Blast From The Past:
OUR HAMITE AWARD WINNER FOR 1977:
Eddie "Rochester" Anderson
Eddie "Rochester" Anderson was an African-American comedian and actor. he made us laugh when there wasn't much to laugh about.
Eddie was raised in San Francisco. He left school when he was 14 to work as an errand boy to help his family. Stage-struck at an early age, he spent much of his free time waiting at stage doors and cutting up on street corners with his friend and brother, Cornelius.
Anderson got his start in show business as a teenager on the vaudeville circuit. In the early 1930s, he transitioned into films and radio. In 1937, he began his most famous role of Rochester Van Jones, usually known simply as "Rochester", the valet of Jack Benny, on his radio show The Jack Benny Program.
The Rochester character became immensely popular. Rochester was second only to Benny himself in popularity and almost always received the most enthusiastic applause on his entrances and exits. Although he usually did not appear in the opening minutes of the shows, he began to surpass Mary Livingstone as Jack Benny’s main foil.
Anderson's role as a servant was typical for black leads in the popular media of that era, such as Ethel Waters in Beulah. The stereotyping of black characters was a standard practice in the entertainment business for generations, referencing minstrel shows, where white actors in blackface reinforced stereotypes of laziness, ignorance, illiteracy, weakness for drinking, gambling, and carousing, and general unfitness for any position of responsibility.
According to Jack Benny's posthumous autobiography, Sunday Nights at Seven, the tone of racial humor surrounding Rochester declined following World War II, once the enormity of The Holocaust was revealed. After the war, Benny and his writers made a conscious effort to remove all stereotypical aspects from the Rochester character.
In 1943, when Benny brought his entire radio show cast to Canada at his expense to perform for those in the various branches of the Canadian services, Anderson and his wife received a warm welcome.
Stateside, an incident was defused by Benny when, according to reporter Fredric W. Slater, Rochester was denied a room at the hotel where Benny and his staff were planning to stay in Saint Joseph, Missouri. When it was announced that Anderson could not stay there, Benny replied: "If he doesn't stay here, neither do I." The hotel allowed Anderson to remain as a guest.
Anderson became the first African American to have a regular role on a nationwide radio program.When the series moved to television, Anderson continued in the role until the series' end in 1965.
After the series had ended, Anderson remained active with guest starring roles on television and voice work in animated series. He was also an avid horse-racing fan who owned several race horses and worked as a horse trainer at the Hollywood Park Racetrack.
Eddie "Rochester" Anderson was an inspiring human being who opened many doors for blacks behind him. His passion was show business and horses which he dedicated himself 100%.
He set an excellent example for others who may seek the entertainment field. He didn't die broke like many others, but spent his money wisely. We award this great man with the 1977 Hamite Award for turning the tears of the black person into laughter and providing a good model to follow. You will never be forgotten.
Eddie died of heart disease in February 1977 at the age of 71.
In a last philanthropic gesture, it was his intention to will his sizable home after his death. The house in Los Angeles was to be used to help reform substance abusers. Three decades after his death, The Eddie Rochester Anderson Foundation in Los Angeles ("The Rochester House") helps troubled men transition into society and is an at-risk substance sober-living residence for homeless substance abusers. The Rochester House opened its doors at several adjacent properties in 1989 and is dedicated in memory of Eddie Anderson. Anderson's son, Eddie, Jr. later established The Eddie "Rochester" Anderson Foundation.
Eddie "Rochester" Anderson |
Eddie Anderson as Rochester greeting pretty girls at his dressing room door
Postcard view of comedian Eddie Anderson's home in Los Angeles
|How were blacks feeling in 1977?
Affirmative action in the news for 1977
Fair or Unfair?
As President Lyndon Johnson said in 1965, "You do not take a person who, for years, has been hobbled by chains and liberate him, bring him up to the starting line of a race and then say you are free to compete with all the others, and still just believe that you have been completely fair."
For the first 250 years of America's history, Black-Americans were traded as commodities and forced to work without pay, first as indentured servants than as slaves. In much of the United States at this time, they were barred from all levels of education, from basic reading to higher-level skills useful outside of the plantation setting. After slavery's abolition in 1865, Black-Americans saw the educational gap between themselves and whites compounded by segregation. They were forced to attend separate, under-funded schools due to Plessy v. Ferguson. Though de jure school segregation ended with Brown v. Board of Education, de facto segregation continues in education into the present day. Following the end of World War II, the educational gap between White and Black Americans was widened by Dwight D. Eisenhower's GI Bill. This piece of legislation paved the way for white GI's to attend college. Despite their veteran status returning black members of the armed forces were not afforded loans at the same rate as whites. Furthermore, at the time of its introduction, segregation was still the law of the land barring blacks from the best institutions. Overall, "Nearly 8 million servicemen and servicewomen were educated under the provisions of the GI Bill after World War II., But for blacks, higher educational opportunities were so few that the promise of the GI Bill went largely unfulfilled. photo#113-yr-1977
Garry Lee Maddox
John Henry "Pop" Lloyd
| Sports in 1977 |
- February 5, 1977 - Sugar Ray Leonard defeats Luis Vega in 6 rounds in his very first pro fight.
- June 27, 1977 - Baseball's Willie McCovey hits 2 home runs in inning for the second time.
- June 29, 1977 - Baseball's Willie Stargell hits his 400th career home run.
- August 1, 1977 - San Francisco Giant Willie McCovey hits a national League record 18th grand slams.
- August 29, 1977 - St Louis Cardinal Lou Brock became the all-time major league stolen base leader when he broke Ty Cobb's career record of 892 stolen bases which had been considered unbreakable by some observers.
- September 29, 1977 - Muhammad Ali defeats Earnie Shavers in 15 for the heavyweight boxing title.
- October 18, 1977 - Slugger Reggie Jackson hits 3 consecutive homers tying Ruth's series record.
- November 16, 1977 - Baseball's Rod Carew wins the American League MVP award.
- November 21, 1977 - Baltimore Orioles first baseman Eddie Murray wins the American League Rookie of Year.
- November 25, 1977 - Thomas Hearns knocks out Jerome Hill in 2 rounds in his very first pro fight.
- Garry Maddox aka (Secretary of Defense) wins the 1977 National League Gold Gloves.
- 1977 - John Henry "Pop" Lloyd was posthumously inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.
What Was The Jonestown Massacre?|
The Peoples Temple, the organization at the center of the Jonestown incident, was headquartered in San Francisco, California, from the early to mid-1970s until the Temple's move to Guyana.
While the Temple originated in Indiana in the 1950s, after leader Jim Jones predicted an apocalypse that would create a socialist Eden on earth, it moved to Redwood Valley, California in the late 1960s. Its headquarters later moved into San Francisco, where Jones remained until July 1977, when Jones fled with almost 1,000 Temple members to Jonestown, Guyana following investigations by local media.
On the evening of November 18, 1978 in Jonestown, Jones ordered his congregation to drink cyanide-laced Flavor Aid. In all, 918 people died, including over 270 children, resulting in the greatest single loss of American civilian life in a non-natural disaster until the incidents of September 11, 2001. Congressman Leo Ryan was among those killed at the airstrip.
President Jimmy Carter greets Muhammad Ali at a White House dinner celebrating
the signing of the Panama Canal Treaty, Washington, D.C.
Official portrait of then-Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Patricia R. Harris
| Political Scene in 1977 |
- November 1977 - Jimmy Carter an American politician, author, and member of the Democratic Party who served as the 39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1981. He was awarded the 2002 Nobel Peace Prize for his work with the Carter Center.
- Patricia Harris was appointed Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to the cabinet of President Jimmy Carter when he took office in 1977. She thus became the first African American woman to hold a cabinet position.
- Congressman Andrew Young is appointed U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations by President Jimmy Carter.
