris becomes the third National Football League player to rush for 11,000 yards.

  • September 13, 1983 - For the third time, Baseball's Oakland's Rickey Henderson earns 100 steals for the season.

  • November 25, 1983 - Boxer Larry Holmes knocks out Marvis Frazier in the first round for the heavyweight boxing title.



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why do others dislike black people

good black americans
"It is worthy of emphasis, that the antiquity of the Negro race is beyond dispute. His brightest days were when history was an infant; and, since he early turned from God, he has found the cold face of hate and the hurtful hand of the Caucasian against him."   George Washington Williams


Dislike of black people is a relatively new phenomenon that started after the 16th century. Before this time there wasn't a thing such as racial prejudices. If color issues did arise, it was an infrequent occurrence. It's hardly mentioned in history books. For the most part, skin color was not a factor.




In fact, it's well documented how the early Greek philosophers who were all white, Socrates, Herodotus, Thales, Alexander the Great, Aristotle among others happily mingled with the blacks. Africa was known as the learning capital of the world, and many philosophers traveled to Africa to study about everything from philosophy to mathematics. Pythagoras is believed to have made it the furthest, having studied in Kemet for 23 years.


The Greek Poet Homer was one of those travelers and made the following statement:
"In ancient times the blacks were known to be so gentle to
strangers that many believed that the gods sprang from them.
Homer sings of the Ocean, father of the gods; and says that
when Jupiter wishes to take a holiday, he visits the sea,
and goes to the banquets of the blacks,--a people humble,
courteous, and devout."

Mr. Reade http://www.gutenberg.org/files/15735/15735.txt


Black people had a good reputation for being intelligent, kind and hospitable and enjoying an advanced civilization that the Greeks envied. If alive today, Greek scholars would find it surprising how a person might believe in superiority simply because of skin color.


science failed humanity


What happened?


    History makes the answer easy. After the 16th century, race became an issue for whites because of three dynamics. Greed, science, and white history (legacy).

  • Greed
  • The trans-Atlantic slave trade was about greed. Free black labor aided in making Europeans countries and America very rich on the backs of black slaves. This created animosity between the blacks and whites.

  • Erroneous science theories
  • The introduction of false science teaching aided European and Americans in abandoning their conscience, because science didn't require one. Early Western philosophy advocated peace and treating all men with respect, but subsequent white generations did the opposite. Whites started to feel like gods themselves with their advancements in science and began to exhibit hubris, which is a Greek word denoting overconfident pride combined with arrogance. In other words, their heads became too big.

  • Incomplete history recording
  • Eurocentric history is always portrayed as the centerpiece of world history. African history was habitually erased by invading troops to eliminate its contributions and accomplishments to the world while preserving their European legacy. White history regularly portrays Africa as a wasteland full of ignorant savages, but current excavations prove the opposite. Africa was a developed continent with advanced civilizations just as good as Europe if not better.

Not to pick on white people, but it's entirely accurate they made our co-existence on this earth a race issue. This developed scorn or dislike they have for blacks continues down to our day.


Listed below are a few of the so-called geniuses who got the ball rolling in pitting white against black.

science failed humanity



Not one ounce of truth could be found in what these early scientists preached as fact. Modern science doesn't agree with them. But guess what? There's still a lot of people who believe in this ridiculous white superiority crap, either conscious or unconsciously, which doesn't say much for the intelligence of these people.


Believe it or not, this is one reason a lot of whites dislike blacks today. It's not rare to hear about media services about blacks being called derogatory names associated with past world history.


science failed humanity


So to honestly answer the question above "Why do many in America dislike black people?" At this point, it's because they want to.



Resources:

Thomas Wentworth Higginson, a white officer in the Union army had the task of training colored soldiers in the Civil War. He kept a diary for our enjoyment today. (click here)

George W. Williams - History of the Negro Race in America From 1619 to 1880. (click here)

Europeans Come to Western Africa - (click here)

The Characteristics of the Negro People - (click here)



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Muhammad Ali
President Reagan "punching" Muhammad Ali in the oval office. 1/24/83
photo #101-yr-1983

ballot box

President Ronald Reagan
President Ronald Reagan
photo #104-yr-1981

Harold Washington
Harold Washington
photo #102-yr-1983

     Political Scene in 1983
  • 1983 - Ronald Reagan was an American politician, commentator, and actor, who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989. Prior to his presidency, he served as the 33rd Governor of California from 1967 to 1975, following a career as an actor and union leader in Hollywood.

  • April 12, 1983 - Politician Harold Washington is elected as Chicago's first African American mayor.

  • December 15, 1983 - Politician Harvey Bernard Gantt is elected as Charlotte, North Carolina's first African American mayor.



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green door to success

Did you know you came from an amazing race of people who cared for you? It's true. The amazing accomplishments of our ancestors are recorded on this website. Years ago as slaves it was illegal for slaves to read and write, and a felony for anyone caught teaching them.

