Blast From The Past:
OUR HAMITE AWARD WINNER FOR 1973:
Soul Train was an American musical variety television program which aired in syndication from 1971 until 2006. In its 35-year history, the show primarily featured performances by R&B, soul, and hip-hop artists, although funk, jazz, disco, and gospel artists also appeared.
The series was created by Don Cornelius, who also served as its first host and executive producer.
Production was suspended following the 2005–06 season, with a rerun package (known as The Best of Soul Train) airing for two years subsequently. As a nod to Soul Train's longevity, the show's opening sequence during later seasons contained a claim that it was the "longest-running first-run, nationally syndicated program in American television history," with over 1,100 episodes produced from the show's debut through the 2005-06 season.
Despite the production hiatus, Soul Train will continue to hold that honor until at least 2016, if and when its nearest competitor, Entertainment Tonight, completes its 35th season. If ET does not complete a 35th season, Wheel of Fortune will surpass it in 2018 if it continues to air.
Sometimes I wonder if African Americans really and truly understand how special we are. Our African American ancestors sailed rough and vicious seas to a land filled with hate against them, forced to work day after day from sunrise to sunset and still kept a positive attitude, and even after all of this cruel treatment were able to create something out of nothing with soul music.
Not to say there is anything wrong with Polka music, (Lawrence Welk, and a one, and a two...) but that's what America would be if it weren't for our ancestors, soul-less. Soul music is admired worldwide and is truly an original American success story.
I'm sure everyone agrees with this 1973 Hamite Award winner choice. Soul Train brought and kept the black community together. For those of us that didn't know how to dance, we would gaze at the Soul Train dancers and wish we were like them. Thanks to Don Cornelius for giving the black community and the world a positive outlet. We miss it.
The Staple Singers with Don Cornelius on Soul Train |
| 1973 |
POOR DICKIE IS IN TROUBLE NOW!
For the year 1973:
- Lonne Elder III and Suzanne de Passe were the first African-Americans to be nominated for the Academy Award for writing.
Did you know you came from an amazing race of people who cared for you? It's true. The amazing accomplishments of our ancestors are recorded on this website. Years ago as slaves it was illegal for slaves to read and write, and a felony for anyone caught teaching them.
The slavemaster wanted to keep them ignorant so they wouldn't organize and rebel against their authority. He was able to dominate blacks in this way. The slavemaster understood the power of education.
Sadly today too many of our own have not learned how truly important it is to learn. Some may look at education as a white thing and to pick up a book as a sellout. Has any ignorant person ever made you feel that way? If so, you should run away as fast as you can from a person like this. You will meet him in a few years while he's pushing a shopping cart around town.
Education and learning are not white; it's a gift for all humankind. Read at all cost; it will add a new dimension to your life, bringing a whole new world you never knew existed. Your ancestors made it all possible for you.
O J Simpson
| Sports in 1973 |
- January 22, 1973 - Slugger George Foreman knocks out Smokin Joe Frazier in 2 rounds for the heavyweight boxing title.
- February 1, 1973 - Baseball's Monte Irvin is elected to baseball's Hall of Fame.
- March 31, 1973 - Fighter Ken Norton defeats Muhammad Ali in a close 12 round split decision.
- June 20, 1973 - San Francisco Giants Bobby Bonds sets an National League record with 22 lead off homeruns.
- July 24, 1973 - Bobby Bonds of the San Francisco Giants wins the All star Most Valuable Player.
- September 1, 1973 - George Foreman knocks out Jose "King" Roman in 1 round for the heavyweight boxing title.
- September 10, 1973 - Muhammad Ali defeats Ken Norton
- September 16, 1973 - O J Simpson playing for the Buffalo Bills rushed for 250 yards in a game against the New England Pats.
- September 19, 1973 - Baseball's Frank Robinson homers in a record 32 Major League baseball parks.
- November 13, 1973 - Oakland A's Reggie Jackson wins the American league MVP unanimously.
- December 16, 1973 - O J Simpson rushed for a record 2,003 yards, becoming the first player ever to pass the 2,000-yard mark, and scored 12 touchdowns.
- Monford Merrill "Monte" Irvin was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame. Trivia: Irvin played for the Giants in 1951. That year Irvin teamed with Hank Thompson and Willie Mays to form the first all-black outfield in the majors. During that same season, manager Leo Durocher asked Irvin to mentor the younger Mays. Mays later said, "In my time, when I was coming up, you had to have some guidance. And Monte was like my brother. I couldn't go anywhere without him, especially on the road... It was just a treat to be around him. I didn't understand life in New York until I met Monte. He knew everything about what was going on and he protected me dearly." Irvin later replied, "I did that for two years, and in the third year he started showing me around."
|| Famous African American Quotes |
Willie Mays - fell down in the outfield during a play where he was hindered by the glare of the sun in the 1973 World Series. Mays later said:
"growing old is just a helpless hurt."
What Was The Jonestown Massacre?|
The Peoples Temple, the organization at the center of the Jonestown incident, was headquartered in San Francisco, California, from the early to mid-1970s until the Temple's move to Guyana.
While the Temple originated in Indiana in the 1950s, after leader Jim Jones predicted an apocalypse that would create a socialist Eden on earth, it moved to Redwood Valley, California in the late 1960s. Its headquarters later moved into San Francisco, where Jones remained until July 1977, when Jones fled with almost 1,000 Temple members to Jonestown, Guyana following investigations by local media.
On the evening of November 18, 1978 in Jonestown, Jones ordered his congregation to drink cyanide-laced Flavor Aid. In all, 918 people died, including over 270 children, resulting in the greatest single loss of American civilian life in a non-natural disaster until the incidents of September 11, 2001. Congressman Leo Ryan was among those killed at the airstrip.
Founding members of the Congressional Black Caucus. Standing L-R: Parren Mitchell, Charles Rangel,
Bill Clay, Ron Dellums, George W. Collins, Louis Stokes, Ralph Metcalfe, John Conyers, and Walter Fauntroy.
Seated L-R: Robert N.C. Nix, Sr., Charles Diggs, Shirley Chisholm, and Augustus F. Hawkins.
Richard M. Nixon
| Political Scene in 1973 |
- 1973 - Richard M. Nixon was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974 when becaue of the Watergate scandal became the only U.S. president to resign the office. Nixon had previously served as a U.S. Representative and Senator from California and as the 36th Vice President of the United States from 1953 to 1961.
- January 23, 1973 - United States President Richard Nixon announces an accord has been reached to end the very unpopular Vietnam War.
- July 1, 1973 - Tom Bradley becomes the 38th Mayor of Los Angeles, California. The first African-American to ever hold that position.
