OUR HAMITE AWARD WINNER FOR 1963:
W. E. B. Du Bois
W. E. B. Du Bois was an American sociologist, historian, civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, author, and editor. Born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, Du Bois grew up in a relatively tolerant and integrated community.
After graduating from Harvard, where he was the first African-American to earn a doctorate, he became a professor of history, sociology, and economics at Atlanta University. Du Bois was one of the co-founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1909.
Du Bois rose to national prominence as the leader of the Niagara Movement, a group of African-American activists who wanted equal rights for blacks. Du Bois and his supporters opposed the Atlanta compromise, an agreement crafted by Booker T. Washington which provided that Southern blacks would work and submit to white political rule, while Southern whites guaranteed that blacks would receive basic educational and economic opportunities.
Instead, Du Bois insisted on full civil rights and increased political representation, which he believed would be brought about by the African-American intellectual elite. He referred to this group as the Talented Tenth and believed that African Americans needed the chances for advanced education to develop it's leadership.
Racism was the main target of Du Bois's polemics, and he vehemently protested against lynching, Jim Crow laws, and discrimination in education and employment. His cause included people of color everywhere, mainly Africans and Asians in colonies. He was a proponent of Pan-Africanism and helped organize several Pan-African Congresses to fight for the independence of African colonies from European powers.
Du Bois made several trips to Europe, Africa, and Asia. After World War I, he surveyed the experiences of American black soldiers in France and documented widespread bigotry in the United States military.
Du Bois was a prolific author. His collection of essays, The Souls of Black Folk, was a seminal work in African-American literature; and his 1935 magnum opus Black Reconstruction in America challenged the prevailing orthodoxy that blacks were responsible for the failures of the Reconstruction Era. He wrote the first scientific treatise in the field of sociology; and he published three autobiographies, each of which contains insightful essays on sociology, politics, and history.
In his role as editor of the NAACP's journal The Crisis, he published many influential pieces. Du Bois believed that capitalism was a primary cause of racism, and he was sympathetic to socialist causes throughout his life. He was an ardent peace activist and advocated nuclear disarmament. The United States' Civil Rights Act, embodying many of the reforms for which Du Bois had campaigned his entire life, was enacted a year after his death.
Du Bois was one of our top three leaders of his day and played a critical part in our eventual victory in gaining our full Civil Rights. It took men like him that cared enough to make a difference in the black people's life. He was a brilliant man and could have dedicated his life to something else, but chose to help his people. We would like to take this opportunity to bestow upon him the 1963 Hamite Award, which is given to select individuals who have exhibited strong moral character and leadership for other blacks to imitate.
W. E. B. Du Bois
How were blacks feeling in 1963?
WHAT THE HELL!
WHAT A YEAR! THIS HAS TO BE ONE OF THE BUSIEST IN AMERICAN HISTORY. BUT I HAVE A GOOD FEELING IT WILL GET BETTER FOR ALL AMERICANS, INCLUDING BLACKS.
Did you know you came from an amazing race of people who cared for you? It's true. The amazing accomplishments of our ancestors are recorded on this website. Years ago as slaves it was illegal for slaves to read and write, and a felony for anyone caught teaching them.
The slavemaster wanted to keep them ignorant so they wouldn't organize and rebel against their authority. He was able to dominate blacks in this way. The slavemaster understood the power of education.
Sadly today too many of our own have not learned how truly important it is to learn. Some may look at education as a white thing and to pick up a book as a sellout. Has any ignorant person ever made you feel that way? If so, you should run away as fast as you can from a person like this. You will meet him in a few years while he's pushing a shopping cart around town.
Education and learning are not white; it's a gift for all humankind. Read at all cost; it will add a new dimension to your life, bringing a whole new world you never knew existed. Your ancestors made it all possible for you.
Sports in 1963
January 17, 1963 - Basketball's Wilt Chamberlain of NBA San Francisco Warriors scores 67 points against Los Angeles Lakers.
February 20, 1963 - Willie Mays of the San Francisco Giants signs a record $100,000 per year contract.
Trivia: America's sweetheart Mickey Mantle would receive exactly the same pay weeks later.
July 22, 1963 - Boxer Sonny Liston knocks out Floyd Patterson in the first round for the heavyweight boxing title.
October 20, 1963 - Jim Brown sets an NFL single-season rushing record, with an amazing 1,863 yards.
December 1, 1963, Wendell Oliver Scott won a Grand National Series race at Speedway Park in Jacksonville, Florida, becoming the first black driver to win a race at NASCAR's premier level. Trivia: Scott's career was repeatedly affected by racial prejudice and problems with top-level NASCAR officials. However, his determined struggle as an underdog won him thousands of white fans and many friends and admirers among his fellow racers.
Curt Flood was a Gold Glove winner in National League Baseball.
Elston Howard was named the American League's Most Valuable Player.
Elston Howard was a Gold Glove winner in the American Baseball League.
Willie Mays won the National League Gold Glove Awards.
Former tennis great Althea Gibson was the first black woman to compete in a Ladies Professional Golf Association (LPGA) tournament.
"It is worthy of emphasis, that the antiquity of the Negro race is beyond dispute. His brightest days were when history was an infant; and, since he early turned from God, he has found the cold face of hate and the hurtful hand of the Caucasian against him." George Washington Williams
How did it begin?
It's a worldwide negative perception of blacks.
Well, a quick and straightforward trip back in history will get the likely answer. The Arab trade of Zanj (Bantu) slaves in Southeast Africa predated the European transatlantic slave trade by 700 years but it wasn't until the Portuguese sailed to West Africa in search of gold and discovered something much more valuable, (slaves) and shared with the world what they encountered that aided in the bad rap on blacks.
During the transatlantic slave trade the African empires of Benin, Dahomey, and Yoruba were very powerful. From these kingdoms, more than from any other part of Africa were the people sold into American slavery.
These kingdoms had many districts with different tribes and clans who always fought against each other. These tribes were illiterate without a written form, passing their history to the next generation orally. They were blissfully ignorant of the world around them. As with all people of a common nature, they lived within the limits and respect of the land and were very content in doing so.
Europeans considered the Africans pagans because most tribes were involved with witchcraft, idol worship, cannibalism, superstition, female genital mutilation, and human sacrifices just to name a few of their foolish practices. Europeans thought of themselves as being illuminators to the world made in the image of God which in their minds was white and holy.
Before Christianity took place in Europe, whites believed in a different form of worship which was called mythology, but in time came to their senses with the help of a man named Thales who would later become known as the father of science. Thales was the first person in human history to dispel mythology and would usher in a new way of thinking which was based on facts which in its beginning was called Natural philosophy, and later would be called science. Science would eventually take mythology's place in the way white people believed. Goodbye Jupiter and Neptune.
Thales studied, recorded and compared facts laying the foundation for science. In time, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle would go on to perfect the methods of science. Over the centuries with this wealth of new knowledge discoveries with the aid of science, you can probably imagine how this had to elevate the Europeans ego and self-worth in themselves.
Before long they would claim white superiority, and many began even to doubt the existence of a God. So by the time the Portuguese made their arrival to Africa, they were only smarter and better educated than the blacks and of course dominated as they pleased.
Africans were still living in the past in a fast changing world and were no match for the very greedy and violent Europeans. Africans had seen the last of their glory days. It's a documented fact the Africans were the beginning of human innovation. Other races would go on to copy and perfect their existing creations, scientifically.
If you study ancient history and technological achievements which were in many ways the equal of, or superior of, much that we have today, were founded and carried to a high technological proficiency by Hamitic (African) people. This is the role in history given by God to the descendants of Ham. The Egyptians, the Babylonians, the Mayans, the Aztecs, all were Hamitic people. They were the great inventors of mankind.http://www.ldolphin.org/ntable.html
Why were the African people a no-show in technological discoveries other nations around the world were experiencing?