The slavemaster wanted to keep them ignorant so they wouldn't organize and rebel against their authority. He was able to dominate blacks in this way. The slavemaster understood the power of education.

Sadly today too many of our own have not learned how truly important it is to learn. Some may look at education as a white thing and to pick up a book as a sellout. Has any ignorant person ever made you feel that way? If so, you should run away as fast as you can from a person like this. You will meet him in a few years while he's pushing a shopping cart around town.

Education and learning are not white; it's a gift for all humankind. Read at all cost; it will add a new dimension to your life, bringing a whole new world you never knew existed. Your ancestors made it all possible for you.

green door to success




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black Movies in America

Isabel Sanford
Isabel Sanford with The Jeffersons co-stars, Sherman Hemsley and Mike Evans
photo #105-yr-1917

     Musicals / Television / Movies in 1983
    Movies:
  • Superman III - While harsh criticism focused on the film's comedic and campy tone, as well as the casting and performance of Pryor, Reeve was praised for his much darker performance as the corrupted Superman.

  • Richard Pryor: Here and Now - the final official album of stand up by Richard Pryor.

  • Motown 25 - a 1983 television special, produced by Suzanne de Passe for Motown Records, to commemorate Motown's 25th year.



  • Television:
  • The Jeffersons - is an black sitcom that was broadcast on CBS from January 18, 1975, through July 2, 1985. The show focuses on George and (weezy) Louise Jefferson, an affluent African-American couple living in New York City. Proud George loved his family, little man carried a big stick and wasn't afraid of anybody. Movin on Up!



  • Musicals:
  • Sophisticated Ladies - a musical revue based on the music of Duke Ellington closed on January 2, 1983 after 767 performances and fifteen previews.



  • Academy Award Winners:
  • 1983 - Irene Cara for Flashdance. Best Original Song





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black school teacher

The year 1877 was the worst year for American Blacks

A good foundation means everything when attempting to build and the newly freed Negro just didn't have one. When slaves first tasted freedom in the emancipation, they wanted to assimilate into American culture very badly. They wanted to build and live their lives in harmony with their white American brothers.


There were over four million former slaves who were uneducated and illiterate without any life skills whatsoever. During slavery it was illegal and a felony for anyone caught teaching them to read and write. They were not independent like you and me, but depended on others to provide the necessities of life.


The United States government wanted to help the former slaves and assisted by providing Reconstruction aid which meant education, medical, housing, etc. Imagine the joy in these former slaves heart. The schools were consistently packed with Negroes trying to better themselves. Happiness was all around! Finally! Thank you America, we will prove we can do it! YEAH! This was the general attitude of the Negro.


Sadly, this joy was very short lived because the United States government stopped aid after a few short years because of pressure by racist whites. This totally uncaring and un-American decision was called the 1877 Compromise, with many Negroes calling it the 1877 Grand Betrayal.


Although the Negro was now free, he would have to make do the best way he knew how, without any help whatsoever from the government who put him in slavery in the first place. These people became downtrodden, uneducated nomads living in a hateful white racist world, and because of future laws (Jim Crow) further restricting their rights would remain this way until the 1960s Civil Rights movement.


A good foundation was not laid with blacks assimilation into American culture. Many blacks were understandably demoralized, angry and defeated for many years. The weaker ones continue to be so until this day and still hold a grudge that hurts themselves more than anybody else.


Now ones like Mr. Lewis who is pictured above understood his fantastic African American heritage, and the many examples of black success stories he went on to model his life after. This helped him because he had a good foundation to build on. Study your incredible history that's included in this website and grow because it really is a thing of extraordinary beauty.



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famous african american birthdays


     Famous Birthdays in 1983
  • January 7, 1983 - Robert Andrew Ri'chard  an American television and film actor.

  • January 9, 1983 - Brandon Kyle Boggs  an American professional baseball outfielder who is a free agent.

  • March 12, 1983 - Ron Funches an American stand up comedian, actor and writer.

  • April 29, 1983 - Samuel L. Jones III an American actor.

  • May 2, 1983 - Gaius Charles an American stage, television and film actor.

  • May 6, 1983 - Gabourey Sidibe is an African American actress who made her acting debut in the 2009 film Precious.

  • May 28, 1983 - Megalyn Echikunwoke  an American actress.

  • June, 25, 1983 - La La Anthony an American radio and television personality, New York Times best-selling author, business woman and actress.

  • July 8, 1983 - Jaron Marquis  an American hip-hop musician based in Indianapolis, Indiana.

  • August 2, 1983 - Angell Conwell is an African American actress born in Orangeburg, South Carolina.

  • August 14, 1983 - Lamorne Morris  an American actor, comedian and television personality.

  • August 23, 1983 - Ngosi "Annie" Ilonzeh an American actress.