- A Democrat, in 1977 Henry L. Marsh was elected by the city council as the first African-American mayor of Richmond. He was elected to the Senate of Virginia in 1991, and resigned his seat in 2014.
- 1977 - The Black Liberation Army was an underground, black nationalist militant organization that operated in the United States from 1970 to 1981. Composed largely of former Black Panthers (BPP), the organization's program was one of "armed struggle" against the oppression and tyranny of the U.S. Government, and its stated goal was to "take up arms for the liberation and self-determination of black people in the United States." The BLA carried out a series of bombings, murders, robberies (which participants termed "expropriations"), and prison breaks.
- 1977 - Weather Underground was a white American militant radical left-wing organization founded on the Ann Arbor campus of the University of Michigan. In 1970 the group issued a "Declaration of a State of War" against the United States government, under the name "Weather Underground Organization". Their bombing campaign targeted mostly government buildings, along with several banks and called for a "white fighting force" to be allied with the "Black Liberation Movement" and other radical movements to achieve "the destruction of U.S. imperialism and achieve a classless world: world communism". The Weathermen began to disintegrate after the United States reached a peace accord in Vietnam in 1973 and became defunct by the mid seventies.
HOW LONG WILL WHITE-AMERICANS |
SIT ON THE FENCE?
The purpose of this feature is to arrive at an honest and reliable answer how white Americans feel about black citizens. What better way to accomplish this than to examine its past leaders who represented the communities they served. The three greatest Presidents in American history are revisited for their treatment of black people. Their actions or inactions will without a doubt give us a clue.
George Washington is considered the Father of our country. His contemporaries which included men such as John Adams, John Dickinson, and Willam Whipple just to name a few disliked slavery. Whipple, who was a signer of the Declaration couldn't bring himself to sign the document without first freeing his slave and Dickinson did the same. These men, among others, sincerely believed in the principle that all men are created equal and have the right to life liberty and the pursuit of happiness.
Another of Washington's contemporaries was British author Thomas Day who made the following comment about America's founders:
"If there be an object truly ridiculous in nature, it is an American patriot, signing resolutions of independency with the one hand, and with the other brandishing a whip over his affrighted slaves."
While the Declaration was being created and debated most founders were content in sweeping the slave issue under the rug by leaving out much mention of black slaves because many of them were slaveholders themselves and figured this would make them look like hypocrites.
During the war, the colonist and British actively sought and recruited black slaves to fight and promised freedom after the victory. It's well recorded that slaves fought with courage and valor that ensured American success. George Washington himself remarked in writing:
Washington wrote a letter to Colonel Henry Lee III stating that success in the war would come to whatever side could arm the blacks the fastest.
But after victory, America didn't keep its promises, and most blacks were forced back into slavery. Of course, George Washington had to know about this but did nothing. Washington had many slaves himself and didn't want to free them and damage his financial stake. History shows he put money interests ahead of principle. Washington was a brilliant soldier but failed as an upholder of truth and justice. As a leader, Washington's inaction would set the tone for future race relations in our country.
Washington had trivialized the principle of human rights for black people, the very complaint the Patriots had against England and the reason the war was fought. It's sad to say, but Washington didn't stay in the truth, but at least the British kept their promise by shipping the many blacks who fought on their side to Sierra Leone Africa and Nova Scotia for a new life.
In contrast to George Washington, Abraham Lincoln evidently didn't share Washington's view of the principles this country was founded. Lincoln was an ardent lover of truth and democracy. He took pride in doing the right thing. We must be honest in saying Lincoln had adamant opinions how he felt about black people personally. He would go on to make the following quotes;
"As I would not be a slave, so I would not be a master. This expresses my idea of democracy. Whatever differs from this to the extent of the difference, is no democracy."
"I have no purpose to introduce political and social equality between the white and the black races.... But I hold that ... there is no reason in the world why the negro is not entitled to all the natural rights enumerated in the Declaration of Independence, the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness."
"Nearly eighty years ago we began by declaring that all men are created equal; but now from that beginning, we have run down to the other declaration, that for some men to enslave others is a "sacred right of self-government." Our republican robe is soiled and trailed in the dust.… Let us repurify it. Let us re-adopt the Declaration of Independence, and with it, the practices, and policy, which harmonize with it.… If we do this, we shall not only have saved the Union: but we shall have saved it, as to make, and keep it, forever worthy of the saving."
Now it's very clear from the many negative comments Abraham Lincoln made against black people he wasn't likely to have them over for dinner or have any other social interaction. But if living in our day would have probably changed his views. He was well known for his ability to adapt. So why was he a great President?
Because even though Lincoln felt blacks were not equal, he still felt they should be able to enjoy all the rights a white person did. HOW COURAGEOUS! Lincoln went against the grain and chose to institute the Emancipation Proclamation which freed the slaves and Reconstruction Acts that would eventually give blacks citizenship and the right to vote.
Lincoln understood what every single President in American history ignored, and that the most important thing for America to keep sacred was upholding the principles of human rights and equality for all. Something that had never been accomplished in any government of humankind's history. Throughout the years all U.S. Presidents bowed down to racist white power and sold out these principles.
FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT
During the Roosevelt administration, America would proclaim itself a moral leader of the entire world for human rights and democracy.
Without a doubt, this opened the door for the advancement of black people. This was when The Black Cabinet who were an informal group of African-American public policy advisors to the President came into existence, an accomplishment unheard of up until that time.
Roosevelt also issued Executive Order 8802, which created the Fair Employment Practice Committee (FEPC) which was the most significant federal move in support of the rights of African-Americans between Reconstruction and the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The President's order stated that the federal government would not hire any person based on their race, color, creed, or national origin. Millions of blacks and women achieved better jobs and better pay as a result.
In 1942, at Eleanor's instigation, Roosevelt met with a delegation of African-American leaders, who demanded full integration into the armed forces, including the right to serve in combat roles and the Navy, the Marine Corps and the United States Army Air Forces. Roosevelt agreed, but then did nothing to implement his promise.
Roosevelt also had a Vice President named Henry Wallace who was a true lover of democracy, justice, and liberty for all. Wallace was a different breed of people of his day because he believed all races were equal in America and weren't afraid to voice this. But sadly, Roosevelt didn't support Wallace as Vice President for his final term in office choosing instead go with Harry Truman who as a younger man once voiced how he felt about non-whites:
"I think one man is as good as another as long as he's decent and honest and not a nigger or a Chinaman. The Lord made the man out of dust, the nigger from mud and threw up what was left to create the Chinaman."
Roosevelt was a mixed bag when it came to upholding the principles the nation was founded. For example, there were black leaders during his administration who petitioned the United Nations with the declaration of Genocide that the government was committing against blacks. Roosevelt failed to see the importance of being proactive in upholding the principles of the Declaration of Independence for all citizens.
What can we learn from these three great men?
The one most important observation is there weren't any of these Presidents who sincerely liked black people, and throughout the years America's white citizens haven't been any different. The honest truth is whites don't care for blacks as brothers. In their eyes, it's either white superiority or black superiority and forget all that brother crap.
But on the other hand black people view themselves as Americans and don't understand why they can't be looked upon and treated the same as an Irish American, Italian American, English American, Polish American, etc. and are always seeking inclusion as one big happy American family which makes total sense but sad to say many whites can't truthfully see beyond color (which represents advantage).
When it's all said and done racism exist because of money and pride. Just imagine if every single black person in America was a millionaire and lacked for nothing and controlled the purse strings with all white people in extreme poverty begging and eating out of garbage cans. This would eliminate the bulk of racism because whites wouldn't have any power.
Money=power, but money doesn't have to equal hate, it what the one with the power chooses to do with it. This is where pride comes in because all racist feel they are special people and their way of doing things is the best way, the superior way and the only way as far as they are concerned. People have the power to opt for love, but always choose selfishness and hate.