- September 11, 1973 - Salvador Allende was a Chilean physician and politician, known as the first Marxist to become president of a Latin American country through open elections. He died in a coup d'état sponsored by the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Sidenote:The following info has little to do with African American issues but has everything to do with the country we live in. The Salvador Allende story shows how it imposed it's strong will on smaller countries because of it's financial and political interest. Allende was a very popular President for the working class and soon after taking office in 1970, raised the wages of the poor, improved their healthcare, made it possible to purchase goods they only previously could dream. This man was elected by the Chilean people fair and square but from day one and even before he was elected the American government sought to get rid of him by sneaky, underhanded acts of interference in their government affairs. Chile was a major exporter of copper and American companies that had set up shop didn't want Allende in power, so ultimately Richard Nixon approved the CIA to indirectly snuff him out in a coup as stated in declassified data now available for public viewing. The point is if these leaders of America can perpetrate and enforce their will in another country. Would they do the same against their own citizens?
- October 16, 1973 - Maynard Jackson is elected the first black mayor of Atlanta, Georgia.
- November 6, 1973 - Coleman Young is elected mayor of Detroit, Michigan.
- November 17, 1973 - United States President Richard Nixon tells the Associated Press "...people have got to know whether or not their president is a crook. Well, I'm not a crook".
- 1973 - The Black Liberation Army was an underground, black nationalist militant organization that operated in the United States from 1970 to 1981. Composed largely of former Black Panthers (BPP), the organization's program was one of "armed struggle" against the oppression and tyranny of the U.S. Government, and its stated goal was to "take up arms for the liberation and self-determination of black people in the United States." The BLA carried out a series of bombings, murders, robberies (which participants termed "expropriations"), and prison breaks.
- 1973 - Weather Underground was a white American militant radical left-wing organization founded on the Ann Arbor campus of the University of Michigan. In 1970 the group issued a "Declaration of a State of War" against the United States government, under the name "Weather Underground Organization". Their bombing campaign targeted mostly government buildings, along with several banks and called for a "white fighting force" to be allied with the "Black Liberation Movement" and other radical movements to achieve "the destruction of U.S. imperialism and achieve a classless world: world communism". The Weathermen began to disintegrate after the United States reached a peace accord in Vietnam in 1973 and became defunct by the mid seventies.
|| Famous African American Quotes |
Tom Bradley - first black mayor of Los Angeles, California
"When I came on the department, there were literally two assignments for black officers. You either worked Newton Street Division, which has a predominantly black community, or you worked traffic downtown. You could not work with a white officer, and that continued until 1964."
The year 1877 was the worst year for American Blacks
A good foundation means everything when attempting to build and the newly freed Negro just didn't have one. When slaves first tasted freedom in the emancipation, they wanted to assimilate into American culture very badly. They wanted to build and live their lives in harmony with their white American brothers.
There were over four million former slaves who were uneducated and illiterate without any life skills whatsoever. During slavery it was illegal and a felony for anyone caught teaching them to read and write. They were not independent like you and me, but depended on others to provide the necessities of life.
The United States government wanted to help the former slaves and assisted by providing Reconstruction aid which meant education, medical, housing, etc. Imagine the joy in these former slaves heart. The schools were consistently packed with Negroes trying to better themselves. Happiness was all around! Finally! Thank you America, we will prove we can do it! YEAH! This was the general attitude of the Negro.
Sadly, this joy was very short lived because the United States government stopped aid after a few short years because of pressure by racist whites. This totally uncaring and un-American decision was called the 1877 Compromise, with many Negroes calling it the 1877 Grand Betrayal.
Although the Negro was now free, he would have to make do the best way he knew how, without any help whatsoever from the government who put him in slavery in the first place. These people became downtrodden, uneducated nomads living in a hateful white racist world, and because of future laws (Jim Crow) further restricting their rights would remain this way until the 1960s Civil Rights movement.
A good foundation was not laid with blacks assimilation into American culture. Many blacks were understandably demoralized, angry and defeated for many years. The weaker ones continue to be so until this day and still hold a grudge that hurts themselves more than anybody else.
Now ones like Mr. Lewis who is pictured above understood his fantastic African American heritage, and the many examples of black success stories he went on to model his life after. This helped him because he had a good foundation to build on. Study your incredible history that's included in this website and grow because it really is a thing of extraordinary beauty.
Getting Faded in the 70s
The Long Island Iced Tea was named for its resemblance to non-alcoholic Iced tea.
Having fun with my peoples, getting faded and blastin The Manhattans
Eating, drinkin and having fun in the 70s
| Getting Faded and Having Fun in 1973 |
For some people back in the 70s, it was nothing better than hanging out with your peoples, talking smack or quietly listening, laughing and getting faded on the following feel good liquors:
- TJ Swan
- Wild Irish Rose
- Boone's Farm
- Thunderbird --
"What's the word? Thunderbird, How's it sold? Good and cold, What's the jive? Bird's alive, What's the price? Thirty twice."
- MD 20/20
- Night Train
- Cold Duck
- Colt 45
- Old English
- Schlitz Malt
- Korbel Brandy
- E & J Brandy
- Gin and Grapefruit Juice
- Tequila Sunrise
- Bacardi Cocktail
- Pina Colada
Tequila Sunrise garnished
with orange & cherry
I still have a headache, but had a blast!
Don't forget those wild and loud games of dominoes with folks slamming bones on the table and running off at the mouth. Here are some of the trash words being said:
- HEY! hit me five times
- Who dat knocking at my door?
- Fish and bread keep po' men fed
- All money ain't good money
- Beef steak and gravy
- Ten keys, come and get some of these
- 4 hoes and a pimp
- 3 switchin bitches
- Rock and I'm out
Can't have fun without those beats, these are the songs that were blasting on the turntable in 1973 while enjoying ourselves:
Beats in the 70s - photo#library
- Killing Me Softly With His Song, Roberta Flack
- Let's Get It On, Marvin Gaye
- Will It Go Round in Circles, Billy Preston
- Touch Me In the Morning, Diana Ross
- Me and Mrs. Jones, Billy Paul
- Sunshine of My Life, Stevie Wonder
- That Lady, Pts. 1 & 2, The Isley Brothers
- Superstition, Stevie Wonder
- Love Train, The O'Jays
- I'm Gonna Love You, Baby, Barry White
- Keep On Truckin', Pt. 1, Eddie Kendricks
- Natural High , Bloodstone
- If You Want Me to Stay, Sly & Family Stone
- Could It Be I'm Falling In Love, The Spinners
- Superfly, Curtis Mayfield
WOW! I miss 1973
Will more blacks adopt the American standard?
Maybe it's time to send the old Negro standard to the black museum
In America's beginning, immigrants from Europe had the incredible opportunity to live a better life and perhaps become rich beyond their wildest dreams. This was a hope that had never existed for regular everyday people in the entire history of man.