  • August 24, 1983 - Trestin George an American actor and former professional American football defensive back.

  • September 2, 1983 - Tiffany Hines an American actress.

  • September 25, 1983 - Donald McKinley Glover, Jr. an American actor, writer, comedian, rapper, and producer.

  • October 3, 1983 - Tessa Lynne Thompson an American actress.

  • November 19, 1983 - Moses Perkins an actor and musician living in Los Angeles, California.

  • November 27, 1983 - Arjay L. Smith  an American actor.



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black american deaths

Eubie Blake
Eubie Blake
photo #105-yr-1883

Muddy Waters
Muddy Waters
photo #109-yr-1950

Earl Hines
Earl "Fatha" Hines
photo #110-yr-1903

     Famous Deaths in 1983
  • February 12, 1983 - Eubie Blake was an American composer, lyricist, and pianist of ragtime, jazz, and popular music.

  • April 15, 1983 - Ernestine Wade was an African American actress who is best known for playing the role of Sapphire Stevens on the radio and television program Amos 'n Andy.

  • April 22, 1983 - Earl "Fatha" Hines was an American jazz pianist and bandleader. He was one of the most influential figures in the development of jazz piano and, according to one major source, is "one of a small number of pianists whose playing shaped the history of jazz".

  • April 30, 1983 - Muddy Waters  was an American blues musician. He is often considered the "father of modern Chicago blues".

  • October 2, 1983 - George "Harmonica" Smith was an American electric blues harmonica player.

  • November 7, 1983 - Hazel Joan Bryant  was an African-American actress, opera singer, director, and playwright.

  • November 20, 1983 - Osceola Macarthy Adams  was an American actress, drama teacher, director, and clothing designer. She was one of the 22 founders of the Delta Sigma Theta sorority.



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famous african american quotes      Famous African American Quotes
    Eubie Blake -  African American composer, lyricist, and pianist of ragtime, jazz, and popular music.

    "If I'd known I was going to live this long, I would have taken better care of myself."


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famous african american weddings

     Famous Weddings in 1983
  • June 25, 1983 - Denzel Washington and Pauletta Washington are married.

  • November 7, 1983 - Cecil Fielder and Stacey Lynn Granger are married.

  • 1983 - Otis Williams  and Arleata Williams are married.

  • 1983 - Forrest Tucker  and Sheila Forbes are married.

  • 1983 - Della Reese and Franklin Lett are married.

  • 1983 - Meshach Taylor and Bianca Ferguson are married.

  • 1983 - American jazz drummer and bandleader Art Blakey and Anne Arnold were wed in holy matrimony.



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famous african american divorces

     Famous Divorces in 1983
  • January 1983 - Al Green and Shirley Kyles were divorced.

  • 1983 - Kofi Annan and Titi Alakija were divorced.

  • 1983 - Rae Dawn Chong and Owen Baylis were divorced.



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 american standards



Will more blacks adopt the American standard?

Maybe it's time to send the old Negro standard to the black museum



In America's beginning, immigrants from Europe had the incredible opportunity to live a better life and perhaps become rich beyond their wildest dreams. This was a hope that had never existed for regular everyday people in the entire history of man.


In contrast, Africans were sold into slavery, mostly by their governments and forced to travel to America as slaves. For them, this was not a dream, but an atrocious nightmare. The opportunity didn't exist for the vast majority of blacks to make a better life for themselves.


 slaves


Once in America, these Europeans would eventually band together to focus on a common enemy, the black-skinned negro. This banding together against the blacks made whites stronger, and blacks weaker.


Some of these whites were very vocal in their dislike for black people, calling them bad names such as savages, animals, wild beast, ignorant, etc., and others were indifferent, choosing to remain on the sidelines by remaining silent. But they were just as guilty for allowing democracy to be trampled.


Even though professing to be the most intelligent compassionate creatures on earth, they couldn't understand how their actions would undermine everything America was supposed to represent. They became terrible guardians of hope and justice in a new and civilized world.


After slavery was finally outlawed in America, it was replaced with another oppression just as worse in the form of Jim Crow laws. These laws regulated blacks to 2nd class citizenship. These laws made blacks feel like they were not a part of the American process, and made many feel worthless as human beings and lacking in self-confidence.


But after the 60s civil rights movement, blacks started to slowly come around and take what belonged to them regarding good jobs, moving to nicer neighborhoods, etc. But still faced a white power structure at the job and at home that failed to recognize them as real American brothers. Even though new Civil Rights laws were in place, blacks still faced an uphill battle every day, but now in the form of a silent hate, called covert racism.


It's a situation that still exist in America.


Especially before the sixties, blacks were excluded in all aspects of American living by whites. Thus the need to create a black way of doing things became necessary. Many blacks in those days took pride in being different from white America. We felt that if whites didn't want anything to do with us professionally or socially, we didn't want anything to do with them.


 slaves


So, we spoke our language using jive talk and slang and created special handshakes when greeting one another. We designed our style of colorful clothes and fashioned our hair differently. We ate our style of soul food.