Because of this, America has never been the one nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all we see on television, and being the father of our country, George Washington started these false beliefs and practices.
Generally speaking, white citizens today are not much different than these three past Presidents and through the years have become three distinct classes:
(1) George Washington class: This shortsighted and selfish class puts money and greed interest ahead of principle that would promote peace and harmony for the whole.
(2) Abraham Lincoln class: This class puts the welfare of whole first and recognizes this earth doesn't belong to one single group of people and must be truthfully shared equitably.
(3) Franklin D. Roosevelt class: This class hopes for the best but won't lift a finger in achieving that. This class straddles the fence and can sympathize with both the Washington and the Lincoln class. They are wishy-washy and travels where the winds blow them.
It's important to remember that all three classes don't particularity like blacks and have minimal association with them if any, and this is said because even today it's rare for the races to mingle and when they do can be uncomfortable in a social setting, how ridiculous! The race with the power is the only one that can change this for the better. It's that simple.
In a sense, Washington created the blueprint for a distorted and false view of American principles that became the norm in much of America's dealings with black people. Abraham Lincoln tried to do away with this damaging logic and desired America to live up to the principles it was founded and died for his beliefs. Roosevelt dabbled on either side by sitting on the fence of inaction and did little for principle because being partakers of a privileged life was more advantageous to his class.
The danger of this, of course, was that in continuing to undermine principle, the prospect would exist of being faced with an America that wouldn't be recognizable. Lincoln was the only President to understand and appreciate this danger.
“Ignorance of how we are shaped racially is the first sign of privilege. In other words. It is a privilege to ignore the consequences of race in America.” Tim Wise
So has America changed, if yes, what has she become?
Good question, but you must answer yourself.
But there are many more questions that need to be answered. Because of the folly of greed and racism and lack of action to speak out by the real Americans, has this country morphed into another form of power that is completely different than it started out? Has it become like an insatiable, greedy, detestable and ugly monster without a soul or conscience?
THE CIVIL RIGHTS BATTLE HAS BEEN WON!
We are extremely happy and excited for the future!
There are smaller battles ahead, but we will prevail.
It was a horrific journey.
We thought after slavery was outlawed in 1863, everything would be okay.
But instead, it was a big disappointment the next hundred years for blacks.
Since emancipation blacks have been murdered by lynch mobs, tortured, raped, assaulted, disrespected, demoralized, discouraged and made to feel less than human, and a search of history would reveal blacks seldom retaliated but always longed for peace and justice. But after the victorious civil rights battle, many are in terrible shape mentally, but we will keep on pushing. We've come too far to quit now.
Most white Americans along with our United States government actively participated in atrocities that bordered on genocide against blacks either by their silence or direct involvement, but there were also many good white American brothers who understood the true meaning of democracy for all.
We couldn't have been victorious without them. Our Civil Rights leaders have been excellent moral examples for us since freedom from slavery. It was a collective effort. They unselfishly lead blacks and did an outstanding job.
They were the only hope of a race of people without a voice in a privileged white society who had kidnapped our U.S. Constitution to their own selfish advantage.
We would like to take this opportunity to give recognition to ones who have helped our American struggle. This is not a complete listing by any means. There were many more shining examples of Americans, both black and white.
But now since we are victorious with our Civil Rights and ready to travel the next phase of our journey, we need strong black leaders who will teach us the critical importance of education. So an important question needs to be answered.
We need to know...
Our fearless Civil Rights leaders have victoriously completed their task and have proudly passed the baton to all African American Mothers and Fathers to continue the struggle by raising our children with high moral standards encouraging them to achieve and soar like the eagles.
The new black leaders of our community,
Aren't they beautiful?
They would make our ancestors very proud!
I think I feel a tear coming
Getting Faded in the 70s
The Long Island Iced Tea was named for its resemblance to non-alcoholic Iced tea.
Having fun with my peoples, getting faded and blastin The Manhattans
Eating, drinkin and having fun in the 70s
| Getting Faded and Having Fun in 1977 |
For some people back in the 70s, it was nothing better than hanging out with your peoples, talking smack or quietly listening, laughing and getting faded on the following feel good liquors:
- TJ Swan
- Wild Irish Rose
- Boone's Farm
- Thunderbird --
"What's the word? Thunderbird, How's it sold? Good and cold, What's the jive? Bird's alive, What's the price? Thirty twice."
- MD 20/20
- Night Train
- Cold Duck
- Colt 45
- Old English
- Schlitz Malt
- Korbel Brandy
- E & J Brandy
- Gin and Grapefruit Juice
- Tequila Sunrise
- Bacardi Cocktail
- Pina Colada
Tequila Sunrise garnished
with orange & cherry
I still have a headache, but had a blast!
Don't forget those wild and loud games of dominoes with folks slamming bones on the table and running off at the mouth. Here are some of the trash words being said:
- HEY! hit me five times
- Who dat knocking at my door?
- Fish and bread keep po' men fed
- All money ain't good money
- Beef steak and gravy
- Ten keys, come and get some of these
- 4 hoes and a pimp
- 3 switchin bitches
- Rock and I'm out
Can't have fun without those beats, these are the songs that were blasting on the turntable in 1977 while enjoying ourselves:
Beats in the 70s - photo#library
- Best of My Love, Emotions
- Don't Leave Me This Way, Thelma Houston
- I'm Your Boogie Man, K.C. Sunshine Band
- Got to Give It Up, Pt. 1, Marvin Gaye
- Sir Duke, Stevie Wonder
- Car Wash, Rose Royce
- Easy, The Commodores
- I've Got Love On My Mind, Natalie Cole
- Enjoy Yourself, The Jacksons
- I Wish, Stevie Wonder
- Strawberry Letter 23, Brothers Johnson
- Float On, The Floaters
- Wanna Get Next To You, Rose Royce
- Boogie Nights, Heatwave
WOW! I miss 1977
The year 1877 was the worst year for American Blacks
A good foundation means everything when attempting to build and the newly freed Negro just didn't have one. When slaves first tasted freedom in the emancipation, they wanted to assimilate into American culture very badly. They wanted to build and live their lives in harmony with their white American brothers.
There were over four million former slaves who were uneducated and illiterate without any life skills whatsoever. During slavery it was illegal and a felony for anyone caught teaching them to read and write. They were not independent like you and me, but depended on others to provide the necessities of life.
The United States government wanted to help the former slaves and assisted by providing Reconstruction aid which meant education, medical, housing, etc. Imagine the joy in these former slaves heart. The schools were consistently packed with Negroes trying to better themselves. Happiness was all around! Finally! Thank you America, we will prove we can do it! YEAH! This was the general attitude of the Negro.
Sadly, this joy was very short lived because the United States government stopped aid after a few short years because of pressure by racist whites. This totally uncaring and un-American decision was called the 1877 Compromise, with many Negroes calling it the 1877 Grand Betrayal.
Although the Negro was now free, he would have to make do the best way he knew how, without any help whatsoever from the government who put him in slavery in the first place. These people became downtrodden, uneducated nomads living in a hateful white racist world, and because of future laws (Jim Crow) further restricting their rights would remain this way until the 1960s Civil Rights movement.
A good foundation was not laid with blacks assimilation into American culture. Many blacks were understandably demoralized, angry and defeated for many years. The weaker ones continue to be so until this day and still hold a grudge that hurts themselves more than anybody else.