In contrast, Africans were sold into slavery, mostly by their governments and forced to travel to America as slaves. For them, this was not a dream, but an atrocious nightmare. The opportunity didn't exist for the vast majority of blacks to make a better life for themselves.
Once in America, these Europeans would eventually band together to focus on a common enemy, the black-skinned negro. This banding together against the blacks made whites stronger, and blacks weaker.
Some of these whites were very vocal in their dislike for black people, calling them bad names such as savages, animals, wild beast, ignorant, etc., and others were indifferent, choosing to remain on the sidelines by remaining silent. But they were just as guilty for allowing democracy to be trampled.
Even though professing to be the most intelligent compassionate creatures on earth, they couldn't understand how their actions would undermine everything America was supposed to represent. They became terrible guardians of hope and justice in a new and civilized world.
After slavery was finally outlawed in America, it was replaced with another oppression just as worse in the form of Jim Crow laws. These laws regulated blacks to 2nd class citizenship. These laws made blacks feel like they were not a part of the American process, and made many feel worthless as human beings and lacking in self-confidence.
But after the 60s civil rights movement, blacks started to slowly come around and take what belonged to them regarding good jobs, moving to nicer neighborhoods, etc. But still faced a white power structure at the job and at home that failed to recognize them as real American brothers. Even though new Civil Rights laws were in place, blacks still faced an uphill battle every day, but now in the form of a silent hate, called covert racism.
It's a situation that still exist in America.
Especially before the sixties, blacks were excluded in all aspects of American living by whites. Thus the need to create a black way of doing things became necessary. Many blacks in those days took pride in being different from white America. We felt that if whites didn't want anything to do with us professionally or socially, we didn't want anything to do with them.
So, we spoke our language using jive talk and slang and created special handshakes when greeting one another. We designed our style of colorful clothes and fashioned our hair differently. We ate our style of soul food.
These were all great and original African-American inventions that we needed for our own identity and kept us with a measure of sanity in a racist and vile America.
These inventions were considered being hep/ hip by all, and if a black person didn't practice these Negro standards, they would be regarded as a sell-out or trying to act white.
Blacks were very smart to invent the Negro standard, so what's the problem?
The problem began after the Civil Rights movement of the 60s. It was now legal for blacks to achieve equality in America as much as our hearts desired. We now had the law on our side. Even though this was still not a guarantee to eliminate racism and exclusion, it would make our fight a little easier.
But sadly, many blacks were not prepared and attempted to bring the old Negro standard way of doing things into the American mainstream. There was an immediate culture clash. Whites didn't know anything about black Americans and became afraid and filled with even more hate towards them because now they had to share America equally.
Now with the law on our side, you would think that blacks would have run to the schools and colleges to educate themselves. But many were afraid of the white power structure because it was very intimidating.
But not to the black woman. She knew the only way to win this struggle was to fight fire with fire, by becoming better educated. She attended school and learned all she could, and quickly realized she was just as smart if not smarter than whites. She then went out to fight.
She was victorious and continues to be so today.
The black male didn't put up a good fight like the female because he was intimidated by the hate other races directed towards him and chose to live a life of running game and boy-like behavior to make his living. Also, the black man didn't want to abide by the America standard way of doing things because he still considered it an enemy.
The result was that many of our people got left behind by not successfully making the distinction between white people and the American standard. These are two different things, and that needs repeating. These are two separate things and are easily confused as being the same. White people don't own the American standard, and they don't control it. White people knew blacks get hung up on this stumbling block and discouraged us at every step.
There would be many blacks who gauged and jumped this obstacle, but far too many quit or didn't even try. The successful ones would go on to make a nice living and provide for their families and care less about racist whites and their hate for us, or the foolish blacks who would say bad things about them for acting white. To this very day, it remains a difficult thing for blacks to give up the old negro way of thinking.
For example, we are not acting white if we.......
- We live in America and are Americans. English is our nations official language. It's the American standard to speak proper English, and not only for white people. It's for yellow, brown, red and all Americans.
- America is a civilized country and at the moment the best in the world. Its citizens are courteous and considerate to one another. This is not a white thing. It's the American standard.
- The American standard teaches us to take care of our families and handle our business as responsible adults, which is not a white thing to practice, but an American thing to do.
- To attend school and shoot for the stars to better ourselves is not a white thing, it's expected of all Americans to keep the country smarter and stronger which once again goes to the American standard category, not white people category.
If we try to take our old way of thinking out in public or to the workplace, we surely will be met with problems. It won't work. Other races don't understand our old negro standard and will become annoyed or offended, just like we would if in a group of people and couldn't understand what they were doing or saying. This is why the old Negro standard and American standard cannot exist side by side.
Refusal to depart from the old Negro standard is one reason we still have black slums, living near poverty, low self-esteem and every other negative we can think. The Negro standard at one time served a necessary purpose but now holds us back as a race. It's time to put the Negro standard in a black museum. It's outdated.
Give up the swag?
But let's make one thing clear, it's not advocated giving up the music, fried chicken, chitterlings, corn bread and collard greens or even the swag that took years to perfect. There are a place and time for everything. No, that's not the point. The point is always to exercise common sense when dealing with other races and remain cognizant of the American standard.
There will still be plenty of hate to face us.
Yes, there will be, but it's better to have success and be hated than to be unsuccessful and hated. A word of caution though. There are many of our people who hate us also and would love if we still lived in the old Negro standard.
Do you believe that successful blacks have a moral obligation to help its people? Our ancestors thought so. They understood the path for success and continually stressed education and living within the American standard as the only way to achieve that.
Today, we don't have our ancestors to look up to for advice. But believe it or not, singers, entertainers, rappers and sports athletes have taken their place. Most blacks give these people the top priority and will follow their every word, frequently ignoring their education, and buying their product. The question becomes, are these people for their own needs or are they instructing the black community to embrace the American standard?
|| sLANG tALK in 1973 |
- Do Your Own Thing! - whatever pleases you
- Be yourself! - don't be a fake
- Do what you want to do - whatever pleases you
- Laid Back - taking it easy, relaxed
- Psyche - excited, energized
- The Crib and going to the Gig - home
- The Gig - job
- Dream On - hopeful
- Kicks - shoes
- Mackin - gettin the girls
- Off The Hook - extra cool
- Old School - old fashioned
- Pad - home
- In Your Face! - victory
- That's Sick! - awesome
- The Man - police
- To The Max - maximum
- Yo Mama - term of endearment, joking around
- Chill - take it easy
- Feel Tha Funk - groove and feel the music
- Catch My Drift - do you understand?