These were all great and original African-American inventions that we needed for our own identity and kept us with a measure of sanity in a racist and vile America.


These inventions were considered being hep/ hip by all, and if a black person didn't practice these Negro standards, they would be regarded as a sell-out or trying to act white.


Blacks were very smart to invent the Negro standard, so what's the problem?


The problem began after the Civil Rights movement of the 60s. It was now legal for blacks to achieve equality in America as much as our hearts desired. We now had the law on our side. Even though this was still not a guarantee to eliminate racism and exclusion, it would make our fight a little easier.


But sadly, many blacks were not prepared and attempted to bring the old Negro standard way of doing things into the American mainstream. There was an immediate culture clash. Whites didn't know anything about black Americans and became afraid and filled with even more hate towards them because now they had to share America equally.


Now with the law on our side, you would think that blacks would have run to the schools and colleges to educate themselves. But many were afraid of the white power structure because it was very intimidating.


But not to the black woman. She knew the only way to win this struggle was to fight fire with fire, by becoming better educated. She attended school and learned all she could, and quickly realized she was just as smart if not smarter than whites. She then went out to fight.


She was victorious and continues to be so today.


The black male didn't put up a good fight like the female because he was intimidated by the hate other races directed towards him and chose to live a life of running game and boy-like behavior to make his living. Also, the black man didn't want to abide by the America standard way of doing things because he still considered it an enemy.


The result was that many of our people got left behind by not successfully making the distinction between white people and the American standard. These are two different things, and that needs repeating. These are two separate things and are easily confused as being the same. White people don't own the American standard, and they don't control it. White people knew blacks get hung up on this stumbling block and discouraged us at every step.


There would be many blacks who gauged and jumped this obstacle, but far too many quit or didn't even try. The successful ones would go on to make a nice living and provide for their families and care less about racist whites and their hate for us, or the foolish blacks who would say bad things about them for acting white. To this very day, it remains a difficult thing for blacks to give up the old negro way of thinking.


    For example, we are not acting white if we.......

  • We live in America and are Americans. English is our nations official language. It's the American standard to speak proper English, and not only for white people. It's for yellow, brown, red and all Americans.


  • America is a civilized country and at the moment the best in the world. Its citizens are courteous and considerate to one another. This is not a white thing. It's the American standard.


  • The American standard teaches us to take care of our families and handle our business as responsible adults, which is not a white thing to practice, but an American thing to do.


  • To attend school and shoot for the stars to better ourselves is not a white thing, it's expected of all Americans to keep the country smarter and stronger which once again goes to the American standard category, not white people category.


 american standards



If we try to take our old way of thinking out in public or to the workplace, we surely will be met with problems. It won't work. Other races don't understand our old negro standard and will become annoyed or offended, just like we would if in a group of people and couldn't understand what they were doing or saying. This is why the old Negro standard and American standard cannot exist side by side.


Refusal to depart from the old Negro standard is one reason we still have black slums, living near poverty, low self-esteem and every other negative we can think. The Negro standard at one time served a necessary purpose but now holds us back as a race. It's time to put the Negro standard in a black museum. It's outdated.


Give up the swag?


But let's make one thing clear, it's not advocated giving up the music, fried chicken, chitterlings, corn bread and collard greens or even the swag that took years to perfect. There are a place and time for everything. No, that's not the point. The point is always to exercise common sense when dealing with other races and remain cognizant of the American standard.


There will still be plenty of hate to face us.


Yes, there will be, but it's better to have success and be hated than to be unsuccessful and hated. A word of caution though. There are many of our people who hate us also and would love if we still lived in the old Negro standard.


Do you believe that successful blacks have a moral obligation to help its people? Our ancestors thought so. They understood the path for success and continually stressed education and living within the American standard as the only way to achieve that.


Today, we don't have our ancestors to look up to for advice. But believe it or not, singers, entertainers, rappers and sports athletes have taken their place. Most blacks give these people the top priority and will follow their every word, frequently ignoring their education, and buying their product. The question becomes, are these people for their own needs or are they instructing the black community to embrace the American standard?


 american standards





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soul train
Soul Train ran from 1971-2006
photo #109-yr-1971