It wasn't because Africans weren't capable of learning. Type the key phrase into Google "African immigrants in college" you will discover the same lineage of Sub-Saharan Africans today out-perform all races in America's colleges academically. Skin color doesn't matter when it comes to learning; it was because of conditions beyond their control.
Africans couldn't share and contribute information with other nations during this period because of one humongous roadblock. The Sahara Desert. The entire continental United States would fit inside the Sahara Desert with plenty of room to spare. This desert spanned from west to east of Northern Africa and continued to grow, making it very dangerous and challenging for travel.
Sub Saharan Africans were landlocked, lost in time away from all other humanity. The Sahara Desert wasn't always a desert, but slowly grew to be that way. Cave drawings have been discovered in parts of the Sahara that actually depict the flora as green and thriving. http://self.gutenberg.org/articles/history_of_west_africa
So with Portuguese arriving in Africa with their advanced knowledge they encountered a people lost in time and because of their tribal culture and erroneous Pre-Adamic belief the Portuguese had about black people, these people were labeled ignorant wild beast, incapable of learning and the world agreed.
The Africans had a reputation as a peaceful and lovable people and were considered easy pickings by ruthless and brilliant Europeans who extended no mercy.
With their love for science, whites would constantly compare themselves with blacks. They collectively studied the Negro from the kinks in his hair, size of his brain to the jam in his toenails and declared themselves superior to this lowly ape-like creature.
They believed Africans were the descendants of pre-Adamism races and that the White race was made in the image and likeness of God and that Adam gave birth to the White race only.
They also believed and taught that blacks are not human beings but pre-Adamite beasts and could not possibly have been made in God's image and likeness because they are beastlike, immoral and ugly. Whites also claimed that the pre-Adamite races such as blacks didn't have souls. The world would be satisfied with their scientific theory they learned with the help of a blatant and racist media. Whites accepted these lies as truth and raised their kids to do the same.
Science, pre-Adamite beliefs, and the media would go on to replace common sense. According to whites, it was the destiny of these black beast to serve whites, and they believed they had God's backing. Some of the things they wrote as fact about the Negro would go on to cause many innocent deaths.
More than anything else science, pre-adamite beliefs and the racist media played an enormous role which perpetuated the negative image of blacks all over the world. The saddest part was when many blacks would believe these false teachings and felt unworthy, ugly and completely worthless as human beings and lived their lives in a useless way and the process was reinforcing these negative views.
Once in America the following comment gives insight into how whites viewed the Negro in the 1700s during colonial days.
Speaking on the duties of missionaries in converting the Negro to Christianity in 1784, Bishop Porteus published an extensive plan for the most effectual conversion of the slaves contending that
"despicable as they are in the eyes of man they are, nevertheless, the creatures of God."
When slaves first arrived in America, it wasn't quite agreed what their social status would be because it was supposed to be only temporary until white immigrants could come from other countries to take their place, but it didn't happen that way. This is when slavery slowly became associated with dark skin. Everybody jumped on the bandwagon against the lowly Negro who was considered inhuman and a savage beast.
But because it was later discovered that blacks were capable of learning, it made some bright whites change their negative view, except for white slavemasters who had a financial interest in keeping the Negro uneducated and made it a felony for anyone caught teaching them.
Real Americans soon began to realize blacks were human beings just as they were and started movements to free them from the bondage of slavery.
Writers of that day cite desirable characteristics of blacks, saying they were deeply religious, cheerful, imaginative, patient, courageous, had high physical endurance, affectionate and without vindictiveness, even though living under a brutal slavery system. They hated slavery, but always kept hope alive, waiting for their Judgement Day.
When their Judgement day arrived, how did slaves act once freed?
Imagine if you spent your entire existence depending and working from dusk to dawn for someone else and suddenly set free.
How would you do?
Who would teach you to read and write, the importance of family, morality, open a bank account, manage your money, how to distinguish between necessity and want, how to keep your house maintained, the importance of honesty in personal and business dealings, how to think big and become self-reliant with confidence and the many more life skills that's needed in society? All would agree that these are crucial life skills to master that the Negro didn't have during slavery.
Well, needless to say, many former slaves didn't measure up after freedom, wasting their lives with pleasure seeking and absolutely no ambition at all. These people gave the whole race a bad rap and continued to do so until this day.
But most wanted to learn these life skills and progress. That's why the Reconstruction schools of the 1870s were so important; it was like a halfway or transition house for the blacks into American culture. But of course we know that the U.S. government did away with Reconstruction in 1877 because of pressure from white southerners who didn't want educated blacks in America.
Our achievements have been many since then, so why does the negative image of blacks persist?
It's simple. The negative image of blacks persists around the world because of a lack of compassion and love mainly from non-black people. Even though erroneous beliefs of science and pre-Adamic theories happened centuries ago, hard habits are hard to break. It's entrenched in the hearts of many.
That's really sad, but as American citizens today, how are blacks doing?
Well under the circumstances blacks are doing a fantastic job, and it's a wonder we are still around. We as African-Americans are honing our life skills with increasing precision without the same network or support groups that other races enjoy. We are a unique type of people that don't have a reference point but must learn as we go.
Quite frankly, we are true Americans who continue to accomplish our goals non-violently and completely understand what the U.S. Constitution and Declaration of Independence stands for. Would other races been able to do the same? We are love, always have been and always will be.
Historically, after being raped, tortured, lynched and murdered with perpetrators enjoying total impunity, the usual reply of blacks were these words, "I forgive you." Even though made out to be the violent savage beast, blacks seldom retaliated. It's true, check your history books. We live for today and as Americans realizing we have this excellent opportunity to excel and soar like the eagles, and we will!
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, a white officer in the Union army had the task of training colored soldiers in the Civil War. He kept a diary for our enjoyment today. (click here)
George W. Williams - History of the Negro Race in America From 1619 to 1880. (click here)
1963 - Despite Governor George Wallace intimidation and physically blocking their way, Vivian Malone and James Hood register for classes at the University of Alabama in 1963.
The year 1877 was the worst year for American Blacks
A good foundation means everything when attempting to build and the newly freed Negro just didn't have one. When slaves first tasted freedom in the emancipation, they wanted to assimilate into American culture very badly. They wanted to build and live their lives in harmony with their white American brothers.
There were over four million former slaves who were uneducated and illiterate without any life skills whatsoever. During slavery it was illegal and a felony for anyone caught teaching them to read and write. They were not independent like you and me, but depended on others to provide the necessities of life.
The United States government wanted to help the former slaves and assisted by providing Reconstruction aid which meant education, medical, housing, etc. Imagine the joy in these former slaves heart. The schools were consistently packed with Negroes trying to better themselves. Happiness was all around! Finally! Thank you America, we will prove we can do it! YEAH! This was the general attitude of the Negro.
Sadly, this joy was very short lived because the United States government stopped aid after a few short years because of pressure by racist whites. This totally uncaring and un-American decision was called the 1877 Compromise, with many Negroes calling it the 1877 Grand Betrayal.
Although the Negro was now free, he would have to make do the best way he knew how, without any help whatsoever from the government who put him in slavery in the first place. These people became downtrodden, uneducated nomads living in a hateful white racist world, and because of future laws (Jim Crow) further restricting their rights would remain this way until the 1960s Civil Rights movement.
A good foundation was not laid with blacks assimilation into American culture. Many blacks were understandably demoralized, angry and defeated for many years. The weaker ones continue to be so until this day and still hold a grudge that hurts themselves more than anybody else.
Now ones like Mr. Lewis who is pictured above understood his fantastic African American heritage, and the many examples of black success stories he went on to model his life after. This helped him because he had a good foundation to build on. Study your incredible history that's included in this website and grow because it really is a thing of extraordinary beauty.
JOHN F. KENNEDY BRUTALLY ASSASSINATED!