Now ones like Mr. Lewis who is pictured above understood his fantastic African American heritage, and the many examples of black success stories he went on to model his life after. This helped him because he had a good foundation to build on. Study your incredible history that's included in this website and grow because it really is a thing of extraordinary beauty.
|| sLANG tALK in 1977 |
- Do Your Own Thing! - whatever pleases you
- Be yourself! - don't be a fake
- Do what you want to do - whatever pleases you
- Laid Back - taking it easy, relaxed
- Psyche - excited, energized
- The Crib and going to the Gig - home
- The Gig - job
- Dream On - hopeful
- Kicks - shoes
- Mackin - gettin the girls
- Off The Hook - extra cool
- Old School - old fashioned
- Pad - home
- In Your Face! - victory
- That's Sick! - awesome
- The Man - police
- To The Max - maximum
- Yo Mama - term of endearment, joking around
- Chill - take it easy
- Feel Tha Funk - groove and feel the music
- Catch My Drift - do you understand?
- Chillaxin - relaxing
- Chump - punk
- Copasetic - something cool, hip
- Don't Bogart - don't hold the joint too long, pass it around
- Doobie - a joint
- Dude - a guy
- For Rizzle - I didn't know that
- Foxy - sexy girl
- Gimme Five - cool handshake
- Hood - a ghetto person
- Trippin - going wacko
- Pig - police
- Pimpin - a guy good with the ladies
- Dig It - understand
- Backatcha! - you too
- Brick House - super fine woman
- Can You Dig It - you understand?
- Right On - agree
- Stone Groove - extra cool and fun
Lawrence Hilton-Jacobs from Welcome back Kotter Fame
Danielle Spencer of What's Happening!!
Sanford and Son
Della Reese did some commercial work for Kraft Foods in 1977
Isabel Sanford with
The Jeffersons co-stars, Sherman Hemsley and Mike Evans
| Television / Movies in 1977 |
- Greased Lightning - film starring Richard Pryor and Pam Grier, a film loosely based on the true life story of Wendell Scott, the first African American NASCAR Sprint Cup Series race winner.
- Which Way Is Up? - a 1977 comedy film starring Richard Pryor.
- Sanford and Son which aired from 1972-1977 was a show we could go to to get our laugh on. We grew up with Redd Foxx, so we knew of his reputation and raw delivery with comedy. Poor Lamont, always getting the worst hand when dealing with his dad, but dad did it all with love. In 2007, Time magazine included the show on their list of the "100 Best TV Shows of All Time". The Sanford and Son show is dearly missed.
- The Jeffersons - is an black sitcom that was broadcast on CBS from January 18, 1975, through July 2, 1985. The show focuses on George and (weezy) Louise Jefferson, an affluent African-American couple living in New York City. Proud George loved his family, a little man carried a big stick and wasn't afraid of anybody. Movin on Up!
- What's Happening!! - was a television show that aired from 1976-1979. It was a show everyone could relate. Roger, Dwayne, and Rerun were your typical teenagers getting themselves in a jam most of the time about something, and smart mouth Dee always saying I'm gonna tell my mama! Most episodes focused on the goals of teenage males: meeting girls, finding afterschool jobs, and planning for the future.
- Alex Haley's Roots was made into a television miniseries that aired over eight consecutive nights in January 1977. ABC network television executives chose to "dump" the series into a string of airings rather than space out the broadcasts because they were uncertain how the public would respond to the controversial, racially charged themes of the show. The series garnered huge ratings and became an overnight sensation. Approximately 130 million Americans tuned in at some time during the eight broadcasts. The concluding episode on January 30, 1977, has been ranked as the third most-watched telecast of all time by the Nielsen Corporation.
- Welcome Back Kotter -
In 1975 who could forget those crazy "Sweathogs" always into something bad? Their wisecracking teacher Mr. Kotter, played by Gabe Kaplan would have us dying laughing with his corny sense of humor. Vinnie Barbarino played by (John Travolta) went on to become an excellent actor. The rest of the characters were Arnold Horshack (Ron Palillo), Juan Luis Pedro Felipo de Huevos Epstein, played by (Robert Hegyes), Julie Kotter played by (Marcia Strassman), The vice-principle Michael Woodman played by (John Sylvester White) and last but not least Mr. Soul Brother himself, Freddie "Boom Boom" Percy Washington, played by Lawrence Hilton-Jacobs. The show aired 1975-1979.
(Welcome Back Kotter Trivia)
Local ABC affiliate in Boston didn't want to air the show because the city was going through a period of school busing and there was a lot of rioting and protest going on. As you know, Welcome back Kotter had an integrated classroom, and they didn't want to make the white public feel like they were rubbing this in their faces. But after early success from the show, the affiliate jumped aboard around the 5th episode.
- 1977 - The Family Viewing Hour was a policy established by the Federal Communications Commission in the United States in 1975. Under the policy, each television network in the U.S. had a responsibility to air "family-friendly" programming during the first hour of the prime time lineup (8 to 9 p.m. Eastern Time). The hour disappeared in 1977 after the policy was declared unconstitutional and overturned in court. Analysis: and it's been downhill for America ever since.
movies that emerged in the United States in the 1970s targeted for black audiences
- Black Fist: a film featuring a streetfighter who goes to work for a white gangster and a corrupt cop.
- Black Samurai: stars Jim Kelly (martial artist).
- Bare Knuckles: stars Robert Viharo, Sherry Jackson and Gloria Hendry.
- Petey Wheatstraw stars popular blaxploitation genre comedian Rudy Ray Moore.
Floyd Mayweather Jr.
| Famous Birthdays in 1977 |
- February 4, 1977 - Shedrack Anderson is an American actor.
- Feb 24, 1977 - Floyd Mayweather, Jr.,is a professional boxer.
- March 14, 1977 - Blade Icewood was an American rapper from Detroit, Michigan.
- May 8, 1977 - Bad News Brown was a Montreal-based Canadian entertainer.
- June 8, 1977 - Kanye West is an American rapper, songwriter, record producer, director, entrepreneur, and fashion designer.
- June 26, 1977 - Camu Tao was an American rapper and producer who was signed to the Definitive Jux label.
- July 9, 1977 - Party Arty was an American rapper from The Bronx, New York.
- September 9, 1977 - Soulja Slim was an American rapper.
- October 9, 1977 - Yaki Kadafi was an American rapper who was best known as a founder and member of the rap groups Outlawz and Dramacydal.
- October 17, 1977 - Alimi Ballard is an American actor. He is perhaps best known for his role as FBI agent David Sinclair on a CBS drama television series.
- November 18, 1977 - Fabolous is an American hip hop recording artist from Brooklyn, New York City.
Eddie "Rochester" Anderson
Fannie Lou Hamer
| Famous Deaths in 1977 |
- January 1, 1977 - Roland Hayes was an American lyric tenor.and composer. He is considered the first African-American male concert artist to receive wide acclaim both at home and internationally.
- February 28, 1977 - Eddie also known as Eddie "Rochester" Anderson, was an American comedian and actor.
- March 14, 1977 - Fannie Lou Hamer,voting rights activist and civil rights leader.
- September 1, 1977 - Ethel Waters, African-American blues, jazz and gospel vocalist and actress.
- September 7, 1977 - Jesse B. Blayton, Sr., pioneer African American radio station entrepreneur.
IF NOT, WHY SO DIFFICULT TO FIND FOR MANY?
National issues have always been compounded for black males and females in America. The feminist movement of the 70s ushered in a division between men and women relationships both black and white. It taught the woman to be self-reliant, strong and independent from the male, and we must all admit she has down an outstanding job.
But in regards to relationships, black women had another issue to add to this because the black male in America has historically been a target of hate and fear and will probably continue to be so. After the 60s, the face of racism and exclusion changed its ugly image from overt to covert for the most part which can be just as damaging.
Let's be totally honest. Black men are simply not well liked or spoken of kindly in America. Just about every article we read in the papers or internet is something negative when editors just as easily could have chosen a positive story of black male kindness. People tolerate black men, but don't want any part of us, or to get to know us as human beings or fellow Americans.
After slavery whites instituted illegal laws that were 100% against our Constitution which enabled them to build an enormous and exclusive white power structure that still stands today.