William  Handy
W. C. Handy
photographed by Carl Van Vechten
photo #102-yr-1958


Rick James
Rick James
photo #107-yr-1981

Clarence Gatemouth Brown
Clarence "Gatemouth" Brown
photo #100

Aretha Franklin
Aretha Franklin
photo #100-yr-1971

Marvin Gaye
Marvin Gaye
photo #108-yr-1968

Donna Summer
Donna Summer
photo #114-yr-1979

Rufus and Chaka
Rufus and Chaka
photo #115-yr-1979

Ma Rainey
Ma Rainey
photo #102-yr-1939

Diana Ross
Diana Ross
photo #106-yr-1981

Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
photo #101-yr-1958

     Music in 1983

  Billboard Top Soul Hits:
  • "Sexual Healing" Marvin Gaye

  • "The Girl Is Mine" Michael Jackson & Paul McCartney

  • "Outstanding" The Gap Band

  • "Billie Jean" Michael Jackson

  • "Atomic Dog" George Clinton

  • "Candy Girl" New Edition

  • "Beat It" Michael Jackson

  • "Save the Overtime (For Me)" Gladys Knight and the Pips

  • "Juicy Fruit" Mtume

  • "She Works Hard for the Money" Donna Summer

  • "Get It Right" Aretha Franklin

  • "Cold Blooded" Rick James

  • "Ain't Nobody" Rufus & Chaka Khan

  • "All Night Long (All Night)" Lionel Richie

  • "Time Will Reveal" DeBarge



  Popular Soul Dances:
  • Break-dancing

  • The Macarena

  • The Robot

  • The Electric Slide

  • The MC Hammer

  • The Worm

  • Hip Hop

  • Moonwalk

  • Voguing

  • Crip Walk

  • Cabbage patch

  • Running Man

  • Chicago stepping

  • KC Two-Step

  • Detroit Ballroom




  Musical Happenings in 1983:
    Feb 26th - Michael Jackson's "Thriller" album goes to #1 & stays #1 for 37 weeks
  • 1983 - W. C. Handy was inducted into the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame.

  • Gospel at Colonus is a successful Off-Broadway musica; that helps establish the modern career of the Blind Boys of Alabama.

  • Run-D.M.C.'s "It's Like That" launches their career as the leading hip hop group of the decade. They will be the first rappers on MTV and American Bandstand.

  • Soft drink corporation Pepsi-Cola sponsors a Michael Jackson tour. The sponsorship is reported to have increased sales of Pepsi products by ten percent in cities where Jackson performed.



  MTV in 1983:
  • Breaking the "color barrier" (19811983)
    During MTV's first few years on the air, very few black artists were included in rotation on the channel. The select few who were in MTV's rotation were Michael Jackson, Prince, Eddy Grant, Donna Summer, Musical Youth, and Herbie Hancock. MTV rejected other black artists' videos, such as Rick James' "Super Freak", because they did not fit the channel's carefully selected AOR format at the time. A black woman, Carolyn B. Baker who was MTV's original head of talent and acquisition had personally rejected Rick James' video for Super Freak "because there were half-naked women in it, and it was a piece of crap. As a black woman, I did not want that representing my people as the first black video on MTV."



 Blues Hall of Fame for 1983:
    The Blues Hall of Fame is a music museum located in Memphis, Tennessee. Until recently, the "Blues Hall of Fame" was not a physical building, but a listing of people who have significantly contributed to blues music. Started in 1980 by the Blues Foundation, it honors those who have performed, recorded, or documented blues. The actual building for the hall opened to the public on May 8, 2015

  • Louis Jordan
  • Albert King
  • Robert Nighthawk
  • Ma Rainey
  • Big Joe Turner


 American Music Awards winners in 1983:
    The American Music Awards was created by Dick Clark to compete with the Grammy Awards. Michael Jackson and Donny Osmond co-hosted the first award show with Rodney Allen Rippy and Ricky Segall in 1974. Unlike the Grammys, which are awarded on the basis of votes by members of the Recording Academy, the AMAs are determined by a poll of the public and fans, who can vote through the AMAs website.

    Favorite Pop/Rock Single
  • "Truly" - Lionel Richie

  • Favorite Soul/R&B Male Artist
  • Lionel Richie

  • Favorite Soul/R&B Female Artist
  • Diana Ross

  • Favorite Soul/R&B Band, Duo, or Group
  • Kool & The Gang

  • Favorite Soul/R&B Album
  • Jump To It - Aretha Franklin

  • Favorite Soul/R&B Single
  • "Sexual Healing" - Marvin Gaye


  Grammy winners in 1983:
    The 25th Annual Grammy Awards were held on February 23, 1983 at Shrine Auditorium, Los Angeles. They recognized accomplishments by musicians from the previous year.

    Best Traditional Blues Recording
  • Clarence "Gatemouth" Brown for Alright Again


  • Best Comedy Recording
  • Richard Pryor for Live on the Sunset Strip


  • Best Ethnic or Traditional Folk Recording
  • Queen Ida for Queen Ida & the Bon Temps Zydeco Band on Tour


  • Best Soul Gospel Performance, Traditional
  • Al Green for Precious Lord


  • Best Soul Gospel Performance, Contemporary
  • Al Green for Higher Plane


  • Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Female
  • Sarah Vaughan for Gershwin Live!