November 22, 1963, Dallas, TX
Picture of President Kennedy in the limousine in Dallas, Texas, on Main Street, minutes before the assassination. Also in the presidential limousine are Jackie Kennedy, Texas Governor John Connally, and his wife, Nellie. photo #117-yr-1963
Lyndon B. Johnson taking the oath of office aboard Air Force One at Love Field Airport two hours and eight minutes after the assassination of John F. Kennedy, Dallas, Texas. Jackie Kennedy (right), still in her blood-soaked clothes, looks on. (Amazing! You couldn't find a more dramatic image) photo #116-yr-1963
Lyndon B. Johnson
John F. Kennedy
Farewell to John F. Kennedy as president. Many people loved this president and cried their hearts out when he died. Was he a great president? He was a great president for white people, but when we use the title great, it must be reserved for people like Abraham Lincoln who was a president for all American people. Lincoln didn't feel the black person was equal with a white man, and that was his personal opinion. But do you know what made this president great like no other president was able to duplicate in history? It was his love for the Declaration of Independence and what it honestly and truthfully meant to be an American, not a fake one but a honest to goodness real American, and which meant EVERYONE should be free to the pursuit of happiness and have equal rights. It was a real disgrace for most whites to trample our Declaration of Independence, and U.S. Constitution to their selfish advantage with unconstitutional Jim Crow laws for decades, and act like nothing has happened. They created much unnecessary animosity with blacks because of this bold face lie they were living. Thank goodness for the television which would become invented later because this form of media exposed these dishonest Americans to the world. It's plain and straightforward, if more presidents were like Abraham Lincoln who put American ideals first and left their personal beliefs on the back burner, racism would be unheard of in America. Lincoln loved his country and was able to keep his own feelings secondary and put American first and not one single president since him has been able to do that, but they all gave in to the racist element, which in reality hated a united America. This is why President Abraham Lincoln is so honored today by all races of people. I always thought Kennedy was along those same lines until I read more about his record, and I just feel that for the most part he kinda stumbled in on the civil rights movement, and tried his very best to steer clear of the civil rights issue until he couldn't avoid it any longer. In fact, his brother Robert who was Attorney General warned his aides to keep the President out of the Civil Rights mess. Kennedy knew how to use blacks. Before his election, he paid a visit to Martin Luther King who was in jail to gain the black vote which worked perfectly, but after he was elected, he forgot about blacks, an observation that King himself had made. When race conditions were heating up, and whites became very violent against protesting blacks is when Kennedy finally got the ball rolling on Civil Rights, only because the world was watching and he had no choice. He introduced sweeping Civil Rights measures before he died that LBJ would later implement with much more enthusiasm than Kennedy. photo #108-yr-1960
George C Wallace (Alabama Governor)
March on Washington, l to r, Bayard Rustin, Deputy Director, and Cleveland Robinson, Chairman of Administrative Committee / World Telegram & Sun photo by O. Fernandez August 7, 1963
Political Scene in 1963
1963 - Lyndon Baines Johnson, often referred to as LBJ, was the 36th President of the United States (1963–69), a position he assumed after his service as the 37th Vice President (1961–63). Johnson, a Democrat from Texas, served as a United States Representative from 1937 to 1949 and as a United States Senator from 1949 to 1961, including six years as Senate Majority Leader, two as Senate Minority Leader and two as Senate Majority Whip. Analysis: Lyndon Baines Johnson was quite the man, probably the closest to Abraham Lincoln than anybody. When he first hooked up with John Kennedy to run for president, he was already known for his abrasive style of politics. He didn't have a problem telling you like it was. Kennedy chose him as a running mate because of Johnsons high southern support, and it would later pay off big time for the American Negro. Historians say that Johnson was more gung-ho about civil rights than Kennedy was, and wanted to push up the pace while Kennedy was content on going slow. John's brother, Robert Kennedy and LBJ hated each other, so there was a lot of animosity in the White House during those days, but they all needed each other, so they worked it out. After Kennedy was shot, LBJ quickly assumed control and one of the first things on his list were the Civil Rights bill that Kennedy had started. The southern politicians would always play games when a bill came their way they didn't like, and LBJ was very familiar with each and every one of them. He maneuvered the Civil Rights bill in a way that it reached the floor for a vote and guess what, SUCCESS! I wonder if Kennedy would have had the same success if he were alive to try? He used similar tactics with the Voting Rights Act also with success. He was a master politician. Riots would break out later in his administration with the American public turning against him. People blamed him that the blacks were rioting because of the bills he helped pass on their behalf. Johnson was unsurprised by the riots, and made the following comment:
"What did you expect? I don't know why we're so surprised. When you put your foot on a man's neck and hold him down for three hundred years, and then you let him up, what's he going to do? He's going to knock your block off."
President Johnson was a good president for the black person and all other citizens. He understood without a doubt what true America stood for, and it's weird because he was from the south and once used to fight Harry Truman when he attempted to send his Civil Rights bill for a vote. People change sometimes. Thanks LBJ.
1963 - Massachusetts Senator John F. Kennedy commonly known as Jack Kennedy or by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963. Analysis: It seems to me John Kennedy was very similar/hesitant to other presidents before him when it came to civil rights for blacks. With the recent battle between Democracy and Communism, every U.S. president since Roosevelt recognizes the need for civil rights for blacks. Consider a speech he made on this subject after violence started to erupt between black protesters and police.
"The denial of constitutional rights to some of our fellow Americans on account of race - at the ballot box and elsewhere - disturbs the national conscience, and subjects us to the charge of world opinion that our democracy is not equal to the high promise of our heritage."
I don't know how much it bothered the national conscience, I mean come on let's face it, it had been going on this way for years. No, my money would be on the fact that America knows it can't lead the world and have these terrible injustices at home with its black citizens. This is the main reason for the Civil Rights movement of the 60s. Not because America sincerely recognizes it as unjust. Now the problem is going to be convincing white Americans to accept it because since emancipation the whites have been blissfully ignorant to the Negro, which they hardly ever saw in their daily lives. That's a big change for American whites soon to take place. But we knew it would have to happen peacefully one day, or either it would have been a revolution. Kennedy recognized discrimination and intolerance were wrong but just like presidents before him was bullied by the South and didn't want to start trouble because his effectiveness in getting other bills passed that had nothing to do with civil rights would be more difficult. Ultimately what made civil rights movement a success was without a doubt the courageous blacks and whites who took part in it, these are true Americans and visionaries. They made it a priority. His brother Robert Kennedy once gave him the advice to "keep the president out of this civil rights mess." Robert Kennedy was also in cahoots with FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover, who hated civil-rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr. and viewed him as an upstart troublemaker and communist, authorizing the director to wiretap King and other leaders of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Many civil rights leaders saw John Kennedy as lukewarm, especially concerning the Freedom Riders, who organized an integrated public transportation effort in the South, and who were repeatedly met with violence by whites, including law enforcement officers, both federal and state. Martin Luther King felt Kennedy was moving too slow and prepared to march on Washington which had Kennedy's approval only after he was able to view and edit the speeches because he didn't want angry words to incite a riot. The Supreme Court had recently given blacks favorable rulings with integration, but the only problem was white Americans were not obeying the law.
Kennedy was not expecting this turmoil when he became president. Before the election he had pulled a few tricks out of his political hat by getting Martin Luther King Jr. released early from prison, and had even paid a visit to Corretta to console her, this little gesture gave him a good reputation among blacks, and they threw their votes his way. But once in office, he forgot all about black causes until heroes like Martin Luther King and the Freedom Riders put the issue right in Americas face. So Kennedy was forced into the civil rights movement, which when it came down to a decision to be made because of tensions running sky high he proposed to the nation a Civil Rights bill by making the following comments:
"We are confronted primarily with a moral issue.... It is as old as the scriptures and is as clear as the American Constitution.... One hundred years of delay have passed since President Lincoln freed the slaves, yet their heirs... are not fully free. They are not yet freed from the bonds of injustice... this Nation... will not be fully free until all its citizens are free.... Now the time has come for this Nation to fulfill its promise.