- Chillaxin - relaxing
- Chump - punk
- Copasetic - something cool, hip
- Don't Bogart - don't hold the joint too long, pass it around
- Doobie - a joint
- Dude - a guy
- For Rizzle - I didn't know that
- Foxy - sexy girl
- Gimme Five - cool handshake
- Hood - a ghetto person
- Trippin - going wacko
- Pig - police
- Pimpin - a guy good with the ladies
- Dig It - understand
- Backatcha! - you too
- Brick House - super fine woman
- Can You Dig It - you understand?
- Right On - agree
- Stone Groove - extra cool and fun
Alan Alda, Lilly Tomlin and Richard Pryor from Tomlin's 1973 CBS Television special, Lilly
Rodney Allen Rippy who starred in Jack in the Box television commercials in the 1970s.
- photo #116-yr-1970
Clarence Williams III of Mod Squad
Lloyd Haynes and Michael Constantine from the television program Room 222
Gail Fisher as Peggy Fair and Mark Stewart as her son, Toby, from the television program Mannix.
Sanford and Son
The Flip Wilson Show
| Television / Movies in 1973 |
- The Mack - Richard Pryor (as Slim)
- Wattstax - Richard Pryor (documentary film)
- Hit! - Richard Pryor (as Mike Willmer)
- Some Call It Loving - Richard Pryor (drama film )
- The Mod Squad which aired from 1968-1973 was a show we wouldn't dare to miss. It felt good to see a fresh black character such as an undercover cop, Linc Hayes taking care of business. It was also kind of cool the way Julie (Peggy Lipton) and Pete (Michael Cole) included him in all of their adventures. It made us feel like maybe one-day racism would be stamped out and we could all work and live together peacefully because of this show.
- Sanford and Son which aired from 1972-1977 was a show we could go to to get our laugh on. We grew up with Redd Foxx, so we knew of his reputation and raw delivery with comedy. Poor Lamont, always getting the worst hand when dealing with his dad, but dad did it all with love. In 2007, Time magazine included the show on their list of the "100 Best TV Shows of All Time". The Sanford and Son show is dearly missed.
- Mission: Impossible series aired on the CBS network from September 1966 to March 1973. It chronicles the missions of a team of secret government agents known as the Impossible Missions Force (IMF). Barnard "Barney" Collier (Greg Morris), a mechanical and electronics genius and owner of Collier Electronics was a true inspiration to blacks back in the 70s, finally a black man that used his brains in a television role.
- Room 222 was a comedy-drama television series which aired on ABC from September 17, 1969 until January 11, 1974. The series focused on an American history class at the fictional Walt Whitman High School in LA, California. The class was taught by Pete Dixon (Lloyd Haynes), an idealistic African-American schoolteacher. Other characters featured in the show were the school's compassionate guidance counselor, Liz McIntyre (Denise Nicholas), who was also Pete's girlfriend; the dryly humorous school principal, Seymour Kaufman (Michael Constantine); and the petite and enthusiastic Alice Johnson (Karen Valentine), a student teacher.
- Mannix was an American television detective series that ran from 1967 to 1975 on CBS. Gail Fisher
was best known for playing the role of the secretary "Peggy Fair" on the television detective series, a role for which she won two Golden Globe Awards and an Emmy Award.
- The Flip Wilson Show was so funny. The show aired from 1970-1974 and won numerous awards. Flip made the black community feel proud that a person of color could be so successful. He inspired many. He was a truly talented comedian. He had us in tears with his character Geraldine Jones, who would dress up like a woman and brag about her boyfriend Killa, and whose line "The devil made me do it" became a national catchphrase. Older people in the community especially got a big laugh from this character; he was hilarious and convincing!
- Lena Horne - Sesame Street (as herself, Episode #5.1, November 19, 1973)
- Lena Horne - Sanford & Son ("A Visit from Lena Horne" as herself, #2. January 12, 1973)
- Richard Pryor - Lilly Tomlin's 1973 CBS Television special, Lilly
movies that emerged in the United States in the 1970s targeted for black audiences
- Black Caesar: played by Fred Williamson, a street smart hoodlum who has worked his way up to being the crime boss of Harlem.
- Blackenstein: A parody of Frankenstein and features a black Frankenstein's monster.
- Cleopatra Jones : stars Tamara Dobson as a karate-chopping government agent.
- Coffy: played by Pam Grieris a nurse turned vigilante who takes revenge on all those who hooked her 11-year-old sister on heroin.
- Detroit 9000: set in Detroit, MI, features street-smart white detective Danny Bassett (Alex Rocco) who teams with educated black detective Sgt. Jesse Williams (Hari Rhodes) to investigate the theft of $400,000 at a fund-raiser for Representative Aubrey Hale Clayton (Rudy Challenger).
- Gordon's War: stars Paul Winfield as a Vietnam vet who recruits ex-Army buddies to fight the Harlem drug dealers and pimps responsible for the heroin-fueled death of his wife.
- The Mack: A film starring Max Julien and Richard Pryor.
- Scream Blacula Scream: Sequel to Blacula; William H. Marshall resumes his role as Blacula/Mamuwalde.
- Slaughter's Big Rip-Off: stars Jim Brown who continues to battle against the Mob in this sequel to Slaughter (1972).
- The Spook Who Sat By the Door A token black CIA employee, who is secretly a black nationalist, leaves his position to train a street gang in CIA tactics in order to become an army of "freedom fighters".
- That Man Bolt: starring Fred Williamson, is the first spy film in this genre, combining elements of James Bond with martial arts action in an international setting.
- Trick Baby: Based on the book of the same name by ex-pimp Iceberg Slim.
- Remember the kid that was trying to wrap his mouth around the super-sized Jumbo Jack hamburger? His name is Rodney Allen Rippy who appeared in TV commercials for the fast-food chain Jack in the Box in the early 1970s, as well as in numerous roles in television and movies.
| Famous Birthdays in 1973 |
- January 8, 1973 - Michael Terrance Cameron an American former professional Major League Baseball outfielder.
- January 11, 1973 - Rockmond Dunbar an American actor.
- January 23, 1973 - Lanei Chapman is an African American actress.
- January 25, 1973 - Half A Mill was a Brooklyn-based American rapper.
- February 7, 1973 - Arif S. Kinchen an African-American actor.
- February 21, 1973 - George Murdoch an American professional wrestler and actor.
- March 20, 1973 - Cedric Yarbrough an American comedian and actor.
- April 2, 1973 - Marc Jason Kroon an American former right-handed relief pitcher.
- April 3, 1973 - Sabotage was a Brazilian MC.
- April 12, 1973 - Claudia Angela Jordan an American actress, model, reality television and radio personality.
- April 13, 1973 - Bokeem Woodbine an American film and television actor.