Even today many black men are intimidated by this power structure and refuse to challenge it in an intelligent way, like picking up a book and using their God-given brain power. This is why our distant ancestors in Africa who come to America as immigrants to enroll in American colleges don't want anything to do with black Americans.
They think we're foolish for wasting this incredible opportunity in gaining success. They know it's not because black American males can't do it, it's because we don't want to do it. To prove this point, Google "African immigrants in college" and discover that African/Asian immigrants out-perform all races academically in higher learning.
No one would deny that African-Americans and Africans are from the same stock of humanity. So why is it black immigrants can achieve on such a high level in America and we don't?
It's because we start out the gate with a disadvantage created by this humongous power structure against us and even more sad is our own people, AKA black role models who sell their damaging and harmful products which teaches our young males an entirely different approach to American success while they pad their already fat pocketbooks.
These people fail to uplift our race and are always portraying negative images and imply that something is owed to us and we should feel sorry for ourselves, so why even try? What they rap/sing/act about doesn't include books and education but glorifies a life of having fun each and every day. For the most part, good black parents struggle to compete with these very powerful enemies and lose their sons to the streets.
Before the movement, there were more blacks who were married than whites. But that would later change. When the opportunity presented itself, these aggressive and amazing black women took off to achieve and soar like the eagles, leaving the intimidated black male in the dust with his foolish boy-like games. Many black women would go on to raise families without the intimidated and targeted black man in the children's life.
No one better than her understood what the black male was going through facing everyday life, and she would have supported him if he would have put up some intelligent fight, but many struggling black men didn't and chose a foolish life of running game, and backwards living that's opposite of what it takes for American success.
In today's world, black women probably encounter these same struggling black men much more than the successful ones in their quest for love, but judge them as all the same.
Many extraordinary black men have figured out the white power structure game and became successful at it, and continues to do so.
There are tons of black fellas who are intelligent, honorable, stable, gainfully employed, and faithful who just desires a smart, sexy, girly black woman who understands how to relax in her femininity and allow the man to rest in his masculinity for the well-being of the relationship.
These extraordinary single black men sincerely wonder if they stand an ounce of a chance with the characteristic traits of a typical Black American woman.
Who are today's black women? We all know they are amazing human beings to accomplish what they have, but have they out-smarted themselves in regards to male-female relationships?
How would you answer?
Letisha is a 30-year-old college educated black woman who has worked hard as a lawyer to achieve the lifestyle she adores which includes a lovely home, luxury cars, plenty of cash in the bank and much food in the refrigerator. In a good year, Letisha will make $150,000. Letisha doesn't want for anything except for meeting a nice man, falling in love and getting married.
Lamont is a blue collar worker earning just enough to get by. He is self-taught in everything he does and is quite smart. He owns a junk yard that was left to him by his long-deceased dad, Fred. Lamont prefers his profession to be recognized as dealing in commodities. He loves his work. He just doesn't make much money from it. In a good year, Lamont will make $35,000.
Letisha decides to treat herself to a month long vacation in Hawaii staying at the best hotel. Lamont who plays the lottery every week finally hit a little jackpot decided to do the same. Fate would have these two young black people meeting and discovering an instant attraction and love connection, and happy they have a whole month to nurture it along.
Lamont and Letisha are inseparable the entire vacation. Letisha explains to Lamont that she's a lawyer and Lamont explains to her he's a dealer in commodities. They are so connected; they never run out of words to say, and even finish each other's sentences. Well, needless to say, they eventually make mad passionate love with Letisha shedding one tear which was always her gauge of a real lover.
Letisha and Lamont were very excited about what the future held for them. Possible marriage was even discussed. On the last day of vacation, they exchanged addresses. Letisha was so excited she expressed to Lamont she couldn't wait to visit him. Two weeks later and upon arriving at Lamont's junkyard business she couldn't believe the huge sign that read "Top Commodities Dealer, Lamont." Letisha made a quick u-turn and never called Lamont again. Lamont felt hurt and wondered if another type of woman would have stayed.
Which woman do you more associate with?
(1) The woman that stayed and continued with her relationship with Lamont is a level headed woman and hasn't let money cloud her view of real life and potential happiness with an otherwise good black man who had proven to stimulate both her mind and body.
(2) The woman that made the quick u-turn is the frustrated one, and always complaining about there not being any good black men because she equates money with happiness, when quite the contrary joy and love is very straightforward and easy. Being unreasonable she makes everything difficult.
Analysis: Independent black women have accomplished so much since the Civil Rights movement of the 60s, and have our wonderful African American ancestors to thank for the opportunity. Money should only be used as a tool for the benefit of the relationship between a man and woman not a gauge of another person's character or worth. Real men for decades found pride in bringing home the bacon to their wives who didn't work and those relationships worked just fine, only because money was not the primary factor, love and respect was.
| Famous Weddings in 1977 |
- June 17, 1977 - Al Green married Shirley Kyles.
- June 19, 1977 - Muhammad Ali married Veronica Porche.
- September 1977 - Bernie Mac married Rhonda Mac.
- October 6, 1977 - George Foreman married Cynthia Lewis.
- October 1977 - Marvin Gaye married Janis Hunter.
- 1977 - Shari Belafonte married Robert Harper.
- 1977 - Arthur Ashe married Jeanne Moutoussamy.
- 1977 - Richard Pryor married actress Deborah McGuire.
- 1977 - Dennis Edwards married Ruth Pointer.
- 1977 - Shirley Chisholm married Arthur Hardwick, Jr.
| Famous Divorces in 1977 |
- 1977 - Whoopi Goldberg and Alvin Martin were divorced.
- 1977 - Diana Ross and Robert Ellis Silberstein were divorced.
- 1977 - Ray Charles and Della Beatrice Howard were divorced.
Soul Train ran from 1971-2006
| Music in 1977 |
Billboard Top Soul Hits:
Popular Soul Dances:
- "Car Wash" Rose Royce
- "Darlin' Darlin' Baby (Sweet Tender Love)" The O'Jays
- "I Wish" Stevie Wonder
- "Don't Leave Me This Way" Thelma Houston
- "I've Got Love on My Mind" Natalie Cole
- "Tryin' to Love Two" William Bell
- "At Midnight (My Love Will Lift You Up)" Rufus featuring Chaka Khan
- "The Pride (Part 1)" The Isley Brothers
- "Got to Give It Up (Part 1)" Marvin Gaye
- "Whodunit" Tavares
- "Sir Duke" Stevie Wonder
- "Break It To Me Gently" Aretha Franklin
- "Best Of My Love" The Emotions
- "Slide" Slave
- "Strawberry Letter 23" The Brothers Johnson
- "Float On" The Floaters
- "Keep It Comin' Love"KC & the Sunshine Band
- "It's Ecstasy When You Lay Down Next To Me" Barry White
- "(Every Time I Turn Around) Back in Love Again" L.T.D.
- "Serpentine Fire" Earth, Wind & Fire
Musical Happenings in 1977:
- The Bump
- Walking the dog
- The Worm
- The Rock Steady
- The Breakdown
- The Funky Chicken
- Electric Slide
- Locking - Roboting - Popping
- Breakdancing - B-boying
- The International Academy of Jazz Hall of Fame, hosted at the William Pitt Student Union in the University of Pittsburgh, opens. It is the oldest jazz hall of fame.
- Soul Train was an American musical variety television program which aired in syndication from 1971 - 2006. In its 35-year history, the show primarily featured performances by R&B, soul, and hip hop artists, although funk, jazz, disco, and gospel artists also appeared. The series was created by Don Cornelius, who also served as its first host and executive producer.
American Music Awards winners in 1977:
The American Music Awards was created by Dick Clark to compete with the Grammy Awards. Michael Jackson and Donny Osmond co-hosted the first award show with Rodney Allen Rippy and Ricky Segall in 1974. Unlike the Grammys, which are awarded on the basis of votes by members of the Recording Academy, the AMAs are determined by a poll of the public and fans, who can vote through the AMAs website.