After his address, Martin Luther King, Jr. called President Kennedy's "civil rights proposals, 'the most sweeping and forthright ever presented by an American president.'" But King also knew the battle wasn't over, especially in the south.
Seven months after Kennedy was assassinated the Civil Rights Act of 1964 became law. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 abolishes discrimination in public accommodations, employment, and federally funded programs.
Sidenote: I must say that I'm a little disappointed in the way the Kennedy brothers handled the Civil Rights issue. Even though we finally got what we wanted, I was always under the impression the Kennedys were zealous lovers of justice for blacks, maybe because there were many blacks wailing and crying when he was shot. But the truth of the matter is he Kennedy fell into the Civil Rights issue, not because he wanted to, and that makes a difference how history will view him.
January 14, 1963 - George Wallace was sworn in as governor of Alabama, and made his famous address: "segregation now; segregation tomorrow; segregation forever!" Wallace has the third longest gubernatorial tenure in post-Constitutional U.S. history at 5,848 days. Analysis: George Wallace was quite the character. He would get folks so worked up you couldn't help but hate him. Because much of the garbage that came out of his mouth was filled with hate, or looking back was it all a show? People didn't realize it then, but he was merely telling racist Southerners what they wanted to hear, with his top priority getting elected, he didn't care how he got there. He was without a doubt a thorn in the side for many years to the Negro. He was finally cut down by an assassin's bullet that left him paralyzed. Presidential contender and Congresswoman Shirley Chilsom, while once again displaying blacks forgiving nature paid him a visit in the hospital, to the protest from other blacks. In time Wallace renounced what he had said about black people, only stating he was wrong, and he even backed up those sentiments by appointing a record number of blacks to state positions in Alabama. I think he played an important part in the Civil Rights struggle because he proved people could change.
June 30, 1963 - The International Labor Organization excludes South Africa from its two-day meeting because of its apartheid policies.
November 22, 1963 - American President John F. Kennedy was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald in Dallas, Texas on this day.
November 22, 1963 - Lyndon B. Johnson was sworn in as the 36th United States president after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.
What is The Declaration of Independence?
It is a statement that the colonist wrote that officially declared their independence from Great Britain. They would now be called, The United States of America. This very special occasion is celebrated every July 4th in America.
The Declaration in part states: We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.
After becoming official, many of the political leaders set their slaves free because they felt it was hypocritical denying a race of people life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. These men had a moral conscience, and strived to be true Americans.
But on the other hand, many leaders chose to hold on to their slaves because it would mean a significant loss monetarily. These men didn't have a moral conscience. They let money and greed reign supreme.
The world was watching and ridiculed the men who held on to their slaves. America's very first test in morality and would set the tone for many years to come and up unto this day. Most Americans would put money first, with the lesser group clinging to true American principles. There were 12 American Presidents who were slaveholders, 8 of them while in office.
You ugly detestable greedy creep.
Is this what America has become?
Yes, the Negro thinks so
Looking through the eyes of a young person, imagine what you would see. Many may not understand how America came to be so polarized. Since the 60s, blacks have made enormous strides, but generally speaking today a youngster might see a white class of people who seem to have it all together, professionally, socially, educationally, economically, and the blacks are always demanding.
Can you imagine how overwhelming and intimidating this could be to some? But when a young black person understands their rich history, it will without a doubt give them courage and strength to believe in themselves, and when that happens, color of skin becomes less of an issue.
Young people deserve to be told the truth about how America became this way, and not in hate or a way that puts down another race. The truth, pure and simple that can be backed up with any library or Google search. America did not just happen yesterday, it took many years for this situation to become this way, and you might be surprised to learn that it was orchestrated by some not so sweet people who didn't sincerely believe in the meaning of the U.S. Constitution or the Declaration of Independence.
During slavery, the Negro depended on their masters for every single necessity of life. Even the smallest want of a slave had to be approved by his master. It also was a severe crime for anyone caught teaching the slaves to read or write. Books were hidden from the Negro, which meant that slaves were illiterate.
The Emancipation Proclamation freed over four million slaves, most of whom had lived and worked on plantations. America wanted to help these former slaves with Reconstruction aid such as education, medical, housing, etc., attempting to place these illiterate and uneducated Negroes on the road to complete American success.
What was the general attitude of the Negro with this Reconstruction help?
YEAH, THAT'S WHAT I'M TALKING ABOUT, THANKS SO MUCH AMERICA, WE WILL PROVE WE CAN BECOME SELF-RELIANT
PRODUCTIVE CITIZENS! WE CAN'T WAIT TO FIND OUT WHAT'S IN THOSE BOOKS YOU HAVE BEEN HIDING FROM US. LET"S GET THIS THING STARTED!
Enthusiasm and motivation were very high to excel. The schools that had been built for the Negro were packed to capacity with students from 7-70 years of age. Educated blacks were getting elected to office as politicians. Fruitful black communities sprang up, and for the first time in American history, the Negro felt like he was a part of America, and was super happy looking toward a prosperous future.
But sadly, there were some who were not as happy, and these were the former Confederates who lived in the same cities. They didn't want any part of Negro success and to be governed by the people they just lost as slaves. So there was a great white resistance.
What was the result?
After only a few short years, the U.S. Government bowed down to these white supremacist and canceled Reconstruction aid to the former slaves. This was called the 1877 Compromise,(please click on 1877 for details) and blacks calling it the 1877 Grand Betrayal. Terrorist had attacked countless black American citizens. Negroes were hanged, tortured, raped, murdered by the whites with total impunity. The U.S. government knew and did nothing, ignoring the enforcement duties set out in the Constitution.
The little gains the Negro was able to achieve were snatched away, and in the meantime, there were still millions of illiterate, defeated, restricted and uneducated black nomads wandering around in a racist society trying to make it the best way they could, and this situation would remain this way until the Civil Rights movement of the 60s, and yes this is how the black ghetto's got their start.
There's not enough room on this web page to describe the hate and exclusion by government and white Americans against blacks during this period. Jim Crow laws touched every part of life, all across America. Blacks and whites were kept apart as much as possible. Good jobs went to whites; blacks were given the worst with less pay. Many industries wouldn’t hire blacks. Many unions passed special rules to exclude them. All juries and judges were white; blacks were illegally denied voting rights. No blacks allowed in public pools. Many restaurants would not serve blacks, and those that did had a dirty colored section. Blacks and whites went to county fairs on different days. Blacks couldn't use public libraries. Simple common courtesy was rarely shown the blacks. Whites beat, tortured, raped and killed blacks with no fear of punishment. Blacks were denied credit for businesses, housing, cars by the banks. Blacks were kept out of white neighborhoods with housing covenants. Oklahoma had black and white phone booths. Texas had cities where blacks were entirely restricted from living. Blacks could not leave their homes after 10:00 pm in Mobile Alabama. Blacks could not marry whites. Georgia had separate white and black parks. Prisons, hospitals, and orphanages were segregated as were schools and colleges. Blacks and whites had to use separate sets of books in school, in Florida, they couldn't be stored together. When a person was sworn in at a trial, the whites used one Bible, and the blacks had a separate Bible. For those who did complete college, a crucial question had to be answered. Who was going to be their clients? Whites didn't engage blacks in business, and the battered Negro couldn't afford their services. These laws became so entrenched in American life; even unwritten laws affected black citizenship; blacks understood to stay out of white stores and establishments. Segregation was so complete that whites did not see blacks except when being served by them. After the Civil Rights movement of the 60s, blacks have made enormous gains. This is how the United States of America became a polarized country. Each and every President knew what was going on and allowed this illegal activity for 87 years. Were they guilty of not upholding the United States Constitution in the Negroes behalf? Is this the reason why many other nations laugh at America with its constant claims of being on the side of good and high morality?
We are rating each and every President up unto the Civil Rights movement of the 60s in regards to the Constitutional laws he took oath to uphold for all American citizens. The ratings can be located at the end of each President's term in office. Please keep in mind there are millions of poor and uneducated blacks in America seeking assistance into assimilating into American culture after 200 years of brutal slavery. Our focus is to find a courageous President, like Abe Lincoln that will solve this problem, and not pass it on to the next administration. Do you think the decisions of these Presidents would have an impact on the lives of blacks today? Of course it would.