- May 14, 1973 - Shanice is a Grammy-nominated American R&B/pop-rock singer, songwriter, and actress.
- May 26, 1973 - Christopher Joseph Latham former outfielder in Major League Baseball.
- May 26, 1973 - Sharron Corley actor born in Brownsville, Brooklyn, New York.
- June 9, 1973 - Keesha Sharp an American television actress.
- June 10, 1973 - Calvin "Pokey" Reese, Jr. former American Major League Baseball infielder.
- June 10, 1973 - Faith Renée Evans an American singer-songwriter, record producer, occasional actress and author.
- June 13, 1973 - Ogie H. Banks III is an American voice actor, best known for his role as Clawd Wolf in Monster High and Luke Cage on Ultimate Spider-Man.
- July 6, 1973 - Charizma as an MC from Milpitas, California.
- July 20, 1973 - Omar Epps an American actor, rapper, songwriter, and record producer.
- July 27, 1973 - Brian Hooks an American actor, producer and director.
- July 29, 1973 - Patrik-Ian Polk an American film director, producer, screenwriter, singer, and actor.
- August 1, 1973 - Tempestt Bledsoe an American actress.
- August 3, 1973 - Michael Ealy an American actor.
- August 16, 1973 - Damian Jacques Jackson major league second baseman.
- August 19, 1973 - Ahmed Best is an American voice actor and musician.
- August 21, 1973 - Louis Keith Collier former utility player who played in Major League Baseball from 1997 through 2004.
- August 23, 1973 - Chelsi Mariam Pearl Smith a former beauty pageant titleholder from the United States who became the first Miss USA in fifteen years to capture the Miss Universe crown.
- August 23, 1973 - Jermaine "Huggy" Hopkins an African-American actor.
- August 24, 1973 - Dave Chappelle is an American comedian, screenwriter, television and film producer, and actor.
- August 28, 1973 - J. August Richards an American actor.
- September 14, 1973 - Nas an American rapper, songwriter, record producer and actor.
- September 16, 1973 - Desmond Lamont "Desi" Relaford an American former professional baseball infielder.
- September 22, 1973 - Robert Malcolm "Bob" Sapp an American professional wrestler, actor, comedian and former American football player.
- September 23, 1973 - Trick Daddy an American rapper, actor, and producer.
- October 2, 1973 - Proof was an American rapper and actor from Detroit, Michigan.
- October 25, 1973 - Lamont Bentley was an American actor and rapper. He was known for his role as Hakeem Campbell on Moesha and the series' spin-off The Parkers.
- November 3, 1973 - Sticky Fingaz an American rapper, actor, film director, and record producer.
- November 17, 1973 - Lord Infamous was an American rapper from Memphis, Tennessee.
- November 19, 1973 - Savion Glover an American tap dancer, actor, and choreographer.
- November 21, 1973 - Brook Kerr an American actress.
- November 25, 1973 - Eddie Steeples an American actor known for his roles as the "Rubberband Man" in an advertising campaign for OfficeMax.
- November 28, 1973 - Samuel Monroe, Jr. an American actor.
- November 29, 1973 - Sarah Jones a Tony- and Obie Award-winning American playwright, actress, and poet.
- December 4, 1973 - Tyra Lynne Banks is an American television personality, producer, author, actress, and former model.
- December 9, 1973 - Nicole Randall Johnson an American comic actress.
- December 11, 1973 - Mos Def an American hip hop recording artist, actor, and activist.
- December 12, 1973 - Brian Love an American actor, singer, dancer, and martial artist.
- December 28, 1973 - Shawn Harrison an American actor.
- December 29, 1973 - Pimp C was an American rapper, singer, and producer.
- 1973 - DJ Subroc was an English born American hip hop artist and a member of KMD.
- 1973 - Sydney Tamiia Poitier an American television and film actress.
Mantan Moreland in 1941 film King of the Zombies
| Famous Deaths in 1973 |
- January 16, 1973 - Clara Ward was an American gospel artist who achieved great artistic and commercial success in the 1940s and 1950s, as leader of The Famous Ward Singers.
- January 23, 1973 - Edward "Kid" Ory was a jazz trombonist and bandleader. He was born in Woodland Plantation near La Place, Louisiana.
- March 5, 1973 - Rupert Crosse was an American television and film actor.
- June 4, 1973 - Arnaud "Arna" Wendell Bontemps was an African-American poet, novelist and librarian, and a noted member of the Harlem Renaissance.
- September 21, 1973 - Diana Sands was an American actress, perhaps most famous for her portrayal of Beneatha Younger, the sister of Sidney Poitier's character in the original stage and film versions of Lorraine Hansberry's A Raisin in the Sun.
- September 28, 1973 - Mantan Moreland was an American actor and comedian most popular in the 1930s and 1940s.
- October 9, 1973 - Sister Rosetta Tharpe was an American singer, songwriter, guitarist and recording artist. A pioneer of twentieth-century music, Tharpe attained great popularity in the 1930s and 1940s with her gospel recordings that were a unique mixture of spiritual lyrics and rhythmic/early rock accompaniment.
Carol Moseley Braun
| Famous Weddings in 1973 |
- January 17, 1973 - Denise Nicholas marries Bill Withers.
- April 18, 1973 - Isaac Hayes marries Mignon Harley.
- June 5, 1973 - Alan Page marries Diane Sims.
- November 7, 1973 - Ruth Pointer marries Carl Abram.
- December 15, 1973 - Jermaine Jackson marries Hazel Gordy.
- 1973 - Scoey Mitchell marries Claire T. Thomas.
- 1973 - Whoopi Goldberg marries Alvin Martin.
- 1973 - Maya Angelou marries Paul Du Feu.
- 1973 - Bryant Gumbel marries June Carlyn Baranco.
- 1973 - Gail Fisher marries Robert A. Walker.
- 1973 - Gordon Parks marries Genevieve Young
- 1973 - Carol Moseley Braun marries Michael Braun
| Famous Divorces in 1973 |
- May 1973 - Diahann Carroll and Fredde Glusman were divorced.
- 1973 - Bill Russell and Rose Swisher were divorced.
- 1973 - Beverly Johnson and Billy Potter were divorced.
- 1973 - Otis Williams and Ann Cain were divorced.
- 1973 - Gordon Parks and Elizabeth Campbell were divorced.