Favorite Soul/R&B Male Artist
- Stevie Wonder
Favorite Soul/R&B Female Artist
- Aretha Franklin
Favorite Soul/R&B Band, Duo, or Group
- Earth Wind and Fire
Favorite Soul/R&B Album
- Songs in the Key of Life - Stevie Wonder
Favorite Soul/R&B Single
- "You'll Never Find (Another Love Like Mine)" - Lou Rawls
- "Play That Funky Music" - Wild Cherry
Favorite Country Male Artist
- Charley Pride
Grammy winners in 1977:
The 19th Annual Grammy Awards were held on February 19, 1977, and were broadcast live on American television (CBS). They recognized accomplishments by musicians from the year 1976.
Record of the Year
- "This Masquerade" - George Benson (artist) & Tommy LiPuma (producer)
Album of the Year
- Songs in the Key of Life - Stevie Wonder (artist) & Stevie Wonder (producer)
Best Comedy Recording
- Richard Pryor for Bicentennial Nigger
Album of Best Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or Television Special
- Norman Whitfield (composer) for Car Wash performed by various artists
Best Soul Gospel Performance
- Mahalia Jackson for How I Got Over
Best Jazz Performance by a Soloist (Instrumental)
- Count Basie for Basie and Zoot
Best Jazz Performance by a Big Band
- Duke Ellington for The Ellington Suites
Best Jazz Vocal Performance
- Ella Fitzgerald for Fitzgerald and Pass...Again
Best Album Notes
- Dan Morgenstern (notes writer) for The Changing Face of Harlem, the Savoy Sessions performed by Various Artists
Best Pop Vocal Performance, Male
- "Songs in the Key of Life" - Stevie Wonder
Best Pop Instrumental Performance
- Breezin' - George Benson
Best Producer of the Year
- Stevie Wonder
Best R&B Vocal Performance, Female
- alie Cole for "Sophisticated Lady (She's a Different Lady)"
Best R&B Vocal Performance, Male
- Stevie Wonder for "I Wish"
Best R&B Vocal Performance by a Duo, Group or Chorus
- Billy Davis Jr. & Marilyn McCoo for "You Don't Have to Be a Star (To Be in My Show)"
Best R&B Instrumental Performance
- George Benson for "Theme From Good King Bad"
“Ignorance of how we are shaped racially is the first sign of privilege. In other words. It is a privilege to ignore the consequences of race in America.” Tim Wise
How did it begin?
Actually, it's a worldwide negative perception of whites, but why? Well, a quick and simple trip back in history will get the probable answer.
The best way to describe European history would be wars, wars, and more wars.
The Europeans wanted better and pursued a life of civilization as opposed to barbarism. They discovered a tool that would help them with that. It was called Science, which was a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe. In other words, every single thing would be studied and scrutinized.
Foolishly, church leaders of that day welcomed science, but it would eventually become a direct enemy of humanity's maker.
Because science would teach the ordinary person to believe in themselves and the intellectual powers, they possess as opposed to an All Mighty Creator. Because the Creator of the universe is mathematically correct, once these early scientists were able to figure equations for themselves in regards to nature, they felt there were like a god. Science would also teach the world to exist because of a Big Bang theory and evolution, instead of being created.
Did these early Europeans belief in science affect the Negro?
Absolutely! It affected all tribal nature human beings. Whites collectively proclaimed themselves superior and this is where the trouble started for the rest of humankind. The Europeans were much smarter and more advanced than tribal communities. Millions of Negroes and other races lost their lives and suffered much because of science.
Before slavery, the Negro had been isolated from the rest of the world for many years due to the humongous Sahara Desert to the North and the Arab slave traders to the East made it tough if not impossible to travel. They weren't able to share in the new learning discoveries the world were experiencing. These people were a group lost in time, away from the modern world.
Once the Portuguese got the slave trade started with the entire world, the scientist had an opportunity to scrutinize and evaluate the lowly Negro, and I have to warn you right now it wasn't pretty.
An illustration from the influential American magazine Harper's Weekly shows an alleged similarity between "Irish Iberian" and "Negro" features in contrast to the higher "Anglo-Teutonic." The accompanying caption reads "The Iberians are believed to have been originally an African race, which thousands of years ago spread themselves through Spain over Western Europe. Their remains are found in the barrows, or burying places, in various parts of these countries. The skulls are of a small prognathous type. They came to Ireland and mixed with the natives of the South and West, who themselves are supposed to have been of small type and descendants of savages of the Stone Age, who, in consequence of isolation from the rest of the world, had never been out-competed in the healthy struggle of life, and thus made way, according to the laws of nature, for superior races." (this is an Harper's Weekly assessment of race, not ours) photo#101-yr-2015
The following excerpts are scientist views of the Negro back then:
Charles White (1728–1813), an English physician and surgeon, believed that races occupied different stations in the "Great Chain of Being," and he tried to scientifically prove that human races have distinct origins from each other. He believed that Whites and Negroes were two different species. White was a believer in polygeny, the idea that different races had been created separately.
Immanuel Kant (1724–1804) was a German philosopher who said "The yellow Indians do have a little talent. The Negroes are far below them, and at the lowest point are a part of the American people".
Franz Ignaz Pruner (1808–1882) was a medical doctor who studied the racial structure of Negroes in Egypt. In a book which he wrote in 1846, he claimed that Negro blood had a negative influence on the Egyptian moral character. He argued that the main feature of the Negro's skeleton is prognathism, which he claimed was the Negro's relation to the ape. He also argued that Negroes had very similar brains to apes and that Negros have a shortened big toe, which is a characteristic connecting Negroes closely to apes.
Carl Linnaeus (1707–1778), the Swedish physician, botanist, and zoologist says The Afer or Africanus: black, phlegmatic, relaxed; black, frizzled hair; silky skin, flat nose, tumid lips; females without shame; mammary glands give milk abundantly; crafty, sly, careless; anoints himself with grease; and regulated by will.
Scottish lawyer Henry Home, Lord Kames (1696-1782) was a polygenist: he believed God had created different races on Earth in separate regions. In his 1734 book Sketches on the History of Man, Home claimed that the environment, climate, or state of society could not account for racial differences, so the races must have come from distinct, separate stocks.
Charles Darwin (1809 – 19 April 1882) apparently believed that the struggle for existence among humans would result in racial extermination. In Descent of Man he asserted, "At some future period, not very distant as measured by centuries, the civilized races of man will almost certainly exterminate and replace throughout the world the savage races.
When comparing Caucasians to Negroes, Voltaire (1694 – 1778) compared them to different breeds of dog:
The Negro race is a species of men different from ours as the breed of spaniels is from that of greyhounds. The mucous membrane, or network, which Nature has spread between the muscles and the skin, is white in us and black or copper-colored in them.
Benjamin Rush (1745–1813), a Founding Father of the United States and a physician, proposed that being black was a hereditary skin disease, which he called "negroidism," and that it could be cured. Rush believed non-whites were white underneath, but they were stricken with a non-contagious form of leprosy which darkened their skin color. Rush drew the conclusion that "Whites should not tyrannize over [blacks], for their disease should entitle them to a double portion of humanity. However, by the same token, whites should not intermarry with them, for this would tend to infect posterity with the 'disorder'... attempts must be made to cure the disease.
The German anatomist Johann Blumenbach (1752–1840) was a believer in monogenism, the concept that all races have a single origin. He also believed in the "degeneration theory" of racial backgrounds. He said that Adam and Eve were Caucasian and that other races came about by degeneration from environmental factors, such as the sun and poor dieting and believed that the degeneration could be reversed if proper environmental control was taken and that all contemporary forms of man could revert to the original Caucasian race. According to Blumenbach, there are five races, all belonging to a single species: Caucasian, Mongolian, Ethiopian, American, and Malay. Blumenbach said: I have allotted the first place to the Caucasian because this stock displays the most beautiful race of men.