Abraham Lincoln was assassinated before the Amendments to the Constitution became official, but without a doubt he understood and enforced the high standards and morality the Constitution stood for.
Andrew Johnson opposed the Fourteenth Amendment, which gave citizenship to former slaves. He fought the Negro every step of the way. Johnson was also a former slaveholder. He didn't believe all were created equal. He didn't uphold the Constitution.
Ulysses S. Grant was complete opposite of Andrew Johnson. Grant assisted the Negro in his quest of assimilation. He understood and enforced the United States Constitution.
Rutherford B. Hayes was an opportunist and sold out the Negro big time with the 1877 Compromise. He didn't understand what his country stood for.
James A Garfield was a strong defender of Civil Rights, and wanted the Negro to progress through education. Sadly he didn't get a chance to fufill his intentions because he was assassinated, but we give him the benefit of the doubt. We believe he understood the U.S. Constitution.
Chester Arthur wasn't really ever concerned with the negro issue. but he didn't make this humongous Negro problems his priority but chose to ignore it and pass it on to the next admin. He did not understand the principles of the U.S. Constitution.
Grover Cleveland actually sided with the white terrorist in the Chinese race riots and felt it was the Chinese fault. He wasn't a true believer in the U.S. Constitution, he only believed in it as far as it would benefit him, just like typical America.
Benjamin Harrison attempted to pass legislation to protect black Americans' civil rights. Nice words he had for blacks but in all honesty, we need something more concrete to hold on too. But we believe that this president understood the principles of the U.S. Constitution.
Grover Cleveland second term wasn't any better than the first. He wasn't a true believer in the U.S. Constitution, and was a no-show for the American Negro.
William McKinley didn't care much for the Civil Rights of Negroes. he failed to enforce the Constitution, because there were many abuses nationwide and he didn't act. He didn't understand or just didn't care.
Theodore Roosevelt glazed over the Negroes problems with beautiful speeches, but no action. I was pulling for this president to be fair, mainly because he was loved by many in his day, blacks included, but history shows that he failed to enforce the U.S. Constitution. Sorry Teddy.
William Howard Taft wasn't in touch with the humongous Negro problem that was left festering since the emancipation. History shows that he failed to enforce the U.S. Constitution.
Woodrow Wilson was a typical no-show as president for the Negro poplualtion. He instigated segregation in U.S. If you're claiming to the world as being a great democracy and not living up to that boast at home is a falsehood.
Warren G. Harding same old story. He spoke of the development of Negro, just didnt make it a priority and nothing was accomplished. Good intentions won't make a plant grow, you have to water it. The negro had hopes in this president, but another no-show.
Calvin Coolidge didn't talk much but made wonderful speeches that had impact and just what the lowly Negro wanted to hear, but that's as far as it went. A true America is more than just hollow words, Abe Lincoln understood that. Why can't others?
Herbert C. Hoover rarely talked about civil rights during his administration. Blacks had to make do the best way they could. He was a very weak president for the Negro, as far as getting our civil rights restored and enforced as stated in the U.S. Constitution.
Franklin D. Roosevelt had the best first lady ever, and we think without her the Negro would have suffered more. Everybody loved FDR. He was a courageous president in world events who started the talk for Human Rights which will soon force America to face it's moral injustices.
Harry S. Truman wanted to make the Negro issues a moral priority. He witnessed blacks fighting and dying in the wars and had much respect. Harry Truman & former first lady (Eleanor) got the ball rolling for blacks with our Civil Rights. Thanks Eleanor & Harry!
Dwight D. Eisenhower agressively ended segregation in Armed Forces. The Navy complained and he made the comment "We shall not take a single backward step. There must be no second class citizens in this country" This site believes it was motivated by Communism.
John F. Kennedy avoided Civil Rights issue. He made call to King while in jail to win black support for his presidency and then forgot blacks. His brother Robert made comment to keep his brother out of civil rights mess. King made good comment about him is why he gets happy face.
Attempting to block integration at the University of Alabama, Governor George Wallace stands defiantly at the door while being confronted by Deputy U.S. Attorney General Nicholas Katzenbach.
"Colored Waiting Room" sign from segregationist era United States photo #100 -year-1878
Race in 1963
May 11, 1963 - Terrorist racial bomb attacks occur in Birmingham, Alabama.
June 11, 1963 - President John F. Kennedy's administration ordered the U.S. Army's 2nd Infantry Division from Ft. Benning, Georgia to be prepared to enforce the racial integration of the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa. In a vain attempt to halt the enrollment of black students Vivian Malone and James Hood, Governor Wallace stood in front of Foster Auditorium at the University of Alabama on June 11, 1963. This became known as the "Stand in the Schoolhouse Door". Trivia: Federal officials had been in touch with Wallace to arrange some of the events for the public.
June 12, 1963 - Mississippi NAACP Field Secretary Medgar Evers is assassinated outside his home in Jackson, Mississippi.
June 18, 1963 - three thousand blacks boycott Boston public schools.
Movies in America
Eddie "Rochester" Anderson
Jack Benny's radio shows cast
Television / Movies in 1963
Starting in the year of 1937, a new funny man would co-star on the Jack Benny Show. This man went by the name of Eddie "Rochester" Anderson. Eddie's character of "Rochester" generated much laughter, becoming immensely popular and would become a household name from 1937 to 1965 in America. The humor on the show was the usual stereotypical stuff that blacks had to endure, but later it would become a stepping stone for many successful comedians to follow. Eddie became the first black to have a regular role on a nationwide radio program. The show started on radio and moved to television in 1951 until it went off the air in the 1964-1965 season. Trivia:
Anderson was frequently late for the show. Benny attempted to instill punctuality in Anderson by fining him $50 each time he arrived late at the studio. Anderson had a habit of losing track of time, especially when he was talking with someone. Must have had something to say huh Eddie?
Car 54, Where Are You? was an American sitcom that ran on NBC from 1961 to 1963, and was about two New York police officers based at the fictional 53rd precinct in The Bronx. Car 54 was their patrol car. The show was filmed only in black-and-white.
The show starred some big names in the African American community such as, Nipsey Russell as Officer Anderson,
Ossie Davis as Officer Omar Anderson, and Frederick O'Neal as Officer Wallace.
Lena Horne - The Judy Garland Show (as herself, October 13, 1963)
Academy Award Winners:
1963 - Sidney Poitier for Lilies of the Field. Best Actor in a Leading Role.
Whitney Houston photo #104
Eazy-E photo #105
Zina Garrison photo #106-yr-1963
Famous Birthdays in 1963
January 2, 1963 - Adrienne-Joi Johnson an American actress, choreographer and fitness coach.
January 4, 1963 - Daryl Lamont Boston a former Major League Baseball outfielder.
January 21, 1963 - Hakeem Abdul Olajuwon, former NBA basketball player.
February 12, 1963 - Ed Lover a rapper, actor, musician, radio personality, and former MTV VJ.
February 17, 1963 - Michael Jordan, former NBA basketball player. Michael will go down in history as being one of the greatest players of all times.
February 23, 1963 - Bobby Bonilla former player in Major League Baseball.
March 6, 1963 - D. L. Hughley an American actor, political commentator and stand-up comedian.
March 18, 1963 - Vanessa Lynn Williams an American singer, actress, producer and former fashion model.
March 27, 1963 - Randall W. Cunningham former American football quarterback in the National Football League and current football coach, pastor and mentor who lives in Las Vegas, NV.
April 12, 1963 - Tracy Camilla Johns an American film actress.
May 5, 1963 - Prince Ital Joe was a Dominican-born American musician best known for his collaborations with Marky Mark.
May 12, 1963 - Vanessa A. William an American actress.
May 29, 1963 - Earthquake an American actor, voice artist, and comedian.