  • Best Jazz Instrumental Performance, Soloist
  • Miles Davis for We Want Miles


  • Best Jazz Instrumental Performance, Big Band
  • Count Basie for Warm Breeze


  • Best Cast Show Album
  • Henry Krieger (composer), Tom Eyen (lyricist), David Foster (producer) & various artists for Dreamgirls


  • Best Pop Vocal Performance, Male
  • Lionel Richie for "Truly"


  • Best R&B Vocal Performance, Female
  • Jennifer Holliday for "And I Am Telling You (I'm Not Going)"


  • Best R&B Vocal Performance, Male
  • Marvin Gaye for "Sexual Healing"


  • Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal
  • Dazz Band for "Let It Whip" Earth, Wind & Fire for "Wanna Be With You"


  • Best R&B Instrumental Performance
  • Marvin Gaye for "Sexual Healing (Instrumental Version)"


  • Best Rhythm & Blues Song
  • Bill Champlin, Jay Graydon & Steve Lukather (songwriters) for "Turn Your Love Around" performed by George Benson




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african americans and religion


How did religion begin for the American Negro?

Well, it was an exciting journey for sure, but as usual, we have to go back into history for the likely answer. Before arriving in America as slaves, generally speaking, our ancestors practiced a religion which included fetishism.

What is fetishism you may ask?


 Traditional  Benin Voodoo Dance
Traditional Benin Voodoo Dance

Fetishism is a man-made object (such as the doll aound the lady's neck in the picture) that is thought to have power over others. Africans were extremely superstitious in their native land.

But once exposed to religious teachers in America, quickly left their superstitious past behind them, and would frown upon new arrivals of Africans who practiced fetishism in religion.

In Europe, the Roman Catholic Church had lost their grip on people with their questionable religious practices. There were many who thought the Church was wrong and formed a protest or a Protestant Reformation that resulted in the creation of tons of different religions with their doctrines and teachings claiming to be Christian.


Religion definition:
A religion is an organized collection of beliefs, cultural systems,
and world views that relate humanity to an order of existence.



Episcopal, Jesuits, Methodists, Protestant, Anglican, Lutheranism, Calvinism, Presbyterianism, Wesleyanism were all against Roman Catholic teachings.

But there would be a new religion on the horizon for humanity that went by the name of science. The introduction of science was in many ways entirely different than Christianity because it taught man to believe and rely on himself and his creations, rather than on a Supreme Being he couldn't see.

Faith is something foreign and unbelievable to a scientist. Also, this new form of religion would give these believers complete moral authority to do as they wished without a guilty conscience or retribution from a Surpreme Being.

This is what made slavery right or moral in the eyes of so many whites because new science taught that whites were superior and blacks inferior. The theory of evolution is another example in clear teaching that the world exists because of a big bang instead of being created, and also man evolved from apes rather than being created.

Do you believe in Evolution? If so, evolution is your religion because mainstream religion and evolution just don't jive, it's either one or the other.

During slavery, most of the first black congregations and churches were founded by free blacks, but slaves learned about Christianity by attending services led by a white preacher or supervised by a white person. Slaveholders often held prayer meetings at their plantations. Methodist and Baptist were the preferred choices of slaves because of its message.

But after slavery blacks were still restricted in the white churches so what they did next is not a surprise. They began to form their churches free from white rulership and exclusion, but kept the doctrine and teachings, but of course with a more lively twist (singing and dancing). It's clear they still had African culture in their hearts. This would mark the beginning of a new American creation, the black church.


The following is a very brief history of religion in Black America:


Pentacostal -
 Pentacostal Movement
    William Seymour
William J. Seymour - photo#111-yr-2015

Charles Fox Parham an independent holiness evangelist who believed strongly in divine healing, was an important figure in the emergence of Pentecostalism as a distinct Christian movement. But it wasn't until one of his black students named William J. Seymour learned these teaching and took it back to California with him that the Pentecostal movement took off like wildfire.

Seymour's preaching sparked the famous three-year-long Azusa Street Revival in 1906. Worship at the racially integrated Azusa Mission featured an absence of any order of service. (whites would later dislike this) People preached and testified as moved by the Spirit, spoke and sung in tongues, and fell in the Spirit. Blacks whites and other races would attend these services. But there was a matter of Jim Crow to be kept in mind that made it illegal for blacks and whites to mix.

So whites broke away from Seymour and began their Pentecostal churches. It's a fact that the beginning of the widespread Pentecostal movement in the United States is considered to have started with one-eyed black preacher William J. Seymour's Azusa Street Revival.




The Church Of God in Christ (COGIC) -
 The Church Of God in Christ baptism
Church Of God in Christ Baptism
photo#112-yr-2015

The Church Of God in Christ was formed in 1897 by a group of disfellowshiped Baptists, most notably Charles Price Jones (18651949) and Charles Harrison Mason (18661961) and is a Pentecostal Christian denomination with a predominantly African-American membership. It ranks as the largest Pentecostal denomination and the fifth largest Christian denomination in the U.S. Evangelical Baptist, and Methodist preachers traveled throughout the South in the Great Awakening of the late 18th century and appealed directly to slaves, and a few thousand slaves converted. Early COGIC leaders were very much attracted by the Pentecostal message and would break from the Baptist for this reason.