O.K. O.K., enough already! I told you it wasn't going to be pretty.
The beliefs these so-called scholars had is the single most reason why millions of Negroes were tortured, murdered and raped throughout history. Scientist published their findings as fact and people all over the world believed them.
But we wonder what the scientist would say if alive today with access to a computer, and visit Google to type in the key phrase "African immigrants in college" they would discover that these same Africans out-perform academically
every single race in America's colleges.
That's interesting, but what does it prove?
It proves that intelligence is not dependent on skin color or race, but instead access to education and a fertile mind to receive instruction. In America, slavery happened years ago but damaged and demoralized the fertile minds of many black Americans, and continues down to this day. There are some blacks who think of education and learning as a white thing and don't want anything to do with it, now if that's not an effect of slavery I don't know what is.
Doesn't It boggles the mind that these so-called superior, intelligent and civilized humans didn't for one time think to share their knowledge of enlightenment with the world so all could live a better life, be happy and progress? No, sadly these people chose to claim white superiority, to dominate and to kill weaker ones similar to the barbarian way of life they came. An example of this is with Colonialism.
What is Colonialism?
Colonialism is the establishment, exploitation, maintenance, acquisition, and expansion of colony in one territory by a political power from another territory. It is a set of unequal relationships between the colonial power and the colony and often between the colonists and the indigenous population.
In other words a much powerful nation sets up shop in a weaker nation by force and robs the resources and forces the natives to work as slaves for little or no pay while grossly benefiting from unequal trade activities while depositing profits to it's mother country.
Colonial rule in the Belgian Congo began in the late 19th century under King Leopold II
of Belgium. Leopold exploited the Congo for its natural resources, first ivory and later rubber which was becoming a valuable commodity. The regime in the Congo was responsible for using forced labor, murder and mutilation to force native Congolese
who did not fulfill quotas for rubber collections. It's estimated millions of Congolese
died during this time.
Colonialism demoralized the native population making Europe stronger and Africa weaker. Even though many white nations participated, non-Europeans nations included, the United Kingdom was the king in this horrible act against humanity.
Because of whites belief in science aided with their secondary faith in religion, they felt they were obligated to save and civilize the world. Google "White man's Burden" for proof of this belief, and by the way our United States President Teddy Roosevelt loved the White Man's Burden theory.
Whites tend to have a poor memory in regards to their crimes against humanity, but the other nations who suffered through it haven't forgotten, because just like the effects of slavery still lingers for blacks in America, people who suffered through colonialism still feel the pain and can see with their literal eye the destruction it left behind.
There isn't any denying that science has also helped make our lives better, but the responsibility that goes along with it is simply too much for humans to handle. Whites did not temper science with love and common sense. Just look around the world today, and you would probably agree we are on the brink of destruction with pollution, nuclear weapons, degradation of the earth, etc. are all products of science. The bad far outweigh the good.
Early science also taught Europeans it was man's nature to compete. In fact, they felt it was healthy and natural to compete to create superior human beings, especially white ones. This erroneous belief about competition would go on to be the largest difference in European and African cultures.
Whites brought these competitive qualities and attitudes with them from Europe. Africans were totally opposite because in their homeland everything was shared and done for the tribal community. There wasn't an I in Africa, it was US.
Blacks played an enormous role in the building of this country, even with hands tied behind their backs but were not welcome to participate. Whites felt that it just didn't look and feel right for blacks to be associated with superior whites in the building of America.
So white Americans kidnapped the U.S. Constitution and created laws (Jim Crow) to keep things entirely separate and achieved like crazy in all aspects of life, and boasting white superiority.
It has not been proven that competitiveness is better than teamwork. View this small list of words associated with competitiveness out of the dictionary and you'll have to agree this is the state of America today.
aggressive, brutal, cutthroat, every person for themselves, fierce, merciless, ruthless, unmerciful, vicious, voracious, without mercy,
adverse, alien, argumentative, belligerent, bitter, cold, contentious, contrary, disapproving, dour, hateful, ill-disposed, inhospitable,
inimical, malevolent, malicious, malignant, militant, nasty, ornery, pugnacious, rancorous, scrappy, sour, spiteful, unfriendly, unkind,
unpropitious, unsociable, unsympathetic, unwelcoming, viperous, warlike.
More and more blacks have developed this competitive and lofty spirit and probably will soon look down on others as well, even within our race. Ole Blue Eyes, who was a great singer and real American who viewed each human being as equal had an incredible grip on the situation about the division between blacks and whites. Check out what he said below.
One of the greatest entertainers of all times, Frank Sinatra once made a quote about the damaging effects of ones who subscribe to white superiority whether covertly or overtly.
"We've got a hell of a long way to go in this racial situation. As long as most white men think of a Negro first and a man second, we're in trouble. I don't know why we can't grow up."
Graduation fashion times in Stockton California - 1970s
Hot pants of the 1970s
Singer Billy Preston in 1974 wearing an Afro hairstyle.
Afro hairstyle of the late 60s/early 70s
photo - pixabay.com
African-American woman with short afro 1979 and silk scarves which were a popular fashion accessories for women.
Graduation fashion times in Stockton California - 1970s
Best friends fashions in Stockton California - 1970s
| Fashions and Styles in 1977 |
The 1970's fashion, often called the "Me Decade", began with a continuation of the mini skirts, bell-bottoms, and the androgynous hippie look from the late 1960s and eventually became one of the most iconic decades for fashion ever.
In the early 1970s, there was a trend for unisex men's and women's matching outfits with little to absolutely no differences. They often came together in matching sets.
Generally the most famous silhouette of the mid and late 1970s for both genders was that of tight on top and loose on bottom. The 1970s also saw the birth of the indifferent, anti-conformist approach to fashion, which consisted of sweaters, t-shirts, jeans, and sneakers.
Popular early 1970s fashions for women included Tie dye shirts, Mexican peasant blouses, folk-embroidered Hungarian blouses, ponchos, capes, and military surplus clothing. Bottom attire for women during this time included bell-bottoms, gauchos, frayed jeansmidis" (which were unpopular), and ankle-length dresses called "maxis" were also worn in the early 1970s, thus offering women three different skirt lengths.
Although the hippie look was widespread, it was not adopted by everyone. Many women still continued to dress up with more glamorous clothes, inspired by 1940s movie star glamour. Other women just adopted simple casual fashions. More simple early 1970s trends for women included fitted blazers (coming in a multitude of fabrics along with wide lapels), long and short dresses, mini skirts, maxi evening gowns, hot pants (extremely brief, tight-fitting shorts) paired with skin-tight t-shirts, his & hers outfits (matching outfits that were nearly identical to each other), and flared pants.
Clean-cut, All-American active wear for women became increasingly popular from 1975 onwards. The biggest phenomenon of this trend was the jumpsuit, popular from 1975 onwards.
Women's fashions in the late 1970s included cowl-neck shirts and sweaters, pantsuits, leisure suits, tracksuits, sundresses worn with tight t-shirts, strapless tops, lower-cut shirts, cardigans, velour shirts, tunics, robes, crop tops, tube tops, embroidered vests and jeans, knee-length skirts, loose satin pants, designer jeans, culottes, daisy dukes, and tennis shorts.
In the early 1970s boots were at the height of their popularity, continuing onward from the mid 1960s. Women had boots for every occasion, with a wide variety of styles being sold in stores for affordable prices.
Disco clothes worn by women included tube tops, sequined halterneck shirts, blazers, spandex short shorts, loose pants, form-fitting spandex pants, maxi skirts and dresses with long thigh slits, jersey wrap dresses, ball gowns, and evening gowns.