June 2, 1963 - Norm Lewis a Tony Award nominated American actor and baritone singer.
July 4, 1963 - David Joyner an American actor from Decatur, Illinois.
July 5, 1963 - Dorien Wilson an American actor, best known for his role as Professor Stanley Oglevee on the UPN sitcom The Parkers.
July 8, 1963 - Roscoe "Rocky" Carroll an American actor.
August 1, 1963 - Coolio an American musician, rapper, chef, actor, and record producer.
August 3, 1963 - Isaiah Washington IV an American-Sierra Leonean actor.
August 7, 1963 - Harold Perrineau an American actor.
August 9, 1963 - Whitney Houston, American singer, actress, producer, and model.
September 7, 1963 - Eazy-E was an American rapper who performed solo.
September 27, 1963 - Scott Lawrence an American actor.
October 28, 1963 - Sheryl Underwood an American comedian and actress.
October 30, 1963 - Yolanda R. Hughes-Heying a professional female bodybuilder from the United States.
October 30, 1963 - Michael Beach, a very talented and familiar actor.
November 7, 1963 - Elizabeth Juliene "Liz" Mikel an American actress and jazz vocalist.
November 10, 1963 - Tommy Davidson an American comedian, film and television actor.
November 16, 1963 - Zina Garrison former professional African American tennis player from the United States.
December 5, 1963 - André "Doctor Dré" Brown an American radio personality and former MTV VJ.
December 18, 1963 - Lori McNeil an African American tennis coach and former professional tennis player.
December 19, 1963 - Jennifer Beals an American actress and a former teen model.
1963 - Granville Adams African American actor known for Oz (1997).
1963 - Michael Ralph an American actor, comedian and voice actor.
Famous Deaths in 1963
January 3, 1963 - Lucie Eddie Campbell was an African American composer of hymns.
June 12, 1963 - Medgar Wiley Evers, African-American civil rights activist from Mississippi.
July 27, 1963 - Garrett Augustus Morgan, Sr., was an African-American inventor.
August 27, 1963 - W. E. B. Du Bois, was an American sociologist, historian, civil rights activist.
December 14, 1963 - Dinah Washington was an American singer and pianist, who has been cited as "the most popular black female recording artist of the '50s
Marvin Gaye photo #108-yr-1968
Wilma Rudolph photo #107-yr-1940
Famous Weddings in 1963
1963 - Wilma Rudolph married Robert Eldridge
1963 - Marvin Gaye married Anna Gordy Gaye
1963 - Barbara McNair married Jack Rafferty
The Cookies were an American R&B girl group in the 1950s to 1960s. Members of the original lineup would later become the Raelettes, the backing vocalists for Ray Charles.
Mahalia Jackson - Photography by William P. Gottlieb photo #108-yr-1948
The Toys were an American pop girl group from Jamaica, New York, which was formed in 1961 and disbanded in 1968. photo #109-yr-1961
Music in 1963
Billboard Top Soul Hits:
January 5 "You Are My Sunshine" Ray Charles
anuary 19 "Two Lovers" Mary Wells
February 16 "You've Really Got a Hold on Me" The Miracles
February 23 "Hey Paula" Paul & Paula
March 9 "That's the Way Love Is" Bobby "Blue" Bland
March 23 "Our Day Will Come" Ruby & the Romantics
April 6 "He's So Fine" The Chiffons
May 4 "Baby Workout" Jackie Wilson
May 25 "I Will Follow Him" Little Peggy March
June 1 "If You Wanna Be Happy" Jimmy Soul
June 8 "Another Saturday Night" Sam Cooke
June 15 "It's My Party" Lesley Gore
July 6 "Hello Stranger" Barbara Lewis
July 20 "Easier Said Than Done" The Essex
August 3 "Fingertips (Part 2)" Little Stevie Wonder
September 14 "(Love Is Like A) Heat Wave" Martha & the Vandellas
October 12 "Cry Baby" Garnet Mimms & the Enchanters
October 19 "Part Time Love" Little Johnny Taylor
November 9 "It's All Right" The Impressions
November 23 "Sugar Shack" Jimmy Gilmer & the Fireballs
Popular Soul Dances
The Hully Gully
The Camel Walk
The Hitch Hike
Musical Happenings in 1963:
The audio cassette is introduced
A LP recording of James Brown and his band at the Apollo Theater (Live at the Apollo) in Harlem sells more than a million copies.
The Newport Folk Festival becomes a defining event in the American roots revival of the 1960s and 70s.
Amiri Baraka's Blues People: Negro Music in White America is a successful book. The first by an African American author.
The Famous Ward Singers become the first gospel group to perform at Radio City Music Hall.
Clara Ward becomes one of the first gospel to stars to appear in films, in a leading role in Tambourines to Glory.
October 8, 1963 - Sam Cooke and his band is arrested after being denied a motel room that he had called in advance to reserve. It made headline news and inspired the song "A Change Is Gonna Come".
Grammy winners in 1963:
The 5th Annual Grammy Awards were held on May 15, 1963 at Chicago, Los Angeles and New York. They recognized accomplishments by musicians for the year 1962.
Best Opera Recording
Georg Solti (conductor), Robert Merrill, Leontyne Price, Giorgio Tozzi, Jon Vickers, & the Rome Opera House Orchestra for Verdi: Aida
Best Gospel or Other Religious Recording
Mahalia Jackson for Great Songs of Love and Faith
Best Original Cast Show Album
Richard Rodgers (composer) & the original cast (Richard Kiley, Diahann Carroll, Bernice Mass, Noelle Adam, Don Chastain, Mitchell Gregg & Noelle Adam) for No Strings
Best Solo Vocal Performance, Female (Pop)
Ella Fitzgerald for Ella Swings Brightly with Nelson
Best Rhythm & Blues Recording
Ray Charles for "I Can't Stop Loving You"
"all men are created equal"
The cornerstone of American Principles
But is it true, or just empty words?
Well, once again we have to go back in history to get the likely answer.
Just imagine in your mind what America was going through in it's beginning. Poor European immigrants from around the world braved the mighty oceans traveling to the "New World" for a better life. Anything was better than where they were leaving.
The church had dominated the thinking of Europeans for many years but with the invention of the printing press and sharing of information they slowly began forming their ideas and belief systems independent of the church. One of these beliefs was in social science which taught the Negro was an inferior ape-like creature with no prospect for advancement and whites were superior to them.
Sounds silly I know, but Europeans believed it (and some still do today). They brought these beliefs with them to America. This is the reason whites didn't want anything whatsoever to do with blacks because in their superior way of thinking it would be a step backward to intermingle and share America with people of African descent whom they considered beast like.
Europeans were much smarter and more advanced than Africans. Africans were a tribal people lost in time practicing all sorts of superstitious traditions. Leaders didn't teach their citizens to read or write, and much of African history was lost forever because of this failure. Africans would pass their culture down to the next generation orally.
When Africans finally collided with the Europeans through the slave trade, they were shocked at the degree of hate these people had against them. Europeans loved science because it excused them from a moral conscience they had been burdened with in their practice of religion. So when they raped, pillaged, and murdered they did so in the name of science or white superiority which made it perfectly O.K. with their hearts.
After the Africans made it to America and were forced to work as slaves, it took many years until white people began to feel they were wrong about the mistreatment of blacks and started movements to free them. After slavery was finally abolished in 1863, another form of hate and discrimination would appear on the scene named Jim Crow.
After Abraham Lincoln had died, every single U.S. President up unto Lyndon Baines Johnson would ignore the Declaration of Independence principle that "All men are created equal" and violated the law of the land by disobeying our U.S. Constitution that guaranteed Negroes first class citizenship with Jim Crow laws. They just refused to accept blacks as equals. Throughout history this was referred to as the "Negro Problem"
It would remain this way until the 1960s Civil Rights movement.