A.M.E. Church -
The African Methodist Episcopal Church, usually called the A.M.E. Church, is a predominantly African-American Methodist denomination based in the US. It is the oldest independent Protestant denomination founded by blacks in the world. It was founded by the Rt. Rev. Richard Allen in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1816 from several black Methodist congregations in the mid-Atlantic area that wanted independence from white Methodists.



Baptists -
Baptists are individuals who comprise a group of denominations and churches that subscribe to a doctrine that baptism should be performed only for professing believers (believer's baptism, as opposed to infant baptism) and that it must be done by complete immersion (as opposed to affusion or sprinkling). Other tenets of Baptist churches include soul competency (liberty), salvation through faith alone, Scripture alone as the rule of faith and practice, and the autonomy of the local congregation. Baptists recognize two ministerial offices, pastors, and deacons. Baptist churches are widely considered to be Protestant churches, though some Baptists disavow this identity.



Islam -
An adherent of Islam is called a Muslim. Jews felt like they were chosen people who were promised a land filled with milk and honey, a holy land. This promise was made to Abraham and his seed. Abraham's wife Sarah had trouble conceiving children so to keep the promise alive and in the family she chose Hagar who was an Egyptian handmaid to have sexual relations with Abraham to bear a son, which is what they did. This son's name was Ishmael.

But something happened later that would throw things into a tizzy. At a very old age Sarah was now able to have kids and bore a son named Isaac.

Now here's the problem. Does the promise belong to Sarah's son or Hagar's son? Sarah felt it belonged to her bloodline, so she sent Hagar and Ishmael into the wilderness for them to die. But guess what? They didn't die. Muhammad who was the final prophet sent by God as identified in the Quran was born within Ishmael's seed line.

So even to this day these two groups don't care for each other.




Science -
This religion by far has proven to be the most destructive for humankind. Its users have created a world of me, me, me, by magnifying themselves, sincerely believing they are all of that and a bag of chips. Also the belief that spirited competition is healthy and useful. Win at all cost! The survival of the fittest theory. Many genocides were accomplished in the name of science. It teaches us that man originates from apes, (many blacks lost their life because of this false teaching) the earth was created from nothing and in essence humans are their gods. The bad far outweighs the good with the practice of science. Just look around.


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Womens fashions in the 1980s
Womens fashions in the 1980s
photo #105-yr-1980

mens fashions in the 1980s
Mens fashions in the 1980s
photo #106-yr-1980

Womens fashions in the 1980s
The rah-rah skirt is a short flounced layered skirt that originated in cheerleading and became a popular fashion trend among teenage girls in the early 1980s. Later in the 1980s it was often worn with leather, denim or lace.
photo #107-yr-1980

hairstyles in the 1980s
Jheri curl hairstyle worn in the 1980s.
photo #108-yr-1980

     Fashions and Styles in 1983

  Popular Fashions:

    Women:
    The early 1980s were very different from the rest of the decade, with some carryovers from the late 1970s. Clothing colors were subdued, quiet and basic; varying shades of brown, tan, and orange were common. Fashionable clothing in the early 1980s included both unisex and gender-specific attire. Widespread fashions for women in the early 1980s included sweaters (including turtleneck, crew neck, and v-neck varieties); fur-lined puffer jackets; tunics; faux-fur coats; velvet blazers; trench coats (made in both fake and real leather); crop tops; tube tops; knee-length skirts (of no prescribed length, as designers opted for choice); loose, flowy, knee-length dresses (with high-cut and low-cut necklines, varying sleeve lengths, and made in a variety of fabrics including cotton, silk, satin, and polyester); high-waisted loose pants; embroidered jeans; leather pants; and designer jeans. Women's pants of the 1980s were, in general, worn with long inseams - a style carried over from the 1970s. Accessories for women included thin belts, knee-high boots with thick kitten heels, sneakers, jelly shoes (a new trend at the time), mules, round-toed shoes and boots, jelly bracelets (inspired by Madonna in 1983), shoes with thick heels, small, thin necklaces (with a variety of materials, such as gold and pearls), and small watches. The fitness craze of the 1970s continued into the early 1980s. General women's street-wear worn in the early 1980s included ripped sweatshirts, leotards, tights, sweatpants, and tracksuits (especially ones made in velour). Prior to the mid-1980s, it had been taboo to show a slip or a bra strap in public. A visible undergarment had been a sign of social ineptness. With the new fashion's most extreme forms, young women would forgo conventional outer-garments for vintage-style bustiers with lacy slips and several large crucifixes.