Soul Train ran from 1971-2006
Buster Jones and Vicki Donaldson for Soul Unlimited in 1973
| Music in 1973 |
Billboard Top Soul Hits:
- Superstition - Stevie Wonder
- Let's Get It On - Marvin Gaye
- Midnight Train to Georgia - Gladys Knight
- Distant Lover - Marvin Gaye
- Killing Me Softly -Roberta Flack
- Why Can't We Live Together - Timmy Thomas
- Could It Be I'm Falling in Love - The Spinners
- Love Train -The O'Jays
- Neither One of Us (Wants to Be the First to Say Goodbye) -Gladys Knight & the Pips
- Masterpiece -The Temptations
- Pillow Talk -Sylvia
- Funky Worm -The Ohio Players
- Leaving Me -The Independents
- I'm Gonna Love You Just a Little More Baby -Barry White
- One of a Kind (Love Affair) - The Spinners
- Doing It to Death - Fred Wesley & the J.B.'s
- I Believe in You (You Believe in Me) - Johnnie Taylor
- Angel - Aretha Franklin
- Keep on Truckin - Eddie Kendricks
- Midnight Train to Georgia - Gladys Knight & the Pips
- Space Race - Billy Preston
- The Love I Lost (Part 1) - Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes
- If You're Ready (Come Go With Me) -The Staple Singers
- Living for the City - Stevie Wonder
Popular Soul Dances:
Musical Happenings in 1973:
- The Bump
- Walking the dog
- The Worm
- The Rock Steady
- The Breakdown
- The Funky Chicken
- Electric Slide
- Locking - Roboting - Popping
- Breakdancing - B-boying
- February 2, 1973 - the "Midnight Special" rock music show debuts on NBC-TV.
- August 6, 1973 - Soul singer Stevie Wonder was involved in car crash and goes into a 4 day coma.
- Dick Clark attempted to branch into the realm of soul music with the series Soul Unlimited in 1973. The series, hosted by Buster Jones, was a more risqué and controversial imitator of the then-popular series Soul Train. The series didn't last very long, only a few episodes to be exact. Dick Clark and Don Cornelius didn't like each other very much until they put aside their differences and later would collaborate on several specials featuring black artists.
- DJ Kool Herc, known as the "Father of Hip Hop," begins providing music for parties, going on to spur the development of hip hop music.
- The soundtrack to The Sting helps lead to a resurgence of interest in ragtime. This year will also see Gunther Schuller produce a performance of Scott Joplin's opera Treemonisha, and the following year will see Joshua Rifkin's three ragtime albums chart.
- Soul Train was an American musical variety television program which aired in syndication from 1971 - 2006. In its 35-year history, the show primarily featured performances by R&B, soul, and hip-hop artists, although funk, jazz, disco, and gospel artists also appeared. The series was created by Don Cornelius, who also served as its first host and executive producer.
Tony Award winners in 1973:
Best Actor in a Musical
- Ben Vereen in Pippin
Grammy winners in 1973:
The 15th Annual Grammy Awards were held on March 3, 1973, and were the first to be broadcast live on CBS, after the first two ceremonies were on ABC. The awards recognized accomplishments by musicians from the year 1972. The ceremony this year was held in Nashville, Tennessee; others before or since have been held in either New York City or Los Angeles.
Record of the Year
- Joel Dorn (producer) & Roberta Flack for "The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face" performed by Roberta Flack
Album of the Year
- Phil Spector (producer), George Harrison (producer & artist), Eric Clapton, Bob Dylan,Billy Preston, Leon Russell, Ravi Shankar, Ringo Starr & Klaus Voormann for The Concert for Bangladesh
Song of the Year
- Ewan MacColl (songwriter) for "The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face" performed by Roberta Flack
Best Country Vocal Performance, Male
- Charley Pride for Charley Pride Sings Heart Songs
Best Ethnic or Traditional Recording (including traditional blues)
- Muddy Waters for The London Muddy Waters Session
Best Soul Gospel Performance
- Aretha Franklin for Amazing Grace
Best Best Jazz Performance by a Group
- Freddie Hubbard for First Light
Best Jazz Performance by a Big Band
- Duke Ellington for Togo Brava Suite
Best Pop Vocal Performance by a Duo, Group or Chorus
- Donny Hathaway & Roberta Flack for "Where Is the Love"
Best Pop Instrumental Performance by an Instrumental Performer
- Billy Preston for "Outa-Space"
Best Pop Instrumental Performance with Vocal Coloring
- Isaac Hayes for Black Moses
Best R&B Vocal Performance, Female
- Aretha Franklin for Young, Gifted and Black
Best R&B Vocal Performance, Male
- Billy Paul for "Me and Mrs. Jones"
Best R&B Vocal Performance by a Duo, Group or Chorus
- The Temptations for "Papa Was a Rollin' Stone"
Best R&B Instrumental Performance
- Paul Riser & Norman Whitfield (The Temptations) for "Papa Was a Rollin' Stone (Instrumental)"
Best R&B Song
- Barrett Strong & Norman Whitfield (songwriters) for "Papa Was a Rollin' Stone" performed by The Temptations
"It is worthy of emphasis, that the antiquity of the Negro race is beyond dispute. His brightest days were when history was an infant; and, since he early turned from God, he has found the cold face of hate and the hurtful hand of the Caucasian against him."
George Washington Williams
Dislike of black people is a relatively new phenomenon that started after the 16th century. Before this time there wasn't a thing such as racial prejudices. If color issues did arise, it was an infrequent occurrence. It's hardly mentioned in history books. For the most part, skin color was not a factor.
In fact, it's well documented how the early Greek philosophers who were all white, Socrates, Herodotus, Thales, Alexander the Great, Aristotle among others happily mingled with the blacks. Africa was known as the learning capital of the world, and many philosophers traveled to Africa to study about everything from philosophy to mathematics. Pythagoras is believed to have made it the furthest, having studied in Kemet for 23 years.
The Greek Poet Homer was one of those travelers and made the following statement:
"In ancient times the blacks were known to be so gentle to
strangers that many believed that the gods sprang from them.
Homer sings of the Ocean, father of the gods; and says that
when Jupiter wishes to take a holiday, he visits the sea,
and goes to the banquets of the blacks,--a people humble,
courteous, and devout."
Mr. Reade http://www.gutenberg.org/files/15735/15735.txt
Black people had a good reputation for being intelligent, kind and hospitable and enjoying an advanced civilization that the Greeks envied.
If alive today, Greek scholars would find it surprising how a person might believe in superiority simply because of skin color.
History makes the answer easy. After the 16th century, race became an issue for whites because of three dynamics. Greed, science, and white history (legacy).
Not to pick on white people, but it's entirely accurate they made our co-existence on this earth a race issue. This developed scorn or dislike they have for blacks continues down to our day.
- Greed The trans-Atlantic slave trade was about greed. Free black labor aided in making Europeans countries and America very rich on the backs of black slaves. This created animosity between the blacks and whites.
- Erroneous science theoriesThe introduction of false science teaching aided European and Americans in abandoning their conscience, because science didn't require one. Early Western philosophy advocated peace and treating all men with respect, but subsequent white generations did the opposite. Whites started to feel like gods themselves with their advancements in science and began to exhibit hubris, which is a Greek word denoting overconfident pride combined with arrogance. In other words, their heads became too big.