Some of the early Americans who penned the Declaration of Independence and U.S. Constitution which was essentially a moral roadmap for all Americans to live by were honest to true goodness Americans who understood the vision for the United States.
But on the other hand, this true vision of America was too lofty for most whites to follow. They sought only to take from our country for their selfish gains. They considered themselves privileged ones.
But not all were anti-American.
Great men such as Wiliam Whipple who was a signer of the Declaration of Independence was a true American.
During the Revolutionary War period Whipple wrote as follows to Josiah Bartlett, “The last accounts from South Carolina were favorable. A recommendation is gone thither for raising some regiments of blacks. This, I suppose, will lay a foundation for the emancipation of those wretches in that country. I hope it will be the means of dispensing the blessings of Freedom to all the human race in America.” William Whipple
Even though these true Americans like William Whipple didn't particularly like blacks, they were special people because they put their personal feelings on the back burner and American ideals and principles first. William Whipple could not sign the Declaration of Independence and own slaves at the same time, so what did he do? He set his slave free. Many other true early Americans did the same thing.
William Whipple, a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence and a true American photo#105-yr-2015
But most American leaders chose to ignore American ideals and principles for their advantage and held on to their slaves, and after slavery was outlawed created illegal laws that made a joke of the U.S. Constitution, and trashed the Declaration of Independence which was anything but being true American and this is the way it remained until the 1960s Civil Rights movement.
Not much has changed. We still have a strong racist element in America and will continue to do so until this dark period in America's history is talked about and hashed out between the races. Many white Americans will probably never change their negative view of blacks which was initiated by erring scientist years ago and continue to pass their hate down from generation to generation.
So what does this have to do with American standards?
America in its infancy was slowly creating a standard that would become admired over the world. Although quickly fading from practice in our day the American standard consisted of honesty in business dealings, promoting fairness, practicing proper relationships, justice, civility, right dress, speech, eating, and anything positive that enriched the community as a whole. Yes, even racist anti-Americans understood and lived by these standards when it didn't conflict with their hate.
Now here's the problem.
With blacks finally attaining enforcement of their civil rights in the 1960s, many didn't quite know which standard to live. Many wondered to themselves, "Should we live under the American standard where many were unkind to us and made us feel unwelcome or continue living under the old Negro standard that was adopted during and after slavery?"
In the following movie, great black filmmaker Oscar Micheaux created a film entitled "Birthright" which was about a well spoken black man named (Peter) who left his Southern roots to go to Harvard and obtain his education. He returned to the south with the hopes of opening up schools to teach the young black kids. He met a beautiful woman (Sissy), and both shared a mutual love interest, and while at a house he was living they had a conversation where she mentioned that since he had an education, he now lived under a different code or (standard) than the other black people in the Southern town. Sissy tells him that since he changed his code (standard) and returned to judge the residents, it wasn't fair. Blacks in the city still lived by the old Negro code or standard. This movie can be found in its entirety on Netflix under (Pioneers of African-American Cinema) There are still many blacks today who live by this old Negro code or standard.
What's a Negro standard?
Many blacks took pride in being different from white America, even down to this day. So during slavery we created our special language to communicate with each other (AAVE), our flashy style of dress, our own and unique way we dealt with one another, it's a standard white people just wouldn't understand, and we loved it because it belonged to us. It's how we survived for decades.
Did blacks hold onto the old Negro standard after the Civil Rights movement?
After the 60s, it wasn't easy trying to blend in and assimilate into the American way of doing things, especially when you know there are ones that hate you. It could be very discouraging. It was especially hard on our black men. But happily many blacks made the smart choice of choosing the American standard, even though they knew they would be called Uncle Toms or sellouts by members of our race for trying to act white or like the enemy as they saw it.
These people were wise because they understood just like the slaves of old what this country was founded on and this gave them strength to live as true Americans. They could care less about racist whites and their hate for us or the foolish blacks who would say bad things about them. They remembered true American brothers like William Whipple and made their mind to follow the American standard of living.
Now if these blacks had stayed in the old Negro standard, they would have been left behind. You cannot blend the American standard with the old Negro standard. It would never work, and that goes for others such as Mexicans, Chinese, Middle Eastern, etc. We all must live by one standard way of doing things in America, even if we may hate one another.
So, if one from the old Negro standard wants to achieve it would be a mistake to look at it as trying to be white. No, we are working to be better Americans, true Americans. Browse through this website and learn about the countless number of blacks who died so that we could attempt this.
After the Civil Rights movement when whites were finally able to have contact with blacks through the event of integration many came to the realization that blacks were not much different than themselves. We're all humans, not like those crazy racist scientists preached as fact years ago to ruin America. They have much blood on their hands.
We must achieve and become victorious even under the bad hand of white racist which without a doubt we will encounter on our American journey. The only difference is today; it's not out in the open like it once was.
But on the other hand, we will also encounter the William Whipple's of the world. How do you think we elected a black President? It couldn't have been accomplished without white people. That in a sense was William voting for our first black president. So when issues arise, don't hate America, if you must hate at all hate the actions of the anti-American racist who reside in her.
We can't let anyone hold us back from achieving our dreams which wouldn't make any sense believing "I'm gonna waste my life away with selfish pleasure seeking because of the white man, and also my homies will call me a sellout if I attempt to better myself." which is the thinking from the old Negro standard.
We must all strive to be sharp, smart, successful and proud African Americans living under American standards because it's the best in the world and many of our ancestors died for the opportunity we have today.
So to answer the above question, are all men created equal? It depends on who point of view you take. If you look through the eyes of racist anti-American people, then we are not created equal, but if you look at it through the eyes of true Americans, yes without a doubt we are all created equal and share mutually in achieving in America which is the greatest country in the world.
I think I'll look at it through the eyes of true America, like our friend and American brother William Whipple.
Kids Fashions from Stockton, California in the 60s
1960s Girls Fashions
360 Waves hairstyle
American jazz violinist Eddie South with a conk hairdo. photo #104-yr-1920
Fashions in 1963
Tie Dye T-shirts
Men & Women Hairstyles:
The Afro was the hairstyle of choice. If you could grow a big one, you were badd. Men, women and kids wore afros if they could. Some of our peoples hair was so kinky, an afro wasn't a choice. Kinky haired (or we would lovingly call them nappy headed) women and girls would have to constantly get their hair straightened or braided. Men and boys with kinky hair would have to break out the conk or straightening comb or either get a Covadis haircut. Waves hairstyles was generally worn by men. The hair is cropped short to the head in the styling of a Caesar cut. There are brushing techniques that will result in the resemblance of "oceanic waves" in the hair. We would steal our sisters nylons and use them for a haircap.
Historically, hair braiding was not a paid trade. Since the African diaspora, in the 20th and 21st centuries it has developed as a multi-million dollar business in such regions as the United States and western Europe. An individual's hair groomer was usually someone whom they knew closely. Sessions included shampooing, oiling, combing, braiding, and twisting, plus adding accessories.
Group of African Americans viewing the bomb-damaged home of
Arthur Shores, NAACP attorney, Birmingham, Alabama Bomb exploded September 4, 1963.
United States Census for African Americans in the 1960s
Fluorescent body paint. Paints and decorations that fluoresce under black light are used in theater and several art forms photo #107-yr-1960
Our Community in 1963 Newsworthy Events in the Black Community:
April 16, 1963 - Martin Luther King is arrested and jailed during anti-segregation protests in Birmingham, Ala. He writes "Letter from Birmingham Jail," which advocated nonviolent civil disobedience.
May 3, 1963 - Birmingham, Alabama police use dogs and fire hoses to attack defenseless civil rights demonstrators.
August 28, 1963 - The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom is attended by about 250,000 people, the largest demonstration ever seen in the nation's capital. Martin Luther King delivers his famous "I Have a Dream" speech, building momentum for civil rights legislation.
September 15, 1963 - Four young black girls attending Sunday school are killed when a bomb explodes at the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church, a popular location for civil rights meetings. Riots erupt in Birmingham, leading to the deaths of two more black youths.