The early 1970s were a continuation of late 1960s hippie fashion. For men this particularly meant bell bottom jeans, tie dye shirts, and military surplus clothing. Other early 1970s clothes for men included matching outfits, sports jackets, khaki chinos, chunky sweaters, storm coats, battle jackets peacoats, flannel shirts, pleated pants, baseball jackets, corduroy pants, pullover sweaters and sweater vests, tassels, cardigans, and hip-huggers.
Mens footwear in the early 1970s included flip-flops, oxfords, Birkenstocks, platform shoes, earth shoes, and cowboy boots.
Fashion in the 1970s was generally informal and laid back for men. Most men simply wore jeans, sweaters, and T-shirts, which by then were being made with more elaborate designs. Men continued to wear flannel, and the Leisure suit became increasingly popular from 1975 onwards, often worn with gold medallions and oxford shoes. Vintage clothing, khaki chinos, workmens clothes, sweatshirts, leather coats, and all-denim outfits were also desired among young men.
In the mid-1960s, the Afro hairstyle began in a fairly tightly coiffed form, such as the hairstyle that became popular among members of the Black Panther Party. As the 1960s progressed towards the 1970s, popular hairstyles, both within and outside of the black African-American community, became longer and longer. As a result, the late 60s/early 70s saw an expansion in the overall size of Afros. Some of the entertainers and sociopolitical figures of the time known for wearing larger afros include political activist Angela Davis, actress Pam Grier, rock musician Jimi Hendrix, and the members of the musical groups The Jackson 5 and The Supremes.
In the 1970s, making one of the popular hairstyles for a woman didn't take a lot of time. For Blacks in the United States and elsewhere, the afro was worn by both sexes throughout the decade. It was occasionally sported by whites as an alternative to the uniform long, straight hair which was a fashion mainstay until the arrival of punk and the"disco look" when hair became shorter and centre partings were no longer the mode.
Hi there, I'm Annie.
Thanks for viewing my collection of wonderful soul-food dishes that my amazing ancestors cooked, and more than likely yours did too.
We didn't have much of anything back in the day and had to live off the scraps we were given. But like a famous rapper once said in his songs, we knew how to "make a dollar out of 15 cents" Enjoy.
Sweet Potatoes / Yams
Rice and Beans
Fish and Chips
Biscuits and Gravy
(images - https://pixabay.com/)
| Southern Cooking - Soul Food |
Have you ever wondered what African-Americans ate back in the day? Well, maybe we can help you with that. We've found the oldest known black cookbook to date.
This cookbook was written by an actual former slave woman that had once lived on a plantation, but gained her freedom with the Emancipation Proclamation moving from Mobile, Alabama to San Francisco, California where she published an entirely excellent collection of 160 authentic and tasty recipes of the Old South entitled;
"What Mrs. Fisher Knows About Southern Cooking"
This book is indeed a rare gemstone with tons of actual recipes that black folks enjoyed back in the day, but Mrs. Fisher cooking wasn't limited to blacks only, many whites also loved her delicious recipes and persuaded her to make a cookbook.
Here is just a sample of some of the southern foods mentioned in her book, and by the way, it wasn't called soul-food until the 1960's.
- Maryland Beat Biscuit
- Cream Cake
- Flannel Cakes
- Sallie Lund
- Egg Corn Bread
- Plantation Corn Bread
- Light Bread
- Lamb or Mutton Chops
- Pork Steak or Chops
- Ginger Cookies
- Sweet Wafers
Pickels, Sauces Etc.
- Sweet Cucumber Pickles
- Sweet Cucumber Mangoes
- Chow Chow
- Creole Chow Chow
- Cherry Chutney
- Game Sauce
- Compound Tomato
- Sweet Pickle Peaches
- Sweet Pickle Prunes
- Sweet Watermelon Kind Pickle
- Sauce for Boiled Fish or Mutton
- Milanese Sauce
- Sauce for Suet Pudding
- Pastry for making Pies of all kinds
- Preparing the Fruit for Pies
- Lemon Pies
- Cream Apple
- Sweet Potato
- Gooseberry and Cherry
- Light Bread
- Blackberry Roll
- Corn Fritters
Preserves, Spices, ETC.
- Brandy Peaches
- Quince Preserves
- Syrups for Preserves
- Preserved Peaches
- Preserved Pears
- Currant Jelly
- Cranberry Jelly
- Strawberry Jam
- Raspberry and Currant Jam Combined
- Marmalade Peach
- Crab Apple Jelly
- Blackberry Brandy
- Blackberry Syrup for Dysentery in Children
- Preserved Apricots
- Apple Sauce for Roast Pork
- Charlotte Eusse
- Spiced Currants
- Preserved Cherries
- Domestic Duck
- Wild Duck
Soups, Chowders, Etc.
- Calf 's Head
- Mock Turtle
- Green Turtle
- Oyster Gumbo
- Ochra Gumbo
- Old Fashioned Turnip
- Corn and Tomato
- Fish Chowder
- Chicken Gumbo
- Fricassed Chicken
- Fried Chicken
- Chicken fried Steak
- Meat Stews or Entrees
- Ice Cream
- Boiled Turkey
- Beef a la Mode
- Spiced Round
- Hog Maws
- Stuffed Ham
- Lima Beans
- Jumberlie a Creole Dish
- Baked Fish
- Ribs, Beef or Pork
- Boiled Corn
- Peach Cobbler
- Egg Plant Stuffed
- Chitterlings or "Chitlins"
- Corned Beef Hash
- Ladies' Custard
- Tonic Bitters
- Terrapin Stew
- Leaven Biscuit
- Pap for infant Diet
- Sorghum Syrup
- Meringue for Pudding
- Circuit Hash
What Mrs. Fisher Knows About Southern Cooking
Paperback – March, 1995
by Abby Fisher (Author), Karen Hess (Editor)
Southern Jewel Million Dollar Pound Cake
(this recipe is not from Mrs. Fisher cookbook, but has been in Annie's family for generations, it's everyones favorite!)
Butter: 1 pound
Sugar: 3 cups
Milk: 3/4 cup
Cake Flour: 4 cups (Soft as Silk Cake Flour)
Baking Powder: 1 teaspoon
Vanilla Flavor: 1 teaspoon
Lemon Flavor: 1 teaspoon
For best results, leave butter and eggs out overnight
Cream butter well, add sugar and mix until butter and sugar look like whip cream.
Beat each egg individually and then add with sugar and butter, mix well for at least a couple minutes.
Add milk and cake flour a little at a time, then add flavorings.
Spray Pam spray on entire round cake pan, and then add cake batter.
Bake about 1 hour and 15 minutes at 325.
Let cake cool for about 30 minutes, and then remove cake from cake pan.
United States Census for African Americans
in the 1970s
Mood ring of the 70s
| Our Community in 1977 |
Newsworthy Events in the Black Community:
- April 18, 1977 - Alex Haley, author of the highly popular "Roots", awarded the Pulitzer Prize.
- June 10, 1977 - James Earl Ray convicted murderer of Martin Luther King escapes from prison.
- July 28, 1977 - Roy Wilkins turn over the NAACP leadership to Benjamin L Hooks.
- Motown Productions produced Scott Joplin, a biographical film starring Billy Dee Williams as Joplin, released by Universal Pictures.
- Opera singer Marian Anderson was recognized and honored with the United Nations Peace Prize, New York City's Handel Medallion, and the Congressional Gold Medal, all in 1977.
- 1970s - A mood ring is a ring that changed colors based upon the temperature of the finger of the wearer. The ring included a color chart indicating the supposed mood of the wearer based upon the colors indicated on the ring.
The mood ring was a big fad in the 1970s.
- 1970s - The United States Population is 204,765,770 with a total of 22,580,289 being African Americans. Negroes are making more love and having more babies since the last census.
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