- Incomplete history recording Eurocentric history is always portrayed as the centerpiece of world history. African history was habitually erased by invading troops to eliminate its contributions and accomplishments to the world while preserving their European legacy. White history regularly portrays Africa as a wasteland full of ignorant savages, but current excavations prove the opposite. Africa was a developed continent with advanced civilizations just as good as Europe if not better.
Listed below are a few of the so-called geniuses who got the ball rolling in pitting white against black.
Not one ounce of truth could be found in what these early scientists preached as fact. Modern science doesn't agree with them. But guess what? There's still a lot of people who believe in this ridiculous white superiority crap, either conscious or unconsciously, which doesn't say much for the intelligence of these people.
Believe it or not, this is one reason a lot of whites dislike blacks today. It's not rare to hear about media services about blacks being called derogatory names associated with past world history.
So to honestly answer the question above "Why do many in America dislike black people?" At this point, it's because they want to.
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, a white officer in the Union army had the task of training colored soldiers in the Civil War. He kept a diary for our enjoyment today. (click here)
George W. Williams - History of the Negro Race in America From 1619 to 1880. (click here)
Europeans Come to Western Africa -
The Characteristics of the Negro People -
Graduation fashion times in Stockton California - 1970s
Hot pants of the 1970s
Singer Billy Preston in 1974 wearing an Afro hairstyle.
Afro hairstyle of the late 60s/early 70s
photo - pixabay.com
African-American woman with short afro 1979 and silk scarves which were a popular fashion accessories for women.
Graduation fashion times in Stockton California - 1970s
Best friends fashions in Stockton California - 1970s
| Fashions and Styles in 1973 |
The 1970's fashion, often called the "Me Decade", began with a continuation of the mini skirts, bell-bottoms, and the androgynous hippie look from the late 1960s and eventually became one of the most iconic decades for fashion ever.
In the early 1970s, there was a trend for unisex men's and women's matching outfits with little to absolutely no differences. They often came together in matching sets.
Generally the most famous silhouette of the mid and late 1970s for both genders was that of tight on top and loose on bottom. The 1970s also saw the birth of the indifferent, anti-conformist approach to fashion, which consisted of sweaters, t-shirts, jeans, and sneakers.
Popular early 1970s fashions for women included Tie dye shirts, Mexican peasant blouses, folk-embroidered Hungarian blouses, ponchos, capes, and military surplus clothing. Bottom attire for women during this time included bell-bottoms, gauchos, frayed jeansmidis" (which were unpopular), and ankle-length dresses called "maxis" were also worn in the early 1970s, thus offering women three different skirt lengths.
Although the hippie look was widespread, it was not adopted by everyone. Many women still continued to dress up with more glamorous clothes, inspired by 1940s movie star glamour. Other women just adopted simple casual fashions. More simple early 1970s trends for women included fitted blazers (coming in a multitude of fabrics along with wide lapels), long and short dresses, mini skirts, maxi evening gowns, hot pants (extremely brief, tight-fitting shorts) paired with skin-tight t-shirts, his & hers outfits (matching outfits that were nearly identical to each other), and flared pants.
Clean-cut, All-American active wear for women became increasingly popular from 1975 onwards. The biggest phenomenon of this trend was the jumpsuit, popular from 1975 onwards.
Women's fashions in the late 1970s included cowl-neck shirts and sweaters, pantsuits, leisure suits, tracksuits, sundresses worn with tight t-shirts, strapless tops, lower-cut shirts, cardigans, velour shirts, tunics, robes, crop tops, tube tops, embroidered vests and jeans, knee-length skirts, loose satin pants, designer jeans, culottes, daisy dukes, and tennis shorts.
In the early 1970s boots were at the height of their popularity, continuing onward from the mid 1960s. Women had boots for every occasion, with a wide variety of styles being sold in stores for affordable prices.
Disco clothes worn by women included tube tops, sequined halterneck shirts, blazers, spandex short shorts, loose pants, form-fitting spandex pants, maxi skirts and dresses with long thigh slits, jersey wrap dresses, ball gowns, and evening gowns.
The early 1970s were a continuation of late 1960s hippie fashion. For men this particularly meant bell bottom jeans, tie dye shirts, and military surplus clothing. Other early 1970s clothes for men included matching outfits, sports jackets, khaki chinos, chunky sweaters, storm coats, battle jackets peacoats, flannel shirts, pleated pants, baseball jackets, corduroy pants, pullover sweaters and sweater vests, tassels, cardigans, and hip-huggers.
Mens footwear in the early 1970s included flip-flops, oxfords, Birkenstocks, platform shoes, earth shoes, and cowboy boots.
Fashion in the 1970s was generally informal and laid back for men. Most men simply wore jeans, sweaters, and T-shirts, which by then were being made with more elaborate designs. Men continued to wear flannel, and the Leisure suit became increasingly popular from 1975 onwards, often worn with gold medallions and oxford shoes. Vintage clothing, khaki chinos, workmens clothes, sweatshirts, leather coats, and all-denim outfits were also desired among young men.
In the mid-1960s, the Afro hairstyle began in a fairly tightly coiffed form, such as the hairstyle that became popular among members of the Black Panther Party. As the 1960s progressed towards the 1970s, popular hairstyles, both within and outside of the black African-American community, became longer and longer. As a result, the late 60s/early 70s saw an expansion in the overall size of Afros. Some of the entertainers and sociopolitical figures of the time known for wearing larger afros include political activist Angela Davis, actress Pam Grier, rock musician Jimi Hendrix, and the members of the musical groups The Jackson 5 and The Supremes.
In the 1970s, making one of the popular hairstyles for a woman didn't take a lot of time. For Blacks in the United States and elsewhere, the afro was worn by both sexes throughout the decade. It was occasionally sported by whites as an alternative to the uniform long, straight hair which was a fashion mainstay until the arrival of punk and the"disco look" when hair became shorter and centre partings were no longer the mode.
United States Census for African Americans
in the 1970s
Mary McLeod Bethune
Dr. Solomon Carter Fuller
Marion Wright Edelma
| Our Community in 1973 |
Newsworthy Events in the Black Community:
- January 22, 1973 - Roe vs Wade: United States Supreme Court legalizes most abortions.
- July 2, 1973 - the Nation Black Network begins it's operation on radio.
- August 6, 1973 - Soul singer Stevie Wonder was involved in car crash and goes into a 4 day coma.
- 1973 - The short-lived National Black Feminist Organization was founded in in New York by Margaret Sloan-Hunter and others.