October 20, 1963 - South Africa begins trial of Nelson Mandela & eight others on conspiracy charges.
Despite Governor George Wallace physically blocking their way, Vivian Malone and James Hood register for classes at the University of Alabama.
1960s - The term "Soul food," as it relates to cuisine, became very popular during the 1960s.
1960s - adding a fluorescent blacklight glow to the room. White T-shirts and teeth would light up the room, secret symbols or slogans on posters would be revealed. These lights also appeared in nightclubs and theater productions around the country, creating a surreal atmosphere.
1960s - Lava Lamps entranced people and consisted of an illuminated glass cylinder within which a colorful, wax like substance was heated.
The United States Population is 179,323,175 with a total of 18,871,831 being African Americans. Things must be getting a little better because blacks are having more babies.
How did religion begin for the American Negro?
Well, it was an exciting journey for sure, but as usual, we have to go back into history for the likely answer. Before arriving in America as slaves, generally speaking, our ancestors practiced a religion which included fetishism.
What is fetishism you may ask?
Traditional Benin Voodoo Dance
Fetishism is a man-made object (such as the doll aound the lady's neck in the picture) that is thought to have power over others. Africans were extremely superstitious in their native land.
But once exposed to religious teachers in America, quickly left their superstitious past behind them, and would frown upon new arrivals of Africans who practiced fetishism in religion.
In Europe, the Roman Catholic Church had lost their grip on people with their questionable religious practices. There were many who thought the Church was wrong and formed a protest or a Protestant Reformation that resulted in the creation of tons of different religions with their doctrines and teachings claiming to be Christian.
A religion is an organized collection of beliefs, cultural systems, and world views
that relate humanity to an order of existence.
Episcopal, Jesuits, Methodists, Protestant, Anglican, Lutheranism, Calvinism, Presbyterianism, Wesleyanism were all against Roman Catholic teachings.
But there would be a new religion on the horizon for humanity that went by the name of science. The introduction of science was in many ways entirely different than Christianity because it taught man to believe and rely on himself and his creations, rather than on a Supreme Being he couldn't see.
Faith is something foreign and unbelievable to a scientist. Also, this new form of religion would give these believers complete moral authority to do as they wished without a guilty conscience or retribution from a Surpreme Being.
This is what made slavery right or moral in the eyes of so many whites because new science taught that whites were superior and blacks inferior. The theory of evolution is another example in clear teaching that the world exists because of a big bang instead of being created, and also man evolved from apes rather than being created.
Do you believe in Evolution? If so, evolution is your religion because mainstream religion and evolution just don't jive, it's either one or the other.
During slavery, most of the first black congregations and churches were founded by free blacks, but slaves learned about Christianity by attending services led by a white preacher or supervised by a white person. Slaveholders often held prayer meetings at their plantations. Methodist and Baptist were the preferred choices of slaves because of its message.
But after slavery blacks were still restricted in the white churches so what they did next is not a surprise. They began to form their churches free from white rulership and exclusion, but kept the doctrine and teachings, but of course with a more lively twist (singing and dancing). It's clear they still had African culture in their hearts. This would mark the beginning of a new American creation, the black church.
The following is a very brief history of religion in Black America:
William J. Seymour - photo#111-yr-2015
Charles Fox Parham an independent holiness evangelist who believed strongly in divine healing, was an important figure in the emergence of Pentecostalism as a distinct Christian movement. But it wasn't until one of his black students named William J. Seymour learned these teaching and took it back to California with him that the Pentecostal movement took off like wildfire.
Seymour's preaching sparked the famous three-year-long Azusa Street Revival in 1906. Worship at the racially integrated Azusa Mission featured an absence of any order of service. (whites would later dislike this) People preached and testified as moved by the Spirit, spoke and sung in tongues, and fell in the Spirit. Blacks whites and other races would attend these services. But there was a matter of Jim Crow to be kept in mind that made it illegal for blacks and whites to mix.
So whites broke away from Seymour and began their Pentecostal churches. It's a fact that the beginning of the widespread Pentecostal movement in the United States is considered to have started with one-eyed black preacher William J. Seymour's Azusa Street Revival.
The Church Of God in Christ (COGIC) -
Church Of God in Christ Baptism photo#112-yr-2015
The Church Of God in Christ was formed in 1897 by a group of disfellowshiped Baptists, most notably Charles Price Jones (1865–1949) and Charles Harrison Mason (1866–1961) and is a Pentecostal Christian denomination with a predominantly African-American membership. It ranks as the largest Pentecostal denomination and the fifth largest Christian denomination in the U.S. Evangelical Baptist, and Methodist preachers traveled throughout the South in the Great Awakening of the late 18th century and appealed directly to slaves, and a few thousand slaves converted. Early COGIC leaders were very much attracted by the Pentecostal message and would break from the Baptist for this reason.
A.M.E. Church -
The African Methodist Episcopal Church, usually called the A.M.E. Church, is a predominantly African-American Methodist denomination based in the US. It is the oldest independent Protestant denomination founded by blacks in the world. It was founded by the Rt. Rev. Richard Allen in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1816 from several black Methodist congregations in the mid-Atlantic area that wanted independence from white Methodists.
Baptists are individuals who comprise a group of denominations and churches that subscribe to a doctrine that baptism should be performed only for professing believers (believer's baptism, as opposed to infant baptism) and that it must be done by complete immersion (as opposed to affusion or sprinkling). Other tenets of Baptist churches include soul competency (liberty), salvation through faith alone, Scripture alone as the rule of faith and practice, and the autonomy of the local congregation. Baptists recognize two ministerial offices, pastors, and deacons. Baptist churches are widely considered to be Protestant churches, though some Baptists disavow this identity.
An adherent of Islam is called a Muslim. Jews felt like they were chosen people who were promised a land filled with milk and honey, a holy land. This promise was made to Abraham and his seed. Abraham's wife Sarah had trouble conceiving children so to keep the promise alive and in the family she chose Hagar who was an Egyptian handmaid to have sexual relations with Abraham to bear a son, which is what they did. This son's name was Ishmael.
But something happened later that would throw things into a tizzy. At a very old age Sarah was now able to have kids and bore a son named Isaac.
Now here's the problem. Does the promise belong to Sarah's son or Hagar's son? Sarah felt it belonged to her bloodline, so she sent Hagar and Ishmael into the wilderness for them to die. But guess what? They didn't die. Muhammad who was the final prophet sent by God as identified in the Quran was born within Ishmael's seed line.
So even to this day these two groups don't care for each other.
This religion by far has proven to be the most destructive for humankind. Its users have created a world of me, me, me, by magnifying themselves, sincerely believing they are all of that and a bag of chips. Also the belief that spirited competition is healthy and useful. Win at all cost! The survival of the fittest theory. Many genocides were accomplished in the name of science. It teaches us that man originates from apes, (many blacks lost their life because of this false teaching) the earth was created from nothing and in essence humans are their gods. The bad far outweighs the good with the practice of science. Just look around.
#100 - Public Domain image - African American woman being carried to police patrol wagon during demonstration in Brooklyn, New York, 1 photographic print : gelatin silver. Contributor: Demarsico, Dick
Original Format: Photos, Prints, Drawings Date: 1963
#101 - Public Domain image - Two women sitting on grass near the National Mall during the March on Washington, 1963 1 negative : film ; 35mm. Original Format: Photos, Prints, Drawings Date: 1963
#102 - Public Domain image - Young women with signs raised behind them at the March on Washington, 1963
1 negative : film ; 35mm. Contributor: Trikosko, Marion S. Original Format: Photos, Prints, Drawings
#103 - Public Domain image - Marchers with "National Council of Negro Women" sign at the March on Washington, 1963 1 negative : film ; 35mm. Contributor: Trikosko, Marion S. Original Format: Photos, Prints, Drawings
#104 - By PH2 Mark Kettenhofen (Whitney_Houston_Welcome_Heroes_1.JPEG) [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
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