    Men:
    In the early 1980s, fashion had carried onward from the late 1970s. Athletic clothes were more popular than jeans during this period, as were more subdued colors. Looser pants remained popular during this time, being fairly wide but straight, and tighter shirts were especially popular. The general public, at this time, wanted to wear low-maintenance clothing with more basic colors, as the global recession going on at the time kept extravagant clothes out of reach. Popular clothing in the early 1980s worn by men includes tracksuits, v-neck sweaters, polyester and velour polo-neck shirts, sports jerseys, straight-leg jeans, polyester button-ups, cowboy boots, beanies, and hoodies. In the mid 1980s, popular trends included wool sport coats, Levi 501s, Hawaiian shirts, shell suits, hand-knit sweaters, sports shirts, hoodies, flannel shirts, reversible flannel vests, jackets with the insides quilted, nylon jackets, gold rings, spandex cycling shorts, cowboy boots, and khaki pants with jagged seams. T-shirts underneath expensive suit jackets with broad, padded shoulders, hawaiian shirts (complemented with sport coats, often with top-stitched lapels for a "custom-tailored" look), and (in counterpoint to the bright shirt) jackets that were often gray, tan, rust or white. Easy-care micro-suede and corduroy jackets became popular choices, especially those with a Western style.


    Rap and hip-hop:
    Athletic shoes had been worn as casual wear before, but for the first time they became a high-priced fashion item. Converse shoes were popular in the first half of the 1980s. Air Jordan basketball shoes (named for basketball player Michael Jordan) made their debut in 1984. The NBA banned these shoes from games when they debuted, which increased their cachet. Soon, other manufacturers introduced premium athletic shoes. Adidas sneakers took the decade by storm, becoming popular among teenage boys and young men; the Adidas sneaker was popularized by the Run-D.M.C. song My Adidas. Nike had a similar share of the market, with Air Max and similar shoes. High-tops, especially of white or black leather, became popular. In the early 1980s, long and white athletic socks, often calf-high or knee-high, were worn with sneakers. As the decade progressed, socks trended shorter, eventually topping out just above the height of the shoe. Ensembles featuring the colors of Africa (green, yellow and red) became wildly popular among African Americans, as did kente cloth. In the urban hip-hop communities, sneakers were usually worn unlaced and with a large amount of gold jewelry, as well as headwraps.


    Hairstyles:
    The Jheri curl often spelled Jerry curl or Jeri Curl is a permed hairstyle that was common and popular among African American, Black Canadian, and Black British, especially during the 1980s and the 1990s. Invented by the hairdresser Jheri Redding, the Jheri curl gave the wearer a glossy, loosely curled look. It was touted as a "wash and wear" style that was easier to care for than the other popular chemical treatment of the day, the relaxer.



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crack in the black communtiy



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United States Census for Negroes
United States Census for African Americans
in the 1980s

pac man game

Scott Joplin
Scott Joplin
photo #101-yr-1899

Our Community in 1983
Newsworthy Events in the Black Community:

  • July 24, 1983 - 23 year old Sonya Robinson of Milwaukee is crowned the 16th Miss Black America.

  • September 18, 1983 - Vanessa Williams is the first African American winner of the Miss America contest in Atlantic City.

  • November 2, 1983 - To honnor Martin Luther King, Jr. in America, President Ronald Reagan signs a bill designating January 20th as a federal holiday.

  • 1983 - The honor of owning a major daily newspaper in a large city belongs to Robert C. Maynard of the Oakland Tribune who was the first African American to do so.

  • The Color Purple written by Alice Walker wins the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction.

  • the United States Postal Service issued a stamp of Ragtime Musician Scott Joplin as part of its Black Heritage commemorative series.

  • HIV and without treatment, average survival time after infection with HIV is estimated to be 9 to 11 years. Trivia: Infection with HIV occurs by the transfer of blood, semen, vaginal fluid, pre-ejaculate, or breast milk. Within these bodily fluids, HIV is present as both free virus particles and virus within infected immune cells. AIDS was first clinically observed in 1981 in the United States. The initial cases were a cluster of injection drug users and gay men.

  • 1980s - Pac-Man is considered one of the classics of the medium, virtually synonymous with video games, and an icon of 1980s popular culture. Pac-Man is an arcade game developed by Namco and first released in Japan on May 22, 1980.

  • 1980s - The United States Population is 226,504,825 with a total of 26,482,349 being African Americans.





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RESOURCES:


Text_of_Creative_Commons_Attribution-ShareAlike_3.0_Unported_License


Photo
#100 -   By Masahiro Sumori (Own work) GFDL or CC-BY-SA-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0, via Wikimedia Commons

#101 -   By All the photographs are in the public domain and may be credited "Courtesy Ronald Reagan Library." [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

#102 -   By US Federal Government [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

#103 -   See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

#104 -   By University of Houston [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

#105 -   William P. Gottlieb [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons


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