- 1973 - Marian Wright Edelman founded the Children's Defense Fund as a voice for poor children, children of color, and children with disabilities.
- In 1973, Mary McLeod Bethune was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame.
- Marian Anderson was recognized with the University of Pennsylvania Glee Club Award of Merit.
- In the early 1970s, the American Psychiatric Association established a Solomon Carter Fuller award lecture at its annual meetings for his contributions to Alzheimer's disease research.
- 1970s - The United States Population is 204,765,770 with a total of 22,580,289 being African Americans. Negroes are making more love and having more babies since the last census.
How did religion begin for the American Negro?
Well, it was an exciting journey for sure, but as usual, we have to go back into history for the likely answer. Before arriving in America as slaves, generally speaking, our ancestors practiced a religion which included fetishism.
What is fetishism you may ask?
Traditional Benin Voodoo Dance
Fetishism is a man-made object (such as the doll aound the lady's neck in the picture) that is thought to have power over others. Africans were extremely superstitious in their native land.
But once exposed to religious teachers in America, quickly left their superstitious past behind them, and would frown upon new arrivals of Africans who practiced fetishism in religion.
In Europe, the Roman Catholic Church had lost their grip on people with their questionable religious practices. There were many who thought the Church was wrong and formed a protest or a Protestant Reformation that resulted in the creation of tons of different religions with their doctrines and teachings claiming to be Christian.
A religion is an organized collection of beliefs, cultural systems,
and world views
that relate humanity to an order of existence.
Episcopal, Jesuits, Methodists, Protestant, Anglican, Lutheranism, Calvinism, Presbyterianism, Wesleyanism were all against Roman Catholic teachings.
But there would be a new religion on the horizon for humanity that went by the name of science. The introduction of science was in many ways entirely different than Christianity because it taught man to believe and rely on himself and his creations, rather than on a Supreme Being he couldn't see.
Faith is something foreign and unbelievable to a scientist. Also, this new form of religion would give these believers complete moral authority to do as they wished without a guilty conscience or retribution from a Surpreme Being.
This is what made slavery right or moral in the eyes of so many whites because new science taught that whites were superior and blacks inferior. The theory of evolution is another example in clear teaching that the world exists because of a big bang instead of being created, and also man evolved from apes rather than being created.
Do you believe in Evolution? If so, evolution is your religion because mainstream religion and evolution just don't jive, it's either one or the other.
During slavery, most of the first black congregations and churches were founded by free blacks, but slaves learned about Christianity by attending services led by a white preacher or supervised by a white person. Slaveholders often held prayer meetings at their plantations. Methodist and Baptist were the preferred choices of slaves because of its message.
But after slavery blacks were still restricted in the white churches so what they did next is not a surprise. They began to form their churches free from white rulership and exclusion, but kept the doctrine and teachings, but of course with a more lively twist (singing and dancing). It's clear they still had African culture in their hearts. This would mark the beginning of a new American creation, the black church.
The following is a very brief history of religion in Black America:
William J. Seymour - photo#111-yr-2015
Charles Fox Parham an independent holiness evangelist who believed strongly in divine healing, was an important figure in the emergence of Pentecostalism as a distinct Christian movement. But it wasn't until one of his black students named William J. Seymour learned these teaching and took it back to California with him that the Pentecostal movement took off like wildfire.
Seymour's preaching sparked the famous three-year-long Azusa Street Revival in 1906. Worship at the racially integrated Azusa Mission featured an absence of any order of service. (whites would later dislike this) People preached and testified as moved by the Spirit, spoke and sung in tongues, and fell in the Spirit. Blacks whites and other races would attend these services. But there was a matter of Jim Crow to be kept in mind that made it illegal for blacks and whites to mix.
So whites broke away from Seymour and began their Pentecostal churches. It's a fact that the beginning of the widespread Pentecostal movement in the United States is considered to have started with one-eyed black preacher William J. Seymour's Azusa Street Revival.
The Church Of God in Christ (COGIC) -
Church Of God in Christ Baptism
The Church Of God in Christ was formed in 1897 by a group of disfellowshiped Baptists, most notably Charles Price Jones (1865–1949) and Charles Harrison Mason (1866–1961) and is a Pentecostal Christian denomination with a predominantly African-American membership. It ranks as the largest Pentecostal denomination and the fifth largest Christian denomination in the U.S. Evangelical Baptist, and Methodist preachers traveled throughout the South in the Great Awakening of the late 18th century and appealed directly to slaves, and a few thousand slaves converted. Early COGIC leaders were very much attracted by the Pentecostal message and would break from the Baptist for this reason.
A.M.E. Church -
The African Methodist Episcopal Church, usually called the A.M.E. Church, is a predominantly African-American Methodist denomination based in the US. It is the oldest independent Protestant denomination founded by blacks in the world. It was founded by the Rt. Rev. Richard Allen in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1816 from several black Methodist congregations in the mid-Atlantic area that wanted independence from white Methodists.
Baptists are individuals who comprise a group of denominations and churches that subscribe to a doctrine that baptism should be performed only for professing believers (believer's baptism, as opposed to infant baptism) and that it must be done by complete immersion (as opposed to affusion or sprinkling). Other tenets of Baptist churches include soul competency (liberty), salvation through faith alone, Scripture alone as the rule of faith and practice, and the autonomy of the local congregation. Baptists recognize two ministerial offices, pastors, and deacons. Baptist churches are widely considered to be Protestant churches, though some Baptists disavow this identity.
An adherent of Islam is called a Muslim. Jews felt like they were chosen people who were promised a land filled with milk and honey, a holy land. This promise was made to Abraham and his seed. Abraham's wife Sarah had trouble conceiving children so to keep the promise alive and in the family she chose Hagar who was an Egyptian handmaid to have sexual relations with Abraham to bear a son, which is what they did. This son's name was Ishmael.
But something happened later that would throw things into a tizzy. At a very old age Sarah was now able to have kids and bore a son named Isaac.
Now here's the problem. Does the promise belong to Sarah's son or Hagar's son? Sarah felt it belonged to her bloodline, so she sent Hagar and Ishmael into the wilderness for them to die. But guess what? They didn't die. Muhammad who was the final prophet sent by God as identified in the Quran was born within Ishmael's seed line.
So even to this day these two groups don't care for each other.
This religion by far has proven to be the most destructive for humankind. Its users have created a world of me, me, me, by magnifying themselves, sincerely believing they are all of that and a bag of chips. Also the belief that spirited competition is healthy and useful. Win at all cost! The survival of the fittest theory. Many genocides were accomplished in the name of science. It teaches us that man originates from apes, (many blacks lost their life because of this false teaching) the earth was created from nothing and in essence humans are their gods. The bad far outweighs the good with the practice of science. Just look around